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Justice And Security In The 21st Century

Author: Barbara Hudson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136451021
Size: 72.99 MB
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This book examines the question of whether justice or security is the primary virtue of 21st-century society. The issue of enhancing security without undermining justice – managing risk without undermining the rule of law – has always been problematic. However, recent developments such as new counter-terrorism measures, the expanding scope of criminal law, harsher migration control and an increasingly pronounced concern with public safety, have posed new challenges. The key element of these contemporary challenges is that of membership and exclusion: that is, who is to be included within the community of justice, and against whom is the just community aiming to defend itself? Justice and Security in the 21st Century brings together researchers from various academic disciplines and different countries in order to explore these developments. It attempts to chart the complex landscapes of justice, human rights and the rule of law in an era when such ideals are challenged by increasing demands for efficiency, effectiveness, public safety and security. This edited volume will be of much interest to students of critical legal studies, criminology, critical security studies, human rights, sociology and IR in general.

Human Rights Of Migrants In The 21st Century

Author: Elspeth Guild
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351382799
Size: 34.91 MB
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This book offers an accessible examination of the human rights of migrants in the context of the UN’s negotiations in 2018. This volume has two main contributions. Firstly, it is designed to inform the negotiations on the UN’s Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration announced by the New York Declaration of the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2016. Second, it intends to assist officials, lawyers and academics to ensure that the human rights of migrants are fully respected by state authorities and international organisations and safeguarded by national and supranational courts across the globe. The overall objective of this book is to clarify problem areas which migrants encounter as non-citizens of the state where they are and how international human rights obligations of those states provide solutions. It defines the existing international human rights of migrants and provides the source of States’ obligations. In order to provide a clear and useful guide to the existing human rights of migrants, the volume examines these rights from the perspective of the migrant: what situations do people encounter as their status changes from citizen (in their own country) to migrant (in a foreign state), and how do human rights provide legal entitlements regarding their treatment by a foreign state? This book will be of much interest to students of migration, human rights, international law and international relations.

The Right To Liberty And Security Versus Counter Terrorism Under International Law

Author: Shimels Sisay Belete
Publisher: BOD GmbH DE
ISBN: 3745869966
Size: 79.41 MB
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Particularly in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attack, the threat of terrorism, however, defined, has been invoked as a common ‘justification’ in the pursuit of remodelling policies, laws, and institutions, both at the international and in the domestic politico-legal showground. The broader central theme that this book explores is the normative vibe under which the present-day counterterrorism discourse is construed and sculpted in the legislative and institutional structures of an authoritarian state where the political power and government institutions are functioning under a single-party-monopolised system. Presenting the Ethiopian legislative and institutional frameworks as a case study, the book critically reflects on the extent that the international legal and/or institutional counterterrorism response is sensitised in a manner lessening the risk of conflating authoritarian regime’s unbearable reactions to citizens’ legitimate demands and resistances against its repression vis-àvis that of its response to the common threat of international terrorism. In particular, the book ponders whether or not the range of the substantive and procedural aspects of the Ethiopian antiterrorism legislative and institutional frameworks are wrought to fit into the main objectives and standards that emanate from the pertinent international laws relating to terrorism and the international human rights law as well as the domestic constitutional law maxims.

Security And Defensive Democracy In Israel

Author: Sharon Weinblum
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317584503
Size: 21.39 MB
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This book scrutinises how political actors in the Israeli parliament (the Knesset) have articulated the security-democracy nexus in their discourses. Security crises expose political leaders to an uncomfortable dilemma: guaranteeing the safety of citizens while at the same time preserving democratic principles, basic rights and liberties. In this respect, Israel represents an archetypical case. Defining itself as a democracy, the state of Israel has been in quasi-constant conflict with its