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Introduction To World Vegetation

Author: P.E. Collinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401539359
Size: 65.25 MB
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A textbook (1st ed., 1978) presenting a wide range of information for students of ecology, geography, and biogeography.

An Introduction To Vegetation Analysis

Author: David R. Causton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401197377
Size: 37.78 MB
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TO VEGETATION ANALYSIS Principles, practice and interpretation D.R. CAUSTON Department oj Botany and Microbiology, University College oj Wales, Aberystwyth London UNWIN HYMAN Boston Sydney Wellington © D.R. Causton, 1988 This book is copyriaht under the Berne Convention. No reproduction without permission. All rights reserved. Published by the Academic Division of UIlWiB H ... Ltd IS/17 Broadwick Street, London WIV IFP, UK Allen" Unwin Inc., 8 Winchester Place, Winchester, Mass. 01890, USA Allen" Unwin (Australia) Ltd, 8 Napier Street, North Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia Allen" Unwin (New Zealand) Ltd in association with the Port Nicholson Press Ltd, 60 Cambridge Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand First published in 1988 British Libnry Cataloguing in Publication Data Causton, David R. An introduction to vegetation analysis: principles, practice and intepretation. I. Botany-Ecology-Mathematics I. Title S81.S'247 QK901 ISBN 978-94-011-9739-7 Libnry of Congress Cataloging-In-Publlcation Data Causton, David R. An introduction to vegetation analysis. Bibli()JJ'aphy: p. Includes index. I. Botany-EcoIOlY-Methodology. 2. Plant communities-Ilesearch-Methodology. 3. Vegetation surveys. 4. Vegetation classilication. I. Title. QK90I.C33 1987 581.S 87-19327 ISBN 978-94-011-9739-7 ISBN 978-94-011-9737-3 (eBook) DOl 10.1007/978-94-011-9737-3 Typeset in 10 on 12 point Times by Mathematical Composition Setters Ltd, Salisbury Preface This book has been written to help students and their teachers, at various levels, to understand the principles, some of the methods, and ways of interpreting vegetational and environmental data acquired in the field.

The Natural Vegetation Of North America

Author: John L. Vankat
Publisher: New York ; Toronto : Wiley
ISBN:
Size: 71.45 MB
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Describes the major vegetation types of North America and their ecological basis, emphasizing such environmental factors as climate, soil, topography, and fire. Part 1 outlines the basics of vegetation science (such as composition, structure, function); Part II considers each type of vegetation in terms of the background material in Part I. Examines major plant communities and dominant species, emphasizing species adaption to show the interrelationship between vegetation and environment. Each vegetation chapter concludes with a section on human impact. Includes suggested readings and over 125 illustrations.

Ecology Of World Vegetation

Author: O.W. Archibold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401100098
Size: 61.65 MB
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The ecology of world vegetation is described in numer all of the drafting and photographic work. They have ous books and journals, but these are usually very spe spent many hours on this project and their care and skill cialized in their scope and treatment. This book provides is reflected in the consistently high quality of the illus a synthesis of this literature. A brief introductory chap trations throughout the book. Many friends and col ter outlines general ecological concepts and subsequent leagues have provided photographs. It has not been chapters examine the form and function of the major possible to include all of them, but the 'global' perspect biomes of the world. A similar organization has been ive of the book has been greatly enhanced in this way. used for each biome type. These chapters begin with a I wish to thank them all for the time and trouble they description of environmental conditions and a brief have taken to supply this material. I must also thank account of floristic diversity in a regional context. The Mary Dykes and the staff of the interlibrary loans de remaining pages describe characteristic adaptations and partment of the Library, University of Saskatchewan, ecosystem processes. for their unfailing ability to get even the most obscure Although there is a rapidly growing literature on eco references.

