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International Trade Factor Movements And The Environment

Author: Chair of International Economics Department of Economics Michael Rauscher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198290506
Size: 34.68 MB
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Trade and the environment has become a major area of international political dispute. This study investigates the interdependencies between environmental policies and international trade policies.* Does liberalization of international goods and factor markets cause environmental disruption and welfare losses? * Will countries institute lax ecological regulations to favour their domestic producers? * Should trade restrictions be used for environmental reasons and can environmental policy instruments be used to achieve trade-related objectives? * Should there be what the author terms a `green GATT'?The approach is mainly theoretical, and uses traditional trade models like Hekscher--Ohlin as well as non-competitive models of the `new' trade theory and public choice. Some other important but often neglected aspects, such as trade in hazardous wastes and the foreign debt problem, with thepossibility of debt-for-nature swaps, are also considered. Finally International Trade, Factor Movements, and the Environment addresses institutional issues on both national and international levels.The book will be essential reading for all international and environmental economists.

Konomie Und Kologie

Author: Alfred Maußner
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
ISBN: 9783428495481
Size: 11.38 MB
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Dieses Buch ist einem akademischen Lehrer und Forscher gewidmet, dessen Werk ein breites Spektrum aufweist, das sich entlang der Zeitachse merklich von rein ökonomischen hin zu ökologisch motivierten Fragestellungen verschoben hat. Joachim Klaus hat das Preisniveau in die postkeynesianische Wachstumstheorie integriert, hat Arbeiten zur Globalsteuerung geschrieben, ist den Ursachen der Krise auf dem Arbeitsmarkt nachgegangen, hat Vorschläge für eine umweltökonomische Gesamtrechnung formuliert und sich dem Naturschutz gewidmet. Sein umfassendes Wissen hat er in zahlreichen Lehrbüchern dem akademischen Nachwuchs verfügbar gemacht. Sein Ruf als Umweltökonom und Spezialist für wasserwirtschaftliche Nutzen-Kosten-Analysen reicht weit über nationale Grenzen hinaus und machte ihn zu einem vielbeanspruchten Berater und Gutachter.Die Beiträge in dieser Festschrift gruppieren sich um die von Joachim Klaus bearbeiteten Themengebiete und dokumentieren auf diese Weise seine Vielfältigkeit. Der Leser findet theoretisch und empirisch orientierte Arbeiten aus dem Bereich der Wachstumstheorie und Wachstumspolitik, Beiträge, die sich mit der Frage der monetären Steuerung der Wirtschaft befassen, Überlegungen zur Lohnpolitik und nicht zuletzt viele Arbeiten aus dem Bereich der Umweltpolitik. Zu den Verfassern der Beiträge zählen enge Kollegen, Freunde, wissenschaftliche Wegbegleiter und Schüler von Joachim Klaus.

Trade And The Environment

Author: Brian R. Copeland
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850703
Size: 51.21 MB
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Nowhere has the divide between advocates and critics of globalization been more striking than in debates over free trade and the environment. And yet the literature on the subject is high on rhetoric and low on results. This book is the first to systematically investigate the subject using both economic theory and empirical analysis. Brian Copeland and Scott Taylor establish a powerful theoretical framework for examining the impact of international trade on local pollution levels, and use it to offer a uniquely integrated treatment of the links between economic growth, liberalized trade, and the environment. The results will surprise many. The authors set out the two leading theories linking international trade to environmental outcomes, develop the empirical implications, and examine their validity using data on measured sulfur dioxide concentrations from over 100 cities worldwide during the period from 1971 to 1986. The empirical results are provocative. For an average country in the sample, free trade is good for the environment. There is little evidence that developing countries will specialize in pollution-intensive products with further trade. In fact, the results suggest just the opposite: free trade will shift pollution-intensive goods production from poor countries with lax regulation to rich countries with tight regulation, thereby lowering world pollution. The results also suggest that pollution declines amid economic growth fueled by economy-wide technological progress but rises when growth is fueled by capital accumulation alone. Lucidly argued and authoritatively written, this book will provide students and researchers of international trade and environmental economics a more reliable way of thinking about this contentious issue, and the methodological tools with which to do so.

Rules For The Global Economy

Author: Horst Siebert
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400830725
Size: 55.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Rules for the Global Economy is a timely examination of the conditions under which international rules of globalization come into existence, enabling world economic and financial systems to function and stabilize. Horst Siebert, a leading figure in international economics, explains that these institutional arrangements, such as the ones that govern banking, emerge when countries fail to solve economic problems on their own and cede part of their sovereignty to an international order. Siebert demonstrates that the rules result from a trial-and-error process--and usually after a crisis--in order to prevent pointless transaction costs and risks. Using an accessible and nonmathematical approach, Siebert links the rules to four areas: international trade relations, factor movements, financial flows, and the environment. He looks at the international division of labor in the trade of goods and services; flow of capital; diffusion of technology; migration of people, including labor and human capital; protection of the global environment; and stability of the monetary-financial system. He discusses the role of ethical norms and human rights in defining international regulations, and argues that the benefits of any rules system should be direct and visible. Comprehensively supporting rules-based interactions among international players, the book considers future issues of the global rules system.

Handbook Of Environmental And Resource Economics

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. Van den Bergh
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1843768585
Size: 67.85 MB
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This major reference book comprises specially commissioned surveys in environmental and resource economics written by an international team of experts. Authoritative yet accessible, each entry provides a state-of-the-art summary of key areas that will be invaluable to researchers, practitioners and advanced students.

New Directions In The Economic Theory Of The Environment

Author: Carlo Carraro
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521118910
Size: 18.57 MB
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First published in 1997, this volume addressed the growing preoccupation of scientists at the time had in environmental phenomena, such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rains, fresh water and ocean pollution, desertification, deforestation and the loss of bio-diversity. The crucial and pressing nature of these issues spawned says the author a new wave of research in environmental economics. The volume provides broad surveys of the developments in the economics of the environment and reports on the developing set of environmental problems, analytical tools and economic policies. The importance of the developing approach was that environmental problems are no longer isolated from all other economic dimensions. Throughout the volume they are analysed in an open, generally non-competitive economy with transnational or global externalities. The first part deals with the relationship between the environment, economic growth and technological innovation. The second part analyses the optimal design of environmental taxation, while the third part considers the international dimension of environmental policy.