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Juries In The Japanese Legal System

Author: Dimitri Vanoverbeke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317487346
Size: 30.99 MB
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Trial by jury is not a fundamental part of the Japanese legal system, but there has been a recent important move towards this with the introduction in 2009 of the lay assessor system whereby lay people sit with judges in criminal trials. This book considers the debates in Japan which surround this development. It examines the political and socio-legal contexts, contrasting the view that the participation of ordinary citizens in criminal trials is an important manifestation of democracy, with the view that Japan as a society where authority is highly venerated is not natural territory for a system where lay people are likely to express views at odds with expert judges. It discusses Japan’s earlier experiments with jury trials in the late 19th Century, the period 1923-43, and up to 1970 in US-controlled Okinawa, compares developing views in Japan on this issue with views in other countries, where dissatisfaction with the jury system is often evident, and concludes by assessing how the new system in Japan is working out and how it is likely to develop.

Developing Eu Japan Relations In A Changing Regional Context

Author: Dimitri Vanoverbeke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351664948
Size: 47.29 MB
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Relations between the EU and East Asia have consistently expanded in recent years, particularly between the EU and Japan. Against the background of negotiations on an economic and strategic partnership agreement, the EU–Japan relationship is set to become the single most comprehensive ‘region-to-state’ relationship the world has known today, accounting for more than a third of world GDP and a combined population of more than 600 million people. This book addresses the potential role of the EU, in cooperation with Japan, to craft a stable and prosperous mode of governance in the Asian region. In today’s globalized world seemingly defined by waxing Chinese power and waning American power, the book reflects the lack of appreciation for an EU-Japan concert in maintaining and developing multilateral principles. It aims towards fortifying this relationship by acknowledging that in order to enhance the credibility and capabilities of such an alliance, it is necessary to take stock of where the partnership stands today, what kind of obstacles still need to be overcome and which options have been left untouched. By introducing state-of-the-art empirical research in multiple fields, this book will be of key interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative regionalism, the European Union and Japanese politics.

Who Judges

Author: Rieko Kage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107194695
Size: 68.71 MB
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Who Judges? is the first book to explain why different states design their new jury systems in markedly different ways.

Politics And Constitutions In Southeast Asia

Author: Marco Bünte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317537661
Size: 44.71 MB
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In recent years the constitutional landscape of Southeast Asia has changed tremendously. Against a worldwide background of liberalization, globalization, and democratization, states in the region have begun to alter their constitutions, reinforcing human rights provisions, and putting in place institutional safeguards, such as constitutional courts and human rights commissions. On closer examination, however, the picture is very complex, with constitutional developments differing greatly between states. This book explores a range of current constitutional developments in the different states of Southeast Asia through a distinct political lens. Drawing on comparative and single case studies, it considers various constitutional areas, including constitution drafting, human rights, legal safeguards and the continuing role of the military, sets constitutional developments in the wider political and historical context of each country, and makes comparisons both with Western democracies and with other developing regions. The book concludes by assessing overall how far constitutional practices and trajectories are converging towards a liberal Western model or towards a distinctly Southeast Asian model.

Governance Im 21 Jahrhundert

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264589360
Size: 55.45 MB
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Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Exploring Vulnerability

Author: Günter Thomas
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647540633
Size: 55.60 MB
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Vulnerability is an essential but also an intriguing ambiguous part of the human condition. This book con-ceptualizes vulnerability to be a fundamental threat and deficit and at the same time to be a powerful resource for transformation.The exploration is undertaken in multidisciplinary perspectives and approaches the human condition in fruitful conversations with medical, psychological, legal, theological, political and philosophical investiga-tions of vulnerability.The multidisciplinary approach opens the space for a broad variety of deeply interrelated topics. Thus, vulnerability is analyzed with respect to diverse aspects of human and social life, such as violence and power, the body and social institutions. Theologically questions of sin and redemption and eventually the nature of the Divine are taken up. Throughout the book phenomenological descriptions are combined with necessary conceptual clarifications. The contributions seek to illuminate the relation between vulnerability as a fundamental unavoidable condition and contingent actualizations related to specific dangers and risks. The core thesis of the book can be seen within its multi-perspectivity: A sound concept of vulnerability is key to a realistic, that is to say neither negative nor illusionary anthropology, to an honest post-theistic understanding of God and eventually to a deeply humanistic understanding of social life.