Vegetation And Soils

Author: S. R. Eyre
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351300105
Size: 43.25 MB
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Vegetation and Soils is an introduction to the study of vegetation and soil distribution. In this accessible work, S. R. Eyre describes the distributions of these two important elements in the landscape. The book progresses regionally, and the land areas of the earth are subdivided according to the distribution of their main vegetation and soil types. The author argues that the nature of the soil is not determined by vegetation any more than it is determined by climate, but the nature of the vegetation always has some bearing on the nature of the soil, and vice versa.Eyre studies the ways in which plant communities and soil profiles develop and the complexity of the vegetation-climatic relationship. The middle and high latitudes are examined, as well as the tropical regions. In order to avoid broad generalizations of vast regions, the example of the British Isles is used to show that vegetation and soil maps can be misleading on a continental scale. The book concludes with a series of vegetation maps, which show the distribution of plant formations. Also included are tables providing climatic correlations with vegetation and a glossary of relevant terms.This classic work shows the intimate connection between vegetation development and soil development. For this reason, this book is a major contribution to the study of the physical aspects of geography and will be of particular interest to students of geography, botany, and agriculture.

Macroclimate And Plant Forms

Author: Elgene E. O. Box
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400986807
Size: 76.39 MB
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This study arose out ofthe old question of what actually determines vegetation structure and distributions. Is climate the overriding control, as one would suppose from reading the more geographically oriented literature? Or is climate only incidental, as suggested by more site and/ or taxon-oriented writers? The question might be phrased more realistically: How much does climate control vegetation processes, structures, and distributions? It seemed to me, as an ambitious doctoral student, that one way to attempt an answer might be to try to predict world vegetation from climate alone and then compare the predicted results with actual vegetation patterns. If climatic data were sufficient to reproduce the world's actual vegetation patterns, then one could conclude that climate is the main control. This book represents an expanded, second-generation version of that original thesis. It presents world-scale vegetation and ecoclimatic models and a methodology for applying such models to predict vegetation and for evaluating model results. This approach also provides a means of geographical simulation of vegetation patterns and changes, which represent necessary data inputs in other fields such as atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycling. It has been fairly well accepted that climatic and other environmental conditions are associated with the evolution of particular aspects of plant form (convergent evolution). The particular configurations of plant size, photosynthetic surface area and structure (e. g. sclerophylly, stomatal 'resistance'), and their seasonal variations represent what one can recognize fairly readily as distinct growth forms.

An Introduction To Plant Ecology

Author: A.G. Tansley
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788171412037
Size: 41.41 MB
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This book promises to give a new stimulus to the teaching of elementary botany, for it breaks away from the traditional method and approaches the subject from a new angle. The treatment throughout in this book is eminently clear and the suggestion for&practical work&excellent. Contents: Part I: Introductory, Part II: Structure, Distribution and Development of Vegetation, Part III: Methods of studying Vegetation, Part IV: The Habitat, Part V: Ecological Work in Schools.

An Introduction To Global Environmental Issues

Author: Lewis A. Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134769202
Size: 66.58 MB
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An Introduction to Global Environmental Issues presents a comprehensive and stimulating introduction to the key environmental issues presently threatening our global environment. Offering an authoritative introduction to the key topics, a source of latest environmental information, and an innovative stimulus for debate, this is an essential book for all those studying or concerned with global environmental issues. Major global environmental issues are brought into focus. Explanations of the evolution of the earth's natural systems (hydrosphere, biosphere, geosphere, ecosphere) provide an essential understanding of the scientific concepts, processes and historical background to environmental issues. Contemporary socio-economic, cultural and political considerations are explored and important conceptual approaches such as Gaian hypotheses and Chaos Theory are introduced. Human impact and management of the natural environment, and concerns for maintaining biodiversity are emphasised throughout. Specific features include: * Case studies drawn from across the world * Superb illustrations: 4-colour plate sections; a wealth of informative diagrams * Glossary of key terms, with key concepts highlighted throughout the text * Annotated guides to further reading * Chapter summaries and key points A Lecturers' Manual is available to accompany the text This 2nd Edition has been extensively revised and expanded to include many new illustrations, up-to-date data (including the latest IPCC data) and the most recent events including Khobe earthquake, French nuclear testing, the Berlin conference and the Antarctic Treaty. Sections on ecosystems, techniques, pollution, tectonics, risk and hazard mitigation, world populations, and issues of human impact and environmental management, have been particularly expanded in this new edition.