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Jupiter

Author: John W. McAnally
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846287275
Size: 26.72 MB
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With the increasing sensitivity of the equipment available to the home astronomer, and increasing interest in celestial bodies, this Springer series is a huge helping hand to skywatchers who want to hone their skills. Astronomers' observing guides provide up-to-date information for amateur astronomers who want to know all about what it is they are observing. This is the basis of the first part of the book. The second part details observation techniques for practical astronomers, working with a range of different instruments. The book reviews the latest findings and satellite observations of Jupiter, as well as presenting superb pictures of Jupiter taken by McAnally himself, who proceeds to explain to the reader how to arrive at such beautiful results.

The Observer S Guide To Astronomy

Author: Patrick Martinez
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521379458
Size: 75.26 MB
Format: PDF
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How can you find new minor planets, comets and novae? How can you use photoelectric detectors to derive the temperatures of stars? And how can you predict future eclipses and occultations of stars by minor planets? The questions asked by serious amateur astronomers are answered in this authoritative and wide-ranging guide, first published in 1994. For each topic, sound practical methods of observation and the scientific background are given to lead you to better observations. Guidelines also show you how to record and catalogue your observations using the recognised professional terminology and classification schemes. From the simplest pencil drawings of the moon to observations of the most distant galaxies with state-of-the-art CCD cameras and photoelectric photometers, this guide is packed with practical tips for all types of amateur observations. It will develop the observational skills of the keen novice and satisfy the more demanding needs of the experienced amateur astronomer.

The Radio Sky And How To Observe It

Author: Jeff Lashley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781441908834
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Radio astronomy is far from being beyond the scope of amateurs astronomers, and this practical, self-contained guide for the newcomer to practical radio astronomey is an ideal introduction. This guide is a must for anyone who wants to join the growing ranks of 21st Century backyard radio astronomers. The first part of the book provides background material and explains (in a non-mathematical way) our present knowledge of the stronger radio sources – those observable by amateurs – including the Sun, Jupiter, Meteors, Galactic and extra-galactic sources. The second part of the book deals not only with observing, but – assuming no prior technical knowledge of electronics or radio theory – takes the reader step-by-step through the process of building and using a backyard radio telescope. There are complete, detailed plans and construction information for a number of amateur radio telescopes, the simplest of which can be put together and working – using only simple tools – in a weekend. For other instruments, there are full details of circuit-board layouts, components to use and (vitally important in radio astronomy) how to construct antennae for radio astronomy.

Observing The Solar System

Author: Gerald North
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521897513
Size: 10.15 MB
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A practical primer for aspiring observers of the planets and other Solar System objects, written by an experienced amateur astronomer.

Viewing And Imaging The Solar System

Author: Jane Clark
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461451795
Size: 47.93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Viewing and Imaging the Solar System: A Guide for Amateur Astronomers is for those who want to develop their ability to observe and image Solar System objects, including the planets and moons, the Sun, and comets and asteroids. They might be beginners, or they may have already owned and used an astronomical telescope for a year or more. Newcomers are almost always wowed by sights such as the rings of Saturn and the moons of Jupiter, but have little idea how to find these objects for themselves (with the obvious exceptions of the Sun and Moon). They also need guidance about what equipment, besides a telescope, they will need. This book is written by an expert on the Solar System, who has had a lot of experience with outreach programs, which teach others how to make the most of relatively simple and low-cost equipment. That does not mean that this book is not for serious amateurs. On the contrary, it is designed to show amateur astronomers, in a relatively light-hearted—and math-free way—how to become serious.

