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Inventing The Internet

Author: Janet Abbate
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262261332
Size: 69.66 MB
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Since the late 1960s the Internet has grown from a single experimental network serving a dozen sites in the United States to a network of networks linking millions of computers worldwide. In Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate recounts the key players and technologies that allowed the Internet to develop; but her main focus is always on the social and cultural factors that influenced the Internets design and use. The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players, including government and military agencies, computer scientists in academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies, standards organizations, and network users.The story starts with the early networking breakthroughs formulated in Cold War think tanks and realized in the Defense Department's creation of the ARPANET. It ends with the emergence of the Internet and its rapid and seemingly chaotic growth. Abbate looks at how academic and military influences and attitudes shaped both networks; how the usual lines between producer and user of a technology were crossed with interesting and unique results; and how later users invented their own very successful applications, such as electronic mail and the World Wide Web. She concludes that such applications continue the trend of decentralized, user-driven development that has characterized the Internet's entire history and that the key to the Internet's success has been a commitment to flexibility and diversity, both in technical design and in organizational culture.

Internet Research

Author: Ned L. Fielden
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786450215
Size: 47.95 MB
Format: PDF
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To many people, the use of computers and the Internet as research tools is not a new concept. To others, though, computers are a relatively recent if necessary addition to their research toolkit. A lack of experience presents many difficulties for first-time users and others with limited computer know-how. This work, a second edition to the acclaimed Internet Research: Theory and Practice provides useful information for anyone who wants to broaden the range and scope of their research tools or anyone who wants to increase their knowledge about what is available electronically. The author discusses the following: basic methods of research using Internet protocols, Internet history, techniques for online searching, research theory and suggestions for maximizing results, mechanisms helpful in distinguishing good from bad or mediocre information, and ways for individuals to improve their research skills. Also included is an expanded discussion of Internet search engines and their operation, issues in scholarly communication and other emerging matters, and an enlarged and updated bibliography.

Fiber Optic Transmission Networks

Author: Stephan Pachnicke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642210556
Size: 60.44 MB
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Next generation optical communication systems will have to transport a significantly increased data volume at a reduced cost per transmitted bit. To achieve these ambitious goals optimum design is crucial in combination with dynamic adaptation to actual traffic demands and improved energy efficiency. In the first part of the book the author elaborates on the design of optical transmission systems. Several methods for efficient numerical simulation are presented ranging from meta-model based optimization to parallelization techniques for solving the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Furthermore, fast analytical and semi-analytical models are described to estimate the various degradation effects occurring on the transmission line. In the second part of the book operational aspects of optical networks are investigated. Physical layer impairment-aware routing and regenerator placement are studied. Finally, it is analyzed how the energy efficiency of a multi-layer optical core network can be increased by dynamic adaptation to traffic patterns changing in the course of the day.

Beyond Imported Magic

Author: Eden Medina
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027453
Size: 59.71 MB
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The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors' explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present.The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.ContributorsPedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiarán, João Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Díaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Pérez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt, Edna Suárez Díaz, Hernán Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck

Educom Review

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.91 MB
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Computing and communications in colleges and universities.

Digital Technology

Author: Chris Woodford
Publisher: Evans Brothers
ISBN: 9780237527259
Size: 38.76 MB
Format: PDF
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Examines how the digital revolution is progressing. From the basics of digitising information of various kinds to explaining how digital- based technologies work, this title looks at whether this explosion of instant information will be helpful or will invade our privacy and security. Age 13+.

The User S View Of The Internet

Author: Harry Bruce
Publisher: Scarecrow Pr
ISBN: 9780810843653
Size: 29.16 MB
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The User's View of the Internet provides the first comprehensive analysis of public access to the Internet. It considers the evolution of the Internet through the lens of use and using. It will appeal to Internet stakeholders who need to know more about the impact of the network on their audience, market, clients, users, or constituencies. These stakeholders include business, government, Internet service providers, digital service/product developers, librarians, media and publishing professionals, educators, academics, and students.

Internet Protocols

Author: Subrata Goswami
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402074769
Size: 69.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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IP technology has progressed from being a scientific topic to being one of the most popular technologies in networking. Concurrently, a number of new innovations and technological advances have been developed and brought to the marketplace. These new ideas, concepts, and products are likely to have a tremendous influence on businesses and on our everyday lives. This book addresses many of these newer technological developments and provides insights for engineers and scientists developing new technological components, devices and products. Internet Protocols (IP) covers many of the newer internet technologies being developed and explores how they are being implemented in the real world. The author examines numerous implementation details related to IP equipment and software. The material is organized by applications so that readers can better understand the uses of IP technology. Included are details of implementation issues as well as several state-of-the-art equipment and software. Unique features include coverage of: -VPN's, IKE, Mobile IP, 802.11b, 802.1x, 3G, Bluetooth, Zero-Conf, SLP, AAA, iFCP, SCTP, GSM, GPRS, CDMA2000, IPv6, DNSv6, MPLS and more. -Actual implementation strategies for routers through descriptions of Cisco 12410 GSR and Juniper M160. -IP software stack details are also included for several popular operating systems such as Windows, BSD, VxWorks and Linux. Internet Protocols will be an invaluable reference work for software engineers, hardware engineers, systems engineers and other professionals working in networking and telecommunications.