Technikfolgen Absch Tzen Lehren

Author: Marc Dusseldorp
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531934686
Size: 71.25 MB
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Technikfolgenabschätzung (TA) ist ein relativ junges transdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld, das sich – ausgehend von der wissenschaftlichen Politikberatung und der außeruniversitären Forschung – in den letzten Jahrzehnten auch an den Hochschulen etabliert hat. Im Zuge dessen ist die Hochschullehre zu einer zentralen Aufgabe für die TA geworden. Bislang jedoch hat sich dies erst in geringem Maße in einer systematischen Reflexion der TA-Lehre niedergeschlagen. Hier setzen die AutorInnen an, indem sie Begründungsrahmen, Fallstudien und Formen curricularer Einbettung von TA-Lehre zur Diskussion stellen. Dabei steht die These im Mittelpunkt, dass sich die TA durch einen inhärenten Bildungscharakter auszeichnet, der sich insbesondere in ihren transdisziplinären Methoden zeigt. Dies lässt eine methodenbasierte Lehre vielversprechend erscheinen – sowohl in der TA als auch in anderen transdisziplinären Feldern.

Die Kreative Gesellschaft Des 21 Jahrhunderts

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264187707
Size: 70.93 MB
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Drei fundamentale Antriebskräfte bestimmen die Grundlagen der Gesellschaft von morgen: - zunehmende soziale Diversität - tiefgreifende Umwälzungen der Wirtschaftsstrukturen - rasche Globalisierung.

Us Rechtspraxis

Author: Kirk W. Junker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3899498100
Size: 50.89 MB
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Das Handbuch US-Rechtspraxis wendet sich sowohl an deutsche Anwälte als auch an international tätige Unternehmen, die mit dem US-amerikanischen Recht in der Praxis in Berührung kommen. Thematisch umfasst die Darstellung die wesentlichen Grundzüge des US-amerikanischen Prozess- und Vertragsrechts. Darüber hinaus beinhaltet dieses Werk weitere wichtige Fachgebiete wie das Umweltrecht und das Seerecht sowie neue Rechtsgebiete wie das Lebensmittelrecht. Zahlreiche Formulierungsmuster und Praxistipps unterstützen bei der Anwendung und Umsetzung.

Gesund Altern Individuelle Und Gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen

Author: Johannes Schröder
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
ISBN: 9783825361037
Size: 53.97 MB
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Der demographische Wandel wird in der offentlichen Debatte uberwiegend als eine Bedrohung dargestellt. Ohne die Probleme einer alternden Gesellschaft zu negieren, zeigt der vorliegende Sammelband dagegen auf, welche Chancen und Moglichkeiten in dieser Entwicklung liegen. So geht die steigende Lebenserwartung einher mit der Entwicklung, dass auch die Leistungsfahigkeit alterer Menschen besser und langer erhalten bleibt. Diese Entwicklung konnte durch praventive Massnahmen unterstutzt werden, die bei der Lebensfuhrung des Einzelnen als auch bei den gesellschaftlichen, politischen und kulturellen Rahmenbedingungen ansetzen. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit wird der Pravention demenzieller Erkrankungen und der Bedeutung von sozial- und gesundheitspolitischen Massnahmen gewidmet. Dabei kommen Experten aus den Bereichen Neurowissenschaften, Gerontologie, Psychologie, Soziologie, Okonomie, Linguistik, Kulturwissenschaft und Politik zu Wort.