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The Activist Advocate

Author: Charles S. Lopeman
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275964559
Size: 30.80 MB
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Examines the impact of judicial activists in state supreme courts.

Group Creativity

Author: Paul B. Paulus
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019028725X
Size: 15.80 MB
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Creativity often leads to the development of original ideas that are useful or influential, and maintaining creativity is crucial for the continued development of organizations in particular and society in general. Most research and writing has focused on individual creativity. Yet, in recent years there has been an increasing acknowledgment of the importance of the social and contextual factors in creativity. Even with the information explosion and the growing necessity for specialization, the development of innovations still requires group interaction at various stages in the creative process. Most organizations increasingly rely on the work of creative teams where each individual is an expert in a particular area. This volume summarizes the exciting new research developments on the processes involved in group creativity and innovation, and explores the relationship between group processes, group context, and creativity. It draws from a broad range of research perspectives, including those investigating cognition, groups, creativity, information systems, and organizational psychology. These different perspectives have been brought together in one volume in order to focus attention on this developing literature and its implications for theory and application. The chapters in this volume are organized into two sections. The first focuses on how group decision making is affected by factors such as cognitive fixation and flexibility, group diversity, minority dissent, group decision-making, brainstorming, and group support systems. Special attention is devoted to the various processes and conditions that can inhibit or facilitate group creativity. The second section explores how various contextual and environmental factors affect the creative processes of groups. The chapters explore issues of group autonomy, group socialization, mentoring, team innovation, knowledge transfer, and creativity at the level of cultures and societies. The research presented in this section makes it clear that a full understanding of group creativity cannot be accomplished without adequate attention to the group environment. It will be a useful source of information for scholars, practitioners, and students wishing to understand and facilitate group creativity.

Analyzing The Role Of Cognitive Biases In The Decision Making Process

Author: Juárez Ramos, Verónica
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522529799
Size: 38.61 MB
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Decision making or making judgments is an essential function in the ordinary life of any individual. Decisions can often be made easily, but sometimes, it can be difficult due to conflict, uncertainty, or ambiguity of the variables required to make the decision. As human beings, we constantly have to decide between different activities such as occupational, recreational, political, economic, etc. These decisions can be transcendental or inconsequential. Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision-Making Process presents comprehensive research focusing on cognitive shortcuts in the decision-making process. While highlighting topics including jumping to conclusion bias, personality traits, and theoretical models, this book is ideally designed for mental health professionals, psychologists, sociologists, managers, academicians, researchers, and upper-level students seeking current research on cognitive biases that affect individual decision making in daily life.

The Daily Washington Law Reporter

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.78 MB
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Vols. for 1902- include decisions of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and various other courts of the District of Columbia.

The Oxford Companion To The Supreme Court Of The United States

Author: Kermit L. Hall
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195176618
Size: 77.15 MB
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The second edition of this authoritative guide on the impact of the Supreme Court's decisions on American society includes updated entries on key cases over the past thirteen years, as well as a fully revised treatment of areas of constitutional law.

Direct Democracy And The Courts

Author: Kenneth P. Miller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139482777
Size: 32.28 MB
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Who should have the last word on fundamental policy issues? This book analyzes the rise of two contenders - the people, through direct democracy, and the courts. Now available in nearly half the states, direct democracy has surged in recent decades. Through ballot measures, voters have slashed taxes, mandated government spending, imposed term limits on elected officials, enacted campaign finance reform, barred affirmative action, banned same-sex marriage, and adopted many other controversial laws. In several states, citizens now bypass legislatures to make the most important policy decisions. However, the 'people's rule' is not absolute. This book demonstrates that courts have used an expanding power of judicial review to invalidate citizen-enacted laws at remarkably high rates. The resulting conflict between the people and the courts threatens to produce a popular backlash against judges and raises profound questions about the proper scope of popular sovereignty and judicial power in a constitutional system.

The Supreme Court

Author: Lawrence Baum
Publisher: CQ-Roll Call Group Books
ISBN:
Size: 33.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Supreme Court provides a complete concise guide to how the Supreme Court operates today -- appropriate for all readers from novices to experts in the field. Baum examines how the Court determines which cases it accepts for decision, its decision-making process, the policies it makes, and the impact of its decisions on American society. This new edition highlights: the Court's move to the political center -- especially the influence of Breyer, Ginsburg and Souter; important trends in the Court's operations and decision making; and Web access to Court decisions.