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Introduction To The Statistical Physics Of Integrable Many Body Systems

Author: Ladislav Šamaj
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107067669
Size: 20.33 MB
Format: PDF
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Including topics not traditionally covered in literature, such as (1+1)-dimensional QFT and classical 2D Coulomb gases, this book considers a wide range of models and demonstrates a number of situations to which they can be applied. Beginning with a treatise of nonrelativistic 1D continuum Fermi and Bose quantum gases of identical spinless particles, the book describes the quantum inverse scattering method and the analysis of the related Yang–Baxter equation and integrable quantum Heisenberg models. It also discusses systems within condensed matter physics, the complete solution of the sine-Gordon model and modern trends in the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz. Each chapter concludes with problems and solutions to help consolidate the reader's understanding of the theory and its applications. Basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and equilibrium statistical physics is assumed, making this book suitable for graduate students and researchers in statistical physics, quantum mechanics and mathematical and theoretical physics.

Quantum Many Body Systems In One Dimension

Author: Zachary N C Ha
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814500372
Size: 14.80 MB
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The main theme of the book is the intimate connection between the two families of exactly solvable models: the inverse-square exchange (ISE) and the nearest-neighbor exchange (NNE) models. The latter are better known as the Bethe-Ansatz solvable models and include the Heisenberg spin chain, t–J models and Hubbard models. The former, the Calogero–Sutherland family of models, are simple to solve and contain essentially the same physics as the NNE family. The author introduces and discusses current topics, such as the Luttinger liquid concept, fractional statistics, and spin–charge separation, in the context of the explicit models. Contents:IntroductionHeisenberg Spin ChainThe 1D Hubbard ModelModels with Inverse-Square ExchangeStrings in Long-Range Interaction ModelElementary Excitations of t-J ModelFractional Statistics in One-Dimension: View from an Exactly Solvable ModelConcluding Remarks Readership: Graduate students, researchers in statistical mechanics, mathematical physics and condensed matter physics. keywords:Quantum;Many-Body;One;Inverse Square;Exchange;Luttinger;Fractional Statistics

New Developments Of Integrable Systems And Long Ranged Interaction Models

Author: Ge Mo-lin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814549754
Size: 70.78 MB
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This textbook, pitched at the advanced-undergraduate to beginning-graduate level, focuses on mathematical topics of relevance in contemporary physics that are not usually covered in texts at the same level. Its main purpose is to help students appreciate and take advantage of the modern trend of very productive symbiosis between physics and mathematics. Three major areas are covered: (1) linear operators; (2) group representations and Lie algebra representations; (3) topology and differential geometry.The following are noteworthy features of this book: the style of exposition is a fusion of those common in the standard physics and mathematics literatures; the level of exposition varies from quite elementary to moderately advanced, so that the book is of interest to a wide audience; despite the diversity of the topics covered, there is a strong degree of thematic unity; much care is devoted to detailed cross-referencing so that, from any part of the book, the reader can trace easily where specific concepts or techniques are introduced.

Modern Theories Of Many Particle Systems In Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Daniel C. Cabra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642104487
Size: 63.75 MB
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Condensed matter systems where interactions are strong are inherently difficult to analyze theoretically. The situation is particularly interesting in low-dimensional systems, where quantum fluctuations play a crucial role. Here, the development of non-perturbative methods and the study of integrable field theory have facilitated the understanding of the behavior of many quasi one- and two-dimensional strongly correlated systems. In view of the same rapid development that has taken place for both experimental and numerical techniques, as well as the emergence of novel testing-grounds such as cold atoms or graphene, the current understanding of strongly correlated condensed matter systems differs quite considerably from standard textbook presentations. The present volume of lecture notes aims to fill this gap in the literature by providing a collection of authoritative tutorial reviews, covering such topics as quantum phase transitions of antiferromagnets and cuprate-based high-temperature superconductors, electronic liquid crystal phases, graphene physics, dynamical mean field theory applied to strongly correlated systems, transport through quantum dots, quantum information perspectives on many-body physics, frustrated magnetism, statistical mechanics of classical and quantum computational complexity, and integrable methods in statistical field theory. As both graduate-level text and authoritative reference on this topic, this book will benefit newcomers and more experienced researchers in this field alike.

Probability And Statistical Physics In St Petersburg

Author: V. Sidoravicius
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470422484
Size: 26.76 MB
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This book brings a reader to the cutting edge of several important directions of the contemporary probability theory, which in many cases are strongly motivated by problems in statistical physics. The authors of these articles are leading experts in the field and the reader will get an exceptional panorama of the field from the point of view of scientists who played, and continue to play, a pivotal role in the development of the new methods and ideas, interlinking it with geometry, complex analysis, conformal field theory, etc., making modern probability one of the most vibrant areas in mathematics.