The Observer S Guide To Planetary Motion

Author: Dominic Ford
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493906291
Size: 32.38 MB
Format: PDF
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To the naked eye, the most evident defining feature of the planets is their motion across the night sky. It was this motion that allowed ancient civilizations to single them out as different from fixed stars. “The Observer’s Guide to Planetary Motion” takes each planet and its moons (if it has them) in turn and describes how the geometry of the Solar System gives rise to its observed motions. Although the motions of the planets may be described as simple elliptical orbits around the Sun, we have to observe them from a particular vantage point: the Earth, which spins daily on its axis and circles around the Sun each year. The motions of the planets as observed relative to this spinning observatory take on more complicated patterns. Periodically, objects become prominent in the night sky for a few weeks or months, while at other times they pass too close to the Sun to be observed. “The Observer’s Guide to Planetary Motion” provides accurate tables of the best time for observing each planet, together with other notable events in their orbits, helping amateur astronomers plan when and what to observe. Uniquely each of the chapters includes extensive explanatory text, relating the events listed to the physical geometry of the Solar System. Along the way, many questions are answered: Why does Mars take over two years between apparitions (the times when it is visible from Earth) in the night sky, while Uranus and Neptune take almost exactly a year? Why do planets appear higher in the night sky when they’re visible in the winter months? Why do Saturn’s rings appear to open and close every 15 years? This book places seemingly disparate astronomical events into an understandable three-dimensional structure, enabling an appreciation that, for example, very good apparitions of Mars come around roughly every 15 years and that those in 2018 and 2035 will be nearly as good as that seen in 2003. Events are listed for the time period 2010-2030 and in the case of rarer events (such as eclipses and apparitions of Mars) even longer time periods are covered. A short closing chapter describes the seasonal appearance of deep sky objects, which follow an annual cycle as a result of Earth’s orbital motion around the Sun.

Phillip S Astronomy Encyclopedia A Comprehensive And Authoritative A Z Guide To The Universe Sir Patrick Moore 2002

Author: Octopus Publishing Group
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN:
Size: 79.58 MB
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‘Mc’ is treated as if it were spelled ‘Mac’, and certain shortened forms as if spelled out in full (e.g. ‘St’ is treated as ‘Saint’). Entries that have more than one word in the heading are alphabetized as if there were no space between the words. Entries that share the same main heading are in the order of people, places and things. Entries beginning with numerals are treated as if the numerals were spelled out (e.g. 3C follows three-body problem and precedes 3C 273). An exception is made for HI region and HII region, which appear together immediately after Hirayama family. Biographies are alphabetized by surname, with first names following the comma. (Forenames are placed in parentheses if the one by which a person is commonly known is not the first.) Certain lunar and planetary features appear under the main element of names (e.g. Imbrium, Mare rather than Mare Imbrium). Cross-references SMALL CAPITALS in an article indicate a separate entry that defines and explains the word or subject capitalized. ‘See also’ at the end of an article directs the reader to entries that contain additional relevant information. Measurements Measurements are given in metric (usually SI) units, with an imperial conversion (to an appropriate accuracy) following in parentheses where appropriate. In historical contexts this convention is reversed so that, for example, the diameter of an early telescope is given first in inches. Densities, given in grams per cubic centimetre, are not converted, and neither are kilograms or tonnes. Large astronomical distances are usually given in light-years, but parsecs are sometimes used in a cosmological context. Particularly in tables, large numbers may be given in exponential form. Thus 103 is a thousand, 2 106 is two million, and so on. ‘Billion’ always means a thousand million, or 109. As is customary in astronomy, dates are expressed in the order year, month, day. Details of units of measurement, conversion factors and the principal abbreviations used in the book will be found in the tables on this page. Stellar data In almost all cases, data for stars are taken from the HIPPARCOS CATALOGUE. The very few exceptions are for instances where the catalogue contains an error of which the editors have been aware. In tables of constellations and elsewhere, the combined magnitude is given for double stars, and the average magnitude for variable stars. Star Maps pages 447–55 Acknowledgements page 456 FRONTMATTER IMAGES Endpapers: Andromeda Galaxy The largest member of the Local Group, this galaxy is the farthest object that can be seen with the naked eye. Half-title: Crab Nebula This nebula is a remnant of a supernova that exploded in the constellation of Taurus in 1054. Opposite title: M83 Blue young stars and red HII emission nebulae clearly mark out regions of star formation in this face-on spiral galaxy in Hydra. Opposite Foreword: NGC 4945 This classic disk galaxy is at a distance of 13 million l.y. Its stars are mainly confined to a flat, thin, circular region surrounding the nucleus. Opposite page 1: Earth This photograph was obtained by the Apollo 17 crew en route to the Moon in 1972 December. SYMBOLS FOR UNITS, CONSTANTS AND QUANTITIES a semimajor axis Å angstrom unit AU astronomical unit c speed of light d distance e eccentricity E energy eV electron-volt f following F focal length, force g acceleration due to gravity G gauss G gravitational constant h hour h Planck constant Ho Hubble constant Hz hertz i inclination IC Index Catalogue Jy jansky k Boltzmann constant K degrees kelvin L luminosity Ln Lagrangian points (n = 1 to 5) l.y. light-year m metre, minute m apparent magnitude, mass mbol bolometric magnitude mpg photographic magnitude mpv photovisual magnitude mv visual magnitude M absolute magnitude, mass (stellar) N newton p preceding P orbital period pc parsec q perihelion distance qo deceleration parameter Q aphelion distance r radius, distance R Roche limit s second t time T temperature (absolute), epoch (time of perihelion passage) Teff effective temperature v velocity W watt y year z redshift α constant of aberration, right ascension δ declination λ wavelength μ proper motion ν frequency π parallax ω longitude of perihelion Ω observed/critical density ratio, longitude of ascending node ° degree [1] arcminute arcsecond Distances 1 nm = 10 Å 1 inch = 25.4 mm 1 mm = 0.03937 inch 1ft = 0.3048 m 1 m = 39.37 inches = 3.2808 ft 1 mile = 1.6093 km 1 km = 0.6214 mile 1 km/s = 2237 mile/h 1 pc = 3.0857 × 1013 km = 3.2616 l.y. = 206,265 AU 1 l.y. = 9.4607 × 1012 km = 0.3066 pc = 63,240 AU Temperatures (to the nearest degree) °C to °F : 1.8, 32 °C to K : 273 °F to °C : 32, 1.8 °F to K : 1.8, 255 K to °C : 273 K to °F : 1.8, 460 Note: To convert temperature differences, rather than points on the temperature scale, ignore the additive or subtractive figure and just multiply or divide.

