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Introduction To Contact Mechanics

Author: Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387681884
Size: 48.42 MB
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This book deals with the mechanics of solid bodies in contact, a subject intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity. Coverage begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and the fracture of brittle solids. It then provides a detailed description of indentation stress fields for both elastic and elastic-plastic contact. In addition, the book discusses the formation of Hertzian cone cracks in brittle materials, subsurface damage in ductile materials, and the meaning of hardness. Coverage concludes with an overview of practical methods of indentation testing.

Nanostructured Coatings

Author: Albano Cavaleiro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387487565
Size: 11.30 MB
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This book delivers practical insight into a broad range of fields related to hard coatings, from their deposition and characterization up to the hardening and deformation mechanisms allowing the interpretation of results. The text examines relationships between structure/microstructure and mechanical properties from fundamental concepts, through types of coatings, to characterization techniques. The authors explore the search for coatings that can satisfy the criteria for successful implementation in real mechanical applications.

Biomechanics Of Soft Tissues

Author: Adil Al Mayah
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351135813
Size: 21.26 MB
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This book addresses the need of practitioners and researchers in the biomedical sciences to better understand the principles of biomechanics of soft tissue. This book will thoroughly incorporate a number of applications and examples of biomechanics both from an engineering and clinical standpoint. It starts with the fundamental of soft tissues biology and structures. This is followed by providing the basic biomechanical principles such as stress-strain relationship of tissues defining mechanical parameters. In turn, this paves the way for the incorporation of appropriate applications such as radiotherapy, surgery and diagnostics.

Nanoindentation

Author: Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441998729
Size: 22.10 MB
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Nanoindentation, Third Edition gives a detailed account of the most up-to-date research in this important field of materials testing. As in previous editions, extensive theoretical treatments are provided and explained in a clear and consistent manner that will satisfy both experienced and novice scientists and engineers. Additionally, numerous examples of the applications of the technique are provided directly from manufacturers of nanoindentation instruments. A helpful series of appendices provides essential reference information that includes a list of frequently asked questions. The new edition has been restructured to provide results of the latest research and developments in the field of mechanical testing while retaining the essential background and introductory, but authoritative nature, of the previous editions. The new edition also expands on the instrumentation and applications chapters by including material sourced direct from the instrument manufacturers in this field. Aimed at graduate student level, this book is designed to fill a need associated with the use of nanoindentation as a quantitative test method for mechanical properties of small volumes of materials.

Introduction To Computational Contact Mechanics

Author: Alexander Konyukhov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111877065X
Size: 31.39 MB
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Introduction to Computational Contact Mechanics: A Geometrical ApproachAlexander Konyukhov and Ridvan Izi - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany"Introduction to Computational Contact Mechanics: A Geometrical Approach" covers the fundamentals of computational contact mechanics and focuses on its practical implementation. Part one of this textbook focuses on the underlying theory and covers essential information about differential geometry and mathematical methods which are necessary to build the computational algorithm independently from other courses in mechanics. The geometrically exact theory for the computational contact mechanics is described in step-by-step manner, using examples of strict derivation from a mathematical point of view. The final goal of the theory is to construct in the independent approximation form /so-called covariant form, including application to high-order and isogeometric finite elements. The second part of a book is a practical guide for programming of contact elements and is written in such a way that makes it easy for a programmer to implement using any programming language. All programming examples are accompanied by a set of verification examples allowing the user to learn the research verification technique, essential for the computational contact analysis.Key features: Covers the fundamentals of computational contact mechanics Covers practical programming, verification and analysis of contact problems Presents the geometrically exact theory for computational contact mechanics Describes algorithms used in well-known finite element software packages Describes modeling of forces as an inverse contact algorithm Includes practical exercises Contains unique verification examples such as the generalized Euler formula for a rope on a surface, and the impact problem and verification of thе percussion center Accompanied by a website hosting software "Introduction to Computational Contact Mechanics: A Geometrical Approach" is an ideal textbook for graduates and senior undergraduates, and is also a useful reference for researchers and practitioners working in computational mechanics.

