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International Organisations And Peace Enforcement

Author: Katharina P. Coleman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464507
Size: 21.77 MB
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What distinguishes a peace enforcement operation from an invasion? This question has been asked with particular vehemence since the US intervention in Iraq, but it faces all military operations seeking to impose peace in countries torn by civil war. This book highlights the critical role of international organisations (IOs) as gatekeepers to international legitimacy for modern peace enforcement operations. The author analyses five operations launched through four IOs: the ECOWAS intervention in Liberia, the SADC operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Lesotho, the NATO Kosovo campaign and the UN intervention in East Timor. In all these campaigns, lead states sought IO mandates primarily to establish the international legitimacy of their interventions. The evidence suggests that international relations are structured by commonly accepted rules, that both democratic and authoritarian states care about the international legitimacy of their actions, and that IOs have a key function in world politics.

Schutz Als Neue Norm In Den Internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Bastian Loges
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531191381
Size: 23.71 MB
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In den letzten Jahren konnte sich der Schutz als neues normatives Argument in der internationalen Politik zunehmend etablieren, wie nicht zuletzt die Bestätigung der sog. Responsibility to Protect (R2P) durch die UN-Generalversammlung unterstrich. Doch obwohl sich dieses neue Konzept auf die Verantwortung der internationalen Gemeinschaft zum Schutz von Bürgern bezog, deren Staaten nicht mehr fähig oder willens waren, ihrer Schutzverantwortung nachzukommen, blieben eindeutige Reaktionen auf Gräueltaten wie etwa in Darfur weitgehend aus. Somit stellt sich Frage, welchen normativen Status die R2P in den internationalen Beziehungen überhaupt beanspruchen kann. Bastian Loges untersucht, wie sich zwischen 1999 und 2009 der Schutz als Argument innerhalb des UN-Sicherheitsrats etablieren konnte und welche Konsequenzen aus dem Normierungsprozess zu erwarten sind.

Legitimating International Organizations

Author: Dominik Zaum
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191652202
Size: 63.84 MB
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The legitimacy of international and regional organizations and their actions is frequently asserted and challenged by states and commentators alike. Their authorisations or conduct of military interventions, their structures of decision-making, and their involvement into what states deem to be domestic matters have all raised questions of legitimacy. As international organizations lack the coercive powers of states, legitimacy is also considered central to their ability to attain compliance with their decisions. Despite the prominence of legitimacy talk around international organizations, little attention has been paid to the practices and processes through which such organizations and their member states justify the authority these organizations exercise - how they legitimise themselves both vis-à-vis their own members and external audiences. This book addresses this gap by comparing and evaluating the legitimation practices of a range of international and regional organizations. It examines the practices through which such organizations justify and communicate their legitimacy claims, and how these practices differ between organizations. In exploring the specific legitimation practices of international organizations, this book analyses the extent to which such practices are shaped by the structure of the different organizations, by the distinct normative environments within which they operate, and by the character of the audiences of their legitimacy claims. It also considers the implications of this analysis for global and regional governance.

Legitimacy Peace Operations And Global Regional Security

Author: Linnéa Gelot
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415526531
Size: 80.11 MB
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"This book focuses on the collaboration that takes place in the field of conflict management between the global centre and the African regional level. It moves beyond the dominant framework on regional-global security partnerships, which mainly considers one-sided legal and political factors. Instead, new perspectives on the relationships are presented through the lens of international legitimacy. The book argues that the AU and the UN Security Council fight for legitimacy to ensure their positions of authority and to improve the chances of success of their activities. It demonstrates in regard to the case of Darfur why and how legitimacy matters for states, international organisations, and also for global actors and local populations." -- Page [iii] of paperback version.

Global Politics And The Responsibility To Protect

Author: Alex J. Bellamy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136868631
Size: 27.32 MB
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This book provides an in-depth introduction to, and analysis of, the issues relating to the implementation of the recent Responsibility to Protect principle in international relations The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) has come a long way in a short space of time. It was endorsed by the General Assembly of the UN in 2005, and unanimously reaffirmed by the Security Council in 2006 (Resolution 1674) and 2009 (Resolution 1894). UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has identified the challenge of implementing RtoP as one of the cornerstones of his Secretary-Generalship. The principle has also become part of the working language of international engagement with humanitarian crises and has been debated in relation to almost every recent international crisis – including Sudan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Georgia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and Somalia. Concentrating mainly on implementation challenges including the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities, strengthening the UN’s capacity to respond, and the role of regional organizations, this book introducing readers to contemporary debates on R2P and provides the first book-length analysis of the implementation agenda. The book will be of great interest to students of the responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, human rights, foreign policy, security studies and IR and politics in general.

Challenges Of Constructing Legitimacy In Peacebuilding

Author: Daisaku Higashi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317531779
Size: 40.35 MB
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Peacebuilding is a critical issue in world politics. Surprisingly, however, there has not been a full examination of concrete policies and implementation strategies to generate legitimacy in "host states" by either international relations (IR) theorists or practitioners. The objective of this book is to develop an understanding of the mechanisms for constructing—or eroding—the legitimacy of newly created governments in post-conflict peacebuilding environments. The book argues that although existing accounts in the literature contend that compliance with key political programs, and constructing legitimacy in peacebuilding, largely depend on the levels of force (guns) and resource distribution (money) aimed at people who are governed, there are other significant factors, such as inclusive governments reconciling with old enemies, and the substantial role of international organizations (IOs) as credible third parties to establish fairness and impartiality within the political process. Highashi focuses on an in-depth analysis of the challenges involved in creating a legitimate government in Afghanistan, focusing on disarmament programs with powerful warlords, and the reconciliation efforts with the insurgency, especially the Taliban. In the conclusion the book also examines three complimentary cases—Iraq, East Timor, and Sierra Leone—which consistently support the argument presented earlier This work will be of interest to students and scholars of peacebuilding and conflict resolution as well as international relations more broadly.

Justifying Interventions In Africa

Author: N. Wilén
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230374964
Size: 18.11 MB
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This new paperback edition of Justifying Interventions in Africa includes a new preface written by Professor Annika Björkdahl from Lund University. Analysing the UN interventions in Liberia, Burundi and the Congo, Wilén poses the question of how one can stabilize a state through external intervention without destabilizing sovereignty. She critically examines the justifications for international and regional interventions through a social constructivist framework.

The United Nations Peace And Security

Author: Ramesh Thakur
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107176948
Size: 17.94 MB
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Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.