Twenty Five Astronomical Observations That Changed The World

Author: Michael Marett-Crosby
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461468000
Size: 51.39 MB
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"Twenty-Five Astronomical Observations That Changed the World" takes twenty-five journeys through space, back in time and into human history. We begin with the simplest sight of the Tycho Crater on the Moon, through a repeat of Galileo's observations of Jupiter's moons, and then move out towards the nebulae, stars, and galaxies. The astronomical observations repeat the original groundbreaking discoveries that have changed our understanding of science and ourselves. This title contains graded observing challenges from the straightforward to the more difficult (in chapter order). It offers clear observing tips and lots of practical help, presuming no prior in-depth knowledge of equipment. Binoculars and/or a small astronomical telescope are all that is required for most of the observations. Secondly, it explores for each observation the science of what is seen, adding to the knowledge and enjoyment of amateur astronomers and offering lots of reading for the cloudy nights when there is not a star in view. Thirdly, the book puts the amateur astronomers' observations into a wider perspective. "Twenty-Five Astronomical Observations That Changed the World" makes the observer part of that great story of discovery. Each chapter, each observing challenge, shows how to observe and then how to look with understanding. The projects begin with practicalities: where the object is, how best is it observed and with what appropriate equipment (usually a small-to-medium aperture amateur telescope, binoculars, even the naked eye). "Twenty-Five Astronomical Observations that Changed the World" guides even the inexperienced amateur astronomer - beginners can use the book - around a variety of night-sky objects, and reminds the more experienced how they can best be seen. These practical observations put us in contact with all the history and culture surrounding them: through scientific speculation and literature to those first fuzzy images made in 1959 by the Russian space probe Luna 3.

David Levy S Guide To The Night Sky

Author: David H. Levy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521797535
Size: 58.58 MB
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Inroduces beginners to amateur astronomy, describes what to look for and when--beginning with the solar system and moving on to the stars--and offers suggestions for better observations.