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International Public Opinion And The Bosnia Crisis

Author: Richard Sobel
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739156578
Size: 67.85 MB
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International Public Opinion and the Bosnia Crisis examines—through U.S., Canadian, and European case studies—how public reaction impacted democratic governments' response to the ethnic and religious conflict in Bosnia, 1991-1997.

Public Opinion And International Intervention

Author: Richard Sobel
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 1597974927
Size: 36.15 MB
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The editors and authors use a diverse selection of cases that explore the extent to which leaders and people in democracies able to participate in the Iraq War coalition did so by choice. The chapters are based on the premise that democracies are more responsive to public opinion and that the wealthier democracies would be more capable, though not necessarily more willing, to involve themselves in the Iraq War. The editors have assembled contributions that build on the successful model of International Public Opinion and the Bosnia Crisis. In this volume on Iraq, leading scholars debate the role of public opinion in particular nations' decisions on whether to participate in a central international conflict. This makes Public Opinion & International Intervention an essential text for foreign and public policy explorations and courses. Richard Sobel has taught and researched at Princeton, Smith., Harvard, Northwestern University, and the University of Connecticut. Peter Furia is a lecturer in politics at the University of Virginia. He has published several articles on public opinion and international affairs. Bethany Barratt is an associate professor of political science at Roosevelt University and director of the Joseph Loundy Human Rights Project.

Strategic Narratives Public Opinion And War

Author: Beatrice De Graaf
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317673271
Size: 38.83 MB
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This volume explores the way governments endeavoured to build and maintain public support for the war in Afghanistan, combining new insights on the effects of strategic narratives with an exhaustive series of case studies. In contemporary wars, with public opinion impacting heavily on outcomes, strategic narratives provide a grid for interpreting the why, what and how of the conflict. This book asks how public support for the deployment of military troops to Afghanistan was garnered, sustained or lost in thirteen contributing nations. Public attitudes in the US, Canada, Australia and Europe towards the use of military force were greatly shaped by the cohesiveness and content of the strategic narratives employed by national policy-makers. Assessing the ability of countries to craft a successful strategic narrative, the book addresses the following key areas: 1) how governments employ strategic narratives to gain public support; 2) how strategic narratives develop during the course of the conflict; 3) how these narratives are disseminated, framed and perceived through various media outlets; 4) how domestic audiences respond to strategic narratives; 5) how this interplay is conditioned by both events on the ground, in Afghanistan, and by structural elements of the domestic political systems. This book will be of much interest to students of international intervention, foreign policy, political communication, international security, strategic studies and IR in general.

The Missing Martyrs

Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199831726
Size: 78.14 MB
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Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world--many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom--why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? In this startlingly counterintuitive book, a leading authority on Islamic movements demonstrates that terrorist groups are thoroughly marginal in the Muslim world. Charles Kurzman draws on government sources, public opinion surveys, election results, and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world. He finds that young Muslims are indeed angry with what they see as imperialism--and especially at Western support for local dictatorships. But revolutionary Islamists have failed to reach them, as can be seen from the terrorists' own websites and publications, which constantly bemoan the dearth of willing recruits. Kurzman notes that it takes only a small cadre of committed killers to wreak unspeakable havoc. But that very fact underscores his point. As easy as terrorism is to commit, few Muslims turn to violence. Out of 140,000 murders in the United States since 9/11, Islamist terrorists have killed at most three dozen people. Of the 150,000 people who die each day, worldwide, Islamist militants account for fewer than fifty fatalities--and only ten per day outside of the hotspots of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. The real bulwark against Islamist violence, Kurzman finds, is Muslims themselves, who reject both the goals of the terrorists and their bloody means. With each bombing, the terrorists lose support among Muslims. Incisive and authoritative, The Missing Martyrs provides much-needed corrective to deep-seated and destructive misconceptions about Muslims and the Islamic world. The threat of Islamist terrorism is real, Kurzman shows, but its dimensions are, so far, tightly confined.

