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John Quincy Adams

Author: James Traub
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465098797
Size: 31.85 MB
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"Penetrating, detailed, and very readable. . . . A splendid biography." --Wall Street Journal Few figures in American history have held as many roles in public life as John Quincy Adams. The son of John Adams, he was a brilliant ambassador and secretary of state, a frustrated president, and a dedicated congressman who staunchly opposed slavery. In John Quincy Adams, scholar and journalist James Traub draws on Adams's diaries, letters, and writings to evoke his numerous achievements-and failures-in office. A man of unwavering moral convictions, Adams is the father of foreign policy "realism" and one of the first proponents of the "activist government." But John Quincy Adams is first and foremost the story of a brilliant, flinty, and unyielding man whose life exemplified admirable political courage.

The Lost Founding Father John Quincy Adams And The Transformation Of American Politics

Author: William J. Cooper
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631493892
Size: 71.83 MB
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Why has John Quincy Adams been largely written out of American history when he is, in fact, our lost Founding Father? Long relegated to the sidelines of history as the hyperintellectual son of John and Abigail Adams, John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), has never basked in the historical spotlight. Remembered, if at all, as an ineffective president during an especially rancorous time, Adams was humiliated in office after the contested election of 1824, viciously assailed by populist opponents for being both slippery and effete, and then resoundingly defeated by the western war hero Andrew Jackson, whose 1828 election ushered in an era of unparalleled expansion. Aware of this reputation yet convinced that Adams deserves a reconsideration, award-winning historian William J. Cooper has reframed the sixth president’s life in an entirely original way, demonstrating that Adams should be considered our lost Founding Father, his morality and political philosophy the final link to the great visionaries who created our nation. As Cooper demonstrates, no one else in his generation—not Clay, Webster, Calhoun, or Jackson—ever experienced Europe as young Adams did, who at fourteen translated from French at the court of Catherine the Great. In fact, Adams’s very exposure to the ideas of the European Enlightenment that had so influenced the Founding Fathers, including their embrace of reason, were hardly shared by his contemporaries, particularly those who could not countenance slaves as equal human beings. Such differences, as Cooper narrates, became particularly significant after Adams’s failed presidency, when he, along with his increasingly reclusive wife, Louisa Catherine Adams, returned to Washington as a Massachusetts congressman in 1831. With his implacable foe Andrew Jackson in the White House, Adams passionately took up the antislavery cause. Despite raucous opposition from southern and northern politicians, Adams refused to relent, his protests so vehement that Congress enacted the gag rule in the 1830s specifically to silence him. With his impassioned public pronouncements and his heroic arguments in the Amistad trial, a defiant Adams was no longer viewed as a failed president but a national, albeit curmudgeonly, hero, who finally collapsed on the floor of the House chamber in 1848 and died in the capital three days later. Ironically, Adams’s death and the extraordinary obsequies produced an outpouring of national, and bipartisan, grief never before seen in the nineteenth century, as if the country had truly lost its last Founding Father. Now, in another fractious age, the courageous life of John Quincy Adams suddenly takes on renewed vigor and meaning, as William J. Cooper’s momentous biography so eloquently affirms.

Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641155487
Size: 80.50 MB
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Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

The Tsar And John Quincy Adams

Author: William Harlan Hale
Publisher: New Word City
ISBN: 1640190570
Size: 77.54 MB
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Amid the intrigue of the Russian court, John Quincy Adams took walks with Alexander I, spoke up for America, and, as historian William Harlan Hale writes in this short-form book, scored a diplomatic triumph.

