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Intracellular Traffic And Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author: Peter H. St.George-Hyslop
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540879412
Size: 76.36 MB
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Many adult onset neurodegenerative diseases arise from the accumulation of misfolded peptides. This book examines the role sub-cellular trafficking pathways play in the pathological accumulation of these misfolded proteins and in attempts to clear them.

Two Faces Of Evil Cancer And Neurodegeneration

Author: Thomas Curran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642166020
Size: 55.47 MB
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Homeostasis involves a delicate interplay between generative and degenerative processes to maintain a stable internal environment. In biological systems, equilibrium is established and controlled through a series of negative feedback mechanisms driven by a range of signal transduction processes. Failures in these complex communication pathways result in instability leading to disease. Cancer represents a state of imbalance caused by an excess of cell proliferation. In contrast, neurodegeneration is a consequence of excessive cell loss in the nervous system. Both of these disorders exhort profound tolls on humanity and they have been subject to a great deal of research designed to ameliorate this suffering. For the most part, the topics have been viewed as distinct and rarely do opportunities arise for transdisciplinary discussions among experts in both fields. However, cancer and neurodegeneration represent yin-yang counterpoints in the regulation of cell growth, and it is reasonable to hypothesize that key regulatory events mediated by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in cancer may also affect neurodegenerative processes

Alzheimer S Disease

Author: George Perry
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586036195
Size: 44.18 MB
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"This is the book edition of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, Volume 9, No.3 Supplement (2006)"--T.p. verso.

Cellular Mechanisms In Alzheimer S Disease

Author: Fernando A. Oliveira
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1681087154
Size: 14.80 MB
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Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the product of the slow and progressive degenerative alteration that develops in the adult brain and can remain asymptomatic for a considerable time before cognitive deficits becomes evident. The main challenge for researchers is to identify markers of this degenerative process, and, in this sense, data has been generated through experiments bringing to light new mechanisms and hypothesis to explain its pathophysiology. This book is a review of recent studies in AD molecular biology. Chapters explain various facets of AD, which include animal models, morphological changes, membrane composition, amyloidogenic peptides, intracellular transport systems, and the role of oxidative stress and calcium deregulation. Readers will understand the molecular mechanisms behind AD and therefore broaden their perspective on this neurodegenerative disease and its progression.

Alzheimer 100 Years And Beyond

Author: Mathias Jucker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540376526
Size: 52.58 MB
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Few medical or scientific addresses have so unmistakeably made history as the presentation delivered by Alois Alzheimer on November 4, 1906 in Tübingen. The celebratory event "Alzheimer 100 Years and Beyond" was organized through the Alzheimer community in Germany and worldwide, in collaboration with the Fondation Ipsen. This volume, a collection of articles by the invited speakers and of a few other prominent researchers, is published as a record of those events.

Synaptic Plasticity And The Mechanism Of Alzheimer S Disease

Author: Dennis J. Selkoe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540763307
Size: 45.74 MB
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A biochemical hypothesis - that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive cerebral amyloidosis caused by the aggregation of the amyloid b-protein (Ab) - preceded and enabled the discovery of etiologies. This volume serves as a record focused on bringing together investigators at the forefront of elucidating the structure and function of hippocampal synapses with investigators focused on understanding how early assemblies of Ab may compromise some of these synapses.

Metals And Neurodegeneration Restoring The Balance

Author: Anthony R. White
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889197395
Size: 32.60 MB
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Biometals such as copper, zinc and iron have key biological functions, however, aberrant metabolism can lead to detrimental effects on cell function and survival. These biometals have important roles in the brain, driving cellular respiration, antioxidant activity, intracellular signaling and many additional structural and enzymatic functions. There is now considerable evidence that abnormal biometal homeostasis is a key feature of many neurodegenerative diseases and may have an important role in the onset and progression of disorders such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, prion and motor neuron diseases. Recent studies also support biometal roles in a number of less common neurodegenerative disorders. The role of biometals in a growing list of brain disorders is supported by evidence from a wide range of sources including molecular genetics, biochemical studies and biometal imaging. These studies have spurred a growing interest in understanding the role of biometals in brain function and disease as well as the development of therapeutic approaches that may be able to restore the altered biometal chemistry of the brain. These approaches range from genetic manipulation of biometal transport to chelation of excess metals or delivery of metals where levels are deficient. A number of these approaches are offering promising results in cellular and animal models of neurodegeneration with successful translation to pre-clinical and clinical trials. At a time of aging populations and slow progress in development of neurotherapeutics to treat age-related neurodegenerative diseases, there is now a critical need to further our understanding of biometals in neurodegeneration. This issue covers a broad range of topics related to biometals and their role in neurodegeneration. It is hoped that this will inspire greater discussion and exchange of ideas in this crucial area of research and lead to positive outcomes for sufferers of these neurodegenerative diseases.