Introduction To Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

Author: Constantino Tsallis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387853588
Size: 10.82 MB
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Metaphors, generalizations and unifications are natural and desirable ingredients of the evolution of scientific theories and concepts. Physics, in particular, obviously walks along these paths since its very beginning. This book focuses on nonextensive statistical mechanics, a current generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) statistical mechanics, one of the greatest monuments of contemporary physics. Conceived more than 130 years ago by Maxwell, Boltzmann and Gibbs, the BG theory exhibits uncountable – some of them impressive – successes in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and computational sciences, to name a few. Presently, more than two thousand publications, by over 1800 scientists around the world, have been dedicated to the nonextensive generalization. Remarkable applications have emerged, and its mathematical grounding is by now relatively well established. A pedagogical introduction to its concepts – nonlinear dynamics, extensivity of the nonadditive entropy, global correlations, generalization of the standard CLT’s, among others – is presented in this book as well as a selection of paradigmatic applications in various sciences together with diversified experimental verifications of some of its predictions. This is the first pedagogical book on the subject, written by the proponent of the theory Presents many applications to interdisciplinary complex phenomena in virtually all sciences, ranging from physics to medicine, from economics to biology, through signal and image processing and others Offers a detailed derivation of results, illustrations and for the first time detailed presentation of Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

A Kinetic View Of Statistical Physics

Author: Pavel L. Krapivsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139493345
Size: 39.25 MB
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Aimed at graduate students, this book explores some of the core phenomena in non-equilibrium statistical physics. It focuses on the development and application of theoretical methods to help students develop their problem-solving skills. The book begins with microscopic transport processes: diffusion, collision-driven phenomena, and exclusion. It then presents the kinetics of aggregation, fragmentation and adsorption, where the basic phenomenology and solution techniques are emphasized. The following chapters cover kinetic spin systems, both from a discrete and a continuum perspective, the role of disorder in non-equilibrium processes, hysteresis from the non-equilibrium perspective, the kinetics of chemical reactions, and the properties of complex networks. The book contains 200 exercises to test students' understanding of the subject. A link to a website hosted by the authors, containing supplementary material including solutions to some of the exercises, can be found at www.cambridge.org/9780521851039.

Many Body Physics Topology And Geometry

Author: Siddhartha Sen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981467818X
Size: 28.90 MB
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The book explains concepts and ideas of mathematics and physics that are relevant for advanced students and researchers of condensed matter physics. With this aim, a brief intuitive introduction to many-body theory is given as a powerful qualitative tool for understanding complex systems. The important emergent concept of a quasiparticle is then introduced as a way to reduce a many-body problem to a single particle quantum problem. Examples of quasiparticles in graphene, superconductors, superfluids and in a topological insulator on a superconductor are discussed. The mathematical idea of self-adjoint extension, which allows short distance information to be included in an effective long distance theory through boundary conditions, is introduced through simple examples and then applied extensively to analyse and predict new physical consequences for graphene. The mathematical discipline of topology is introduced in an intuitive way and is then combined with the methods of differential geometry to show how the emergence of gapless states can be understood. Practical ways of carrying out topological calculations are described. Contents:OverviewMany-Body TheoryTopology and GeometryBoundary Conditions and Self-Adjoint ExtensionsElectronic Properties of Graphene Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Key Features:Topics are of current interest, e.g. graphene, topological insulators, Majorana fermionsIs self-contained and provides all the background material necessary to understand the physical or mathematical concepts discussedPractical ways of using topology, self-adjoint extensions as well as ways of making qualitative estimates in physics are explained and then illustrated by examplesKeywords:Condensed Matter Physics;Topology;Differential Geometry;Many-Body Problem;Graphene;Self-Adjoint Extensions;K-Theory;Quasiparticles;Superconductivity;Superfluidity;Topological Insulator;Mathematical Physics

A Guide To Monte Carlo Simulations In Statistical Physics

Author: David P. Landau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316062635
Size: 70.81 MB
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Dealing with all aspects of Monte Carlo simulation of complex physical systems encountered in condensed-matter physics and statistical mechanics, this book provides an introduction to computer simulations in physics. This fourth edition contains extensive new material describing numerous powerful algorithms not covered in previous editions, in some cases representing new developments that have only recently appeared. Older methodologies whose impact was previously unclear or unappreciated are also introduced, in addition to many small revisions that bring the text and cited literature up to date. This edition also introduces the use of petascale computing facilities in the Monte Carlo arena. Throughout the book there are many applications, examples, recipes, case studies, and exercises to help the reader understand the material. It is ideal for graduate students and researchers, both in academia and industry, who want to learn techniques that have become a third tool of physical science, complementing experiment and analytical theory.