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Is Science Compatible With Free Will

Author: Antoine Suarez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461452120
Size: 40.51 MB
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Anyone who claims the right ‘to choose how to live their life’ excludes any purely deterministic description of their brain in terms of genes, chemicals or environmental influences. For example, when an author of a text expresses his thoughts, he assumes that, in typing the text, he governs the firing of the neurons in his brain and the movement of his fingers through the exercise of his own free will: what he writes is not completely pre-determined at the beginning of the universe. Yet in the field of neuroscience today, determinism dominates. There is a conflict between the daily life conviction that a human being has free will, and deterministic neuroscience. When faced with this conflict two alternative positions are possible: Either human freedom is an illusion, or deterministic neuroscience is not the last word on the brain and will eventually be superseded by a neuroscience that admits processes not completely determined by the past. This book investigates whether it is possible to have a science in which there is room for human freedom. The book generally concludes that the world and the brain are governed to some extent by non-material agencies, and limited consciousness does not abolish free will and responsibility. The authors present perspectives coming from different disciplines (Neuroscience, Quantumphysics and Philosophy) and range from those focusing on the scientific background, to those highlighting rather more a philosophical analysis. However, all chapters share a common characteristic: they take current scientific observations and data as a basis from which to draw philosophical implications. It is these features that make this volume unique, an exceptional interdisciplinary approach combining scientific strength and philosophical profundity. We are convinced that it will strongly stimulate the debate and contribute to new insights in the mind-brain relationship. ​

Unifying Causality And Psychology

Author: Gerald Young
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240943
Size: 13.80 MB
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This magistral treatise approaches the integration of psychology through the study of the multiple causes of normal and dysfunctional behavior. Causality is the focal point reviewed across disciplines. Using diverse models, the book approaches unifying psychology as an ongoing project that integrates genetics, experience, evolution, brain, development, change mechanisms, and so on. The book includes in its integration free will, epitomized as freedom in being. It pinpoints the role of the self in causality and the freedom we have in determining our own behavior. The book deals with disturbed behavior, as well, and tackles the DSM-5 approach to mental disorder and the etiology of psychopathology. Young examines all these topics with a critical eye, and gives many innovative ideas and models that will stimulate thinking on the topic of psychology and causality for decades to come. It is truly integrative and original. Among the topics covered: Models and systems of causality of behavior. Nature and nurture: evolution and complexities. Early adversity, fetal programming, and getting under the skin. Free will in psychotherapy: helping people believe. Causality in psychological injury and law: basics and critics. A Neo-Piagetian/Neo-Eriksonian 25-step (sub)stage model. Unifying Causality and Psychology appeals to the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, epidemiology, philosophy, neuroscience, genetics, law, the social sciences and humanistic fields, in general, and other mental health fields. Its level of writing makes it appropriate for graduate courses, as well as researchers and practitioners.

Free Will Action

Author: Filip Grgić
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319992953
Size: 64.20 MB
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This book consists of eleven new essays that provide new insights into classical and contemporary issues surrounding free will and human agency. They investigate topics such as the nature of practical knowledge and its role in intentional action; mental content and explanations of action; recent arguments for libertarianism; the situationist challenge to free will; freedom and a theory of narrative configuration; the moral responsibility of the psychopath; and free will and the indeterminism of quantum mechanics. Also tackling some historical precursors of contemporary debates, taken together these essays demonstrate the need for an approach that recognizes the multifaceted nature of free will. This book provides essential reading for anyone interested in the current scholarship on free will.

Von Der Quantenphysik Zum Bewusstsein

Author: Thomas Görnitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366249082X
Size: 37.19 MB
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Was verstehen wir unter Bewusstsein? Was sind die Grundprinzipien der Quantentheorie? Welcher Zusammenhang besteht zwischen beiden? In ihrem neuen Buch erläutern Brigitte und Thomas Görnitz ausführlich das Konzept der „Protyposis“, einer abstrakten Quanteninformation. Diese einfachste Quantenstruktur bildet die Basis für eine zur Einheit führende naturwissenschaftliche Beschreibung sowohl der Materie als auch des Bewusstseins. Damit wird die Trennung zwischen Leib und Seele überwunden und es wird deutlich, wie untrennbar verwoben die Bereiche der Quantentheorie und der Psychologie im Grunde sind. Das Buch führt den Leser auf eine spannende Reise zum Bewusstsein und zeigt, wie der Weg dorthin von der Kosmologie über die biologische Evolution bis zum Menschen durch die Quantentheorie verstehbar gemacht werden kann. Gemeinsam präsentieren die Autoren Themenkomplexe aus Quantentheorie, Lebenswissenschaft und Psychologie und schaffen so ein informatives Werk über die naturwissenschaftlichen Zusammenhänge der Wirklichkeit.