John Quincy Adams And The Politics Of Slavery

Author: David Waldstreicher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199947953
Size: 41.13 MB
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In the final years of his political career, President John Quincy Adams was well known for his objections to slavery, with rival Henry Wise going so far as to label him "the acutest, the astutest, the archest enemy of southern slavery that ever existed." As a young statesman, however, he supported slavery. How did the man who in 1795 told a British cabinet officer not to speak to him of "the Virginians, the Southern people, the democrats," whom he considered "in no other light than as Americans," come to foretell "a grand struggle between slavery and freedom"? How could a committed expansionist, who would rather abandon his party and lose his U.S. Senate seat than attack Jeffersonian slave power, later come to declare the Mexican War the "apoplexy of the Constitution," a hijacking of the republic by slaveholders? What changed? Entries from Adams's personal diary, more extensive than that of any American statesman, reveal a highly dynamic and accomplished politician in engagement with one of his generation's most challenging national dilemmas. Expertly edited by David Waldstreicher and Matthew Mason, John Quincy Adams and the Politics of Slavery offers an unusual perspective on the dramatic and shifting politics of slavery in the early republic, as it moved from the margins to the center of public life and from the shadows to the substance of Adams's politics. The editors provide a lucid introduction to the collection as a whole and frame the individual documents with brief and engaging insights, rendering both Adams's life and the controversies over slavery into a mutually illuminating narrative. By juxtaposing Adams's personal reflections on slavery with what he said-and did not say-publicly on the issue, the editors offer a nuanced portrait of how he interacted with prevailing ideologies during his consequential career and life. John Quincy Adams and the Politics of Slavery is an invaluable contribution to our understanding of the complicated politics of slavery that set the groundwork for the Civil War.

1944

Author: Jay Winik
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783806234749
Size: 38.62 MB
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Der Ruf Der B Ume

Author: Tracy Chevalier
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 364119170X
Size: 35.79 MB
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Auf der Suche nach einer neuen Heimat – die große Familiensaga von Tracy Chevalier Amerika, Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts: Die Goodenoughs träumen von fruchtbarem Ackerland im Westen, bleiben aber mit ihrem Planwagen kläglich im Sumpfland von Ohio stecken. Der verzweifelte Versuch, hier eine Apfelplantage anzulegen, endet tragisch. Fasziniert von Erzählungen über Bäume, die angeblich in den Himmel wachsen, zieht der jüngste Sohn Robert weiter westwärts, bis nach Kalifornien. Doch am Ziel seiner Träume wird er von seiner tragischen Familiengeschichte eingeholt.

Irenas Liste Oder Das Geheimnis Des Apfelbaums

Author: Tilar J. Mazzeo
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641165709
Size: 70.92 MB
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Was vermag ein einzelner Mensch gegen die Grauen einer ganzen Epoche auszurichten? Eine Menge, wie die wahre Geschichte Irena Sendlers zeigt: Warschau, 1942. Als Sozialarbeiterin hat die junge Polin Zugang zum hermetisch abgeriegelten Ghetto. Was niemand weiß: Sie geht von Tür zu Tür, um verzweifelten Eltern ihre Hilfe anzubieten und ihre Kinder vor der Deportation und dem sicheren Tod zu retten. Unter abenteuerlichsten Umständen schmuggelt Irena nach und nach über 2500 Kinder aus dem Ghetto - in Säcken, Kisten und Särgen, mit Schlafmitteln betäubt, durch Keller und Abwasserkanäle. Mit gefälschten Papieren gibt sie den Kindern eine neue Identität und verschafft ihnen in polnischen Familien, bei Freunden, Waisenhäusern und Klöstern ein neues Zuhause. Die Namen der geretteten Kinder notiert sie und vergräbt die Liste unter einem Apfelbaum. Selbst als die Gestapo sie fasst und foltert, gibt sie ihr Geheimnis nicht preis und überlebt wie durch ein Wunder. Die Geschichte einer fast vergessenen Heldin - neu erzählt auf der Gundlange jahrelanger Recherchen und Interviews mit Überlebenden. Zutiefst berührend, spannend wie ein Roman und zugleich unglaublich inspirierend.

Wie Demokratien Sterben

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Size: 35.84 MB
Format: PDF
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.