Numerical Methods In Contact Mechanics

Author: Vladislav A. Yastrebov
Publisher: Wiley-ISTE
ISBN: 9781848215191
Size: 70.89 MB
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Computational contact mechanics is a broad topic which brings together algorithmic, geometrical, optimization and numerical aspects for a robust, fast and accurate treatment of contact problems. This book covers all the basic ingredients of contact and computational contact mechanics: from efficient contact detection algorithms and classical optimization methods to new developments in contact kinematics and resolution schemes for both sequential and parallel computer architectures. The book is self-contained and intended for people working on the implementation and improvement of contact algorithms in a finite element software. Using a new tensor algebra, the authors introduce some original notions in contact kinematics and extend the classical formulation of contact elements. Some classical and new resolution methods for contact problems and associated ready-to-implement expressions are provided. Contents: 1. Introduction to Computational Contact. 2. Geometry in Contact Mechanics. 3. Contact Detection. 4. Formulation of Contact Problems. 5. Numerical Procedures. 6. Numerical Examples. About the Authors Vladislav A. Yastrebov is a postdoctoral-fellow in Computational Solid Mechanics at MINES ParisTech in France. His work in computational contact mechanics was recognized by the CSMA award and by the Prix Paul Caseau of the French Academy of Technology and Electricité de France.

Fundamentals Of Surface Mechanics

Author: Frederick F. Ling
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387217762
Size: 12.47 MB
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Provides a rigorous derivation of surface properties such as temperature and deformation using continuum mechanics; Discussion is animated by the authors' decades of experience in experimental mechanics; Includes many techniologically motivated problems, solutions and computer solutions

Contact Mechanics

Author: J.A.C. Martins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402008115
Size: 47.37 MB
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This volume contains 44 papers presented at the Third Contact Mechanics International Symposium (CMIS 2001) held in Praia da Consola9ao, Peniche (portugal), June 17-21,2001. This Symposium was the direct continuation of the first two CMIS held in Lausanne (1992) and in Carry-Le-Rouet (1994). Other related meetings, in what concerns scientific topics and participants, took place in the nineties at La Grande Motte (1990), Vadstena (1996), Ferrara (1997), Munich (1998) and Grenoble (1999). The Symposium aimed at gathering researchers with interests in a wide range of topics in theoretical, computational and experimental contact mechanics. The call for papers mentioned topics in tribology, mathematical formulations and analysis, numerical methods in non-smooth mechanics, impact problems, instabilities and technological problems. The total number of participants was 102, from Universities and Research Institutes of 19 countries. The Scientific Committee reviewed 102 submitted abstracts, and the final program consisted of 6 main lectures, 43 oral communications and 36 poster presentations (see Appendix A). The papers in this book correspond to almost all the main lectures and oral communications, and they are assembled in 5 chapters: • Dynamics and Impact • Instabilities, Oscillations and Waves • Contact Models, Results and Applications • Mathematical Analysis • Numerical Methods. We thank all the authors for their valuable contributions to this volume. We are indebted to the members of the Scientific Committee for their help in refereeing the submitted abstracts and manuscripts. We also thank the Series editor, Prof. Graham Gladwell, for his assistance in the revision process.

Electromechanical Sensors And Actuators

Author: Ilene J. Busch-Vishniac
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461214343
Size: 21.98 MB
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Unlike other treatments of sensors or actuators, this book approaches the devices from the point of view of the fundamental coupling mechanism between the electrical and mechanical behaviour. The principles of operation of the solenoid are the same in both cases, and this book thus treats them together. It begins with a discussion of systems analysis as a tool for modelling transducers, before turning to a detailed discussion of transduction mechanisms. The whole is rounded off by an input/output analysis of transducers.