World In Crisis

Author: Médicins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134969295
Size: 40.87 MB
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The tragedies of war, famine, disease and poverty continue to dominate our headlines. Faced with such tragedy, the politics, ethics, even the economics of humanitarian aid are becoming more complex. The role of relief agencies, the political will of the West, the reponsibilities of the international community for war crimes and human rights - these are all issues at the heart of contemporary humanitarian aid. World in Crisis - describing the plight of refugees and civilians caught up in war zones in both First and Third Worlds, the homeless, Gypsies, and AIDS/HIV groups in Europe and North America - highlights what can be done to alleviate human suffering in the future. The book concludes with reports from the frontline of the world's main conflict zones, in Bosnia, Liberia/Sierra Leone, Chechnya, Rwanda/Burundi and Sudan. Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders is the world's largest independent organization for emergency medical aid. Through 25 years of action, the organization has become famous for bringing swift and direct aid to peoples affected by war and natural disaster, regardless of government consent.

Die Schlafwandler

Author: Christopher Clark
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641118778
Size: 59.52 MB
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Bahnbrechende neue Erkenntnisse über den Weg in den Ersten Weltkrieg 1914 Lange Zeit galt es als ausgemacht, dass das deutsche Kaiserreich wegen seiner Großmachtträume die Hauptverantwortung am Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs trug. In seinem bahnbrechenden neuen Werk kommt der renommierte Historiker und Bestsellerautor Christopher Clark (Preußen) zu einer anderen Einschätzung. Clark beschreibt minutiös die Interessen und Motivationen der wichtigsten politischen Akteure in den europäischen Metropolen und zeichnet das Bild einer komplexen Welt, in der gegenseitiges Misstrauen, Fehleinschätzungen, Überheblichkeit, Expansionspläne und nationalistische Bestrebungen zu einer Situation führten, in der ein Funke genügte, den Krieg auszulösen, dessen verheerende Folgen kaum jemand abzuschätzen vermochte. Schon jetzt zeigt sich, dass »Die Schlafwandler« eine der wichtigsten Neuerscheinungen zum 100. Jahrestag des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkriegs sein wird.

Die Ganze Geschichte

Author: Yanis Varoufakis
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956142187
Size: 64.82 MB
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Als griechischer Finanzminister löste Varoufakis eine der spektakulärsten und kontroversesten Auseinandersetzungen der jüngsten politischen Geschichte aus, als er versuchte, die Beziehung seines Landes mit der EU neu zu verhandeln. Trotz der massenhaften Unterstützung seitens der griechischen Bevölkerung und der bestechend einfachen Logik seiner Argumente – dass die gigantischen Kredite und die damit verbundene Sparpolitik, die seinem bankrotten Land aufgezwungen wurden, eine zerstörerische Wirkung haben – hatte Varoufakis nur in einem Erfolg: Europas politisches und mediales Establishment in Rage zu versetzen. Aber die wahre Geschichte der damaligen Geschehnisse ist beinahe unbekannt, weil so vieles in der EU hinter verschlossenen Türen stattfindet. In diesem couragierten Bericht deckt Varoufakis alles auf und erzählt die ganze Geschichte von waghalsiger Politik, von Heuchelei, Betrug und Verrat, die das Establishment in den Grundfesten erschüttern wird. Dieses Buch ist ein Weckruf, die europäische Demokratie zu erneuern, bevor es zu spät ist.