The Blackwell Companion To Naturalism

Author: Kelly James Clark
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118657802
Size: 11.93 MB
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The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism provides a systematic introduction to philosophical naturalism and its relation to other schools of thought. Features contributions from an international array of established and emerging scholars from across the humanities Explores the historical development of naturalism and its ascension to the dominant orthodoxy in the Western academy Juxtaposes theoretical criticisms with impassioned defenses, encapsulating contemporary debates on naturalism Includes discussions of metaphysics, realism, feminism, science, knowledge, truth, mathematics, free will, and ethics viewed through a naturalist lens

Downward Causation And The Neurobiology Of Free Will

Author: Nancey Murphy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642032044
Size: 58.27 MB
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How is free will possible in the light of the physical and chemical underpinnings of brain activity and recent neurobiological experiments? How can the emergence of complexity in hierarchical systems such as the brain, based at the lower levels in physical interactions, lead to something like genuine free will? The nature of our understanding of free will in the light of present-day neuroscience is becoming increasingly important because of remarkable discoveries on the topic being made by neuroscientists at the present time, on the one hand, and its crucial importance for the way we view ourselves as human beings, on the other. A key tool in understanding how free will may arise in this context is the idea of downward causation in complex systems, happening coterminously with bottom up causation, to form an integral whole. Top-down causation is usually neglected, and is therefore emphasized in the other part of the book’s title. The concept is explored in depth, as are the ethical and legal implications of our understanding of free will. This book arises out of a workshop held in California in April of 2007, which was chaired by Dr. Christof Koch. It was unusual in terms of the breadth of people involved: they included physicists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists, philosophers, and theologians. This enabled the meeting, and hence the resulting book, to attain a rather broader perspective on the issue than is often attained at academic symposia. The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, Nancey Murphy, William Newsome, Timothy O’Connor, Sean A.. Spence, and Evan Thompson.

Visions Of Discovery

Author: Raymond Y. Chiao
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521882397
Size: 21.85 MB
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World-leading researchers, including Nobel Laureates, explore the most basic questions of science, philosophy, and the nature of existence.

Jetzt

Author: Richard A. Muller
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104038228
Size: 72.69 MB
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Sie lesen jetzt das Wort »jetzt« – und schon ist es vergangen. Das flüchtige Dasein der Gegenwart hat Philosophen und Physiker vor die größten Rätsel gestellt: Was ist die Zeit? Und warum fließt sie? Generationen von Wissenschaftlern haben sich vergeblich um Antworten bemüht, einige haben es aufgegeben. Nicht so Richard A. Muller. Er hat eine Theorie der Zeit aufgestellt, die neu ist und experimentell überprüfbar. Um sie vorzustellen, erklärt er zunächst mit großem Geschick die physikalischen Grundkonzepte wie Relativität, Entropie, Verschränkung, Antimaterie und Urknall. Darauf aufbauend entfaltet er seine provozierend neue Sicht mit all ihren Folgen für die Philosophie oder die Frage nach der Willensfreiheit. Eine kraftvolle und überzeugende Vision für die Lösung des alten Rätsels der Zeit. »Muller hat einen bemerkenswert frischen und aufregenden Ansatz für die Erklärung der Zeit.« Saul Perlmutter, Physik-Nobelpreisträger »Ein provokatives und gut argumentiertes Buch über die Natur der Zeit.« Lee Smolin

Consciousness A Very Short Introduction

Author: Susan Blackmore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192805851
Size: 20.67 MB
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A lively introduction that combines the perspectives of philosophy, psychology and neuroscience - written by the top name in the field, Susan Blackmore.

Und Einstein Hatte Doch Recht

Author: Clifford M. Will
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642743145
Size: 49.40 MB
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Keine wissenschaftliche Theorie ist auf solche Faszination auch außerhalb der Wissenschaft gestoßen wie die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie von Albert Einstein, und keine wurde so nachdrücklich mit den Mitteln der modernen Physik überprüft. Wie hat sie diesen Test mit Raumsonden, Radioastronomie, Atomuhren und Supercomputern standgehalten? Hatte Einstein recht? Mit der Autorität des Fachmanns und dem Flair des unvoreingenommenen Erzählers schildert Clifford Will die Menschen, Ideen und Maschinen hinter den Tests der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Ohne Formeln und Fachjargon wird der leser mit Einsteins Gedanken vertraut und erfährt von der Bestätigung seiner Vorhersagen, angefangen bei der Lichtablenkung im Schwerefeld der Sonne 1919 bis zu den ausgefeilten Kreiselexperimenten auf dem Space Shuttle. Die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie hat nich nur alle diese Tests bestanden, sie hat darüber hinaus wesentlich beigetragen zu unserem Verständnis von Phänomenen wie Pulsaren, Quasaren, Schwarzen Löchern und Gravitationslinsen. Dieses Buch erzählt lebendig und spannend die Geschichte einer der größten geistigen Leistungen unserer Zeit.