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Islamic Education In The Soviet Union And Its Successor States

Author: Michael Kemper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134207301
Size: 12.85 MB
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This book provides a comparative history of Islamic education in the Soviet Union and the post-Soviet countries. Case studies on Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan and on two regions of the Russian Federation, Tatarstan and Daghestan, highlight the importance which Muslim communities in all parts of the Soviet Union attached to their formal and informal institutions of Islamic instruction. New light is shed on the continuity of pre-revolutionary educational traditions – including Jadidist ethics and teaching methods – throughout the New Economic Policy period (1921-1928), on Muslim efforts to maintain their religious schools under Stalinist repression, and on the complete institutional breakdown of the Islamic educational sector by the late 1930s. A second focus of the book is on the remarkable boom of Islamic education in the post-Soviet republics after 1991. Contrary to general assumptions on the overwhelming influence of foreign missionary activities on this revival, this study stresses the primary role of the Soviet Islamic institutions which were developed during and after the Second World War, and of the persisting regional and even international networks of Islamic teachers and muftis. Throughout the book, special attention is paid to the specific regional traditions of Islamic learning and to the teachers’ affiliations with Islamic legal schools and Sufi brotherhoods. The book thus testifies to the astounding dynamics of Islamic education under rapidly changing and oftentimes extremely harsh political conditions.

Islam In Central Asia And The Caucasus Since The Fall Of The Soviet Union

Author: Bayram Balci
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190050195
Size: 61.85 MB
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With the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, a major turning point in all former Soviet republics, Central Asian and Caucasian countries began to reflect on their history and identities. As a consequence of their opening up to the global exchange of ideas, various strains of Islam and trends in Islamic thought have nourished the Islamic revival that had already started in the context of glasnost and perestroika--from Turkey, Iran, the Arabian Peninsula, and from the Indian subcontinent; the four regions with strong ties to Central Asian and Caucasian Islam in the years before Soviet occupation. Bayram Balci seeks to analyse how these new Islamic influences have reached local societies and how they have interacted with pre-existing religious belief and practice. Combining exceptional erudition with rare first-hand research, Balci's book provides a sophisticated account of both the internal dynamics and external influences in the evolution of Islam in the region.

Repression Anpassung Neuorientierung

Author: Michael Kemper
Publisher: Dr Ludwig Reichert
ISBN: 9783895009167
Size: 68.12 MB
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English summary: How did Islam survive in the Soviet Union, how did Muslims re-establish Islam in the post-Soviet public sphere? In specific case studies and longitudinal surveys, senior specialists from the area and two German junior scholars analyze the fate of Islamic elites and Sufi brotherhoods, Islamic educational institutions and village courts, as well as the Muslim press, in Tatarstan, Azerbaijan, Daghestan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, from 1917 to the early 2000s. German description: Die in diesem Band versammelten Studien beschaftigen sich mit der Entwicklung der islamischen Glaubensinhalte und rechtlich-moralischen Werte und Normen in verschiedenen Regionen der ehemaligen Sowjetunion, insbesondere in Russland (Tatarstan), im Kaukasus (Aserbaidschan und Dagestan) und in Mittelasien (Usbekistan und Tadschikistan). Im Vordergrund stehen die unterbrochene oder abgebrochene religiose Tradierung, die Diversitat des regionalen Islams, und staatliche Repressionsmassnahmen sowie Prozesse der Anpassung und Neuorientierung in sowjetischer Zeit wie nach dem Ende der Sowjetunion. Die einzelnen Fallstudien basieren auf neu zuganglichem Archivmaterial oder auf Feldforschungsergebnissen. Zum grossen Teil entstanden die Studien im Rahmen eines von der Volkswagen-Stiftung geforderten Projekts zur islamischen Bildung im sowjetischen und postsowjetischen Raum.