Blue Helmets And Black Markets

Author: Peter Andreas
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801457041
Size: 55.62 MB
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The 1992-1995 battle for Sarajevo was the longest siege in modern history. It was also the most internationalized, attracting a vast contingent of aid workers, UN soldiers, journalists, smugglers, and embargo-busters. The city took center stage under an intense global media spotlight, becoming the most visible face of post-Cold War conflict and humanitarian intervention. However, some critical activities took place backstage, away from the cameras, including extensive clandestine trading across the siege lines, theft and diversion of aid, and complicity in the black market by peacekeeping forces. In Blue Helmets and Black Markets, Peter Andreas traces the interaction between these formal front-stage and informal backstage activities, arguing that this created and sustained a criminalized war economy and prolonged the conflict in a manner that served various interests on all sides. Although the vast majority of Sarajevans struggled for daily survival and lived in a state of terror, the siege was highly rewarding for some key local and international players. This situation also left a powerful legacy for postwar reconstruction: new elites emerged via war profiteering and an illicit economy flourished partly based on the smuggling networks built up during wartime. Andreas shows how and why the internationalization of the siege changed the repertoires of siege-craft and siege defenses and altered the strategic calculations of both the besiegers and the besieged. The Sarajevo experience dramatically illustrates that just as changes in weapons technologies transformed siege warfare through the ages, so too has the arrival of CNN, NGOs, satellite phones, UN peacekeepers, and aid convoys. Drawing on interviews, reportage, diaries, memoirs, and other sources, Andreas documents the business of survival in wartime Sarajevo and the limits, contradictions, and unintended consequences of international intervention. Concluding with a comparison of the battle for Sarajevo with the sieges of Leningrad, Grozny, and Srebrenica, and, more recently, Falluja, Blue Helmets and Black Markets is a major contribution to our understanding of contemporary urban warfare, war economies, and the political repercussions of humanitarian action.

Democracies And Foreign Policy

Author: Bernard Cecil Cohen
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299146405
Size: 12.11 MB
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In Democracies and Foreign Policy, however, Bernard Cohen offers the first detailed comparison of two Western democracies--the United States and the Netherlands--and their patterns of public participation in foreign policy. To assess the influence of citizens on the foreign policies of each nation, he examines the institutions that both shape and express public opinion--national legislative bodies, media of communication, organized interest groups--and searches for the roots of these institutions in the national political systems. Cohen's thought-provoking results demand a reassessment of aspects of foreign-policy making that have been taken for granted in each of these countries. Cohen finds, for example, that within the United States the media have significant power in setting agendas, while the political parties remain relatively mute on foreign-policy issues. In the Netherlands, on the other hand, the media have a lesser role, with the government instead sampling the opinion of the more outspoken political parties and party members. The Dutch Foreign Ministry, remaining walled off from the public, has a much freer hand in foreign policy. Cohen also finds that the U.S. State Department is much more sensitive to public opinion than its Dutch counterpart but, surprisingly, is less successful in understanding and coping with demands from its public.

From Peacekeeping To Peacemaking

Author: Nicholas Gammer
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773522053
Size: 76.71 MB
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From Peacekeeping to Peacemaking provides the first extensive examination of Canada's response to the recent disintegration of the Federal State of Yugoslavia. Nicholas Gammer reflects on how Canadian foreign policy was made and on the role of the prime minister in this decisionmaking, showing that Brian Mulroney, closely supported by his secretary of state for external affairs, used his office to seize the opportunity to redefine international standards on humanitarian intervention and initiate a shift in Canadian foreign policy. Gammer shows that Mulroney took considerable risks in doing this, ignoring the conventional wisdom that it was folly to become involved in the age-old ethnic conflicts of the former Yugoslavia. Given the support of the Mulroney government, many of the Canadian units under the United Nations in Yugoslavia were willing to bend the United Nations' rules of engagement when confronting Muslim, Serb, and Croat forces, establishing Srebrenica as a Muslim safe haven and defending it against Serb attacks. The Chretien government, however, assumed a more cautious policy. Gammer shows how understanding the government's role in this particular crisis contributes to our understanding of the role that political leadership plays in shaping Canadian foreign policy in general, as well as advancing our knowledge of the broader theoretical debates surrounding the legitimacy and effectiveness of humanitarian intervention in the internal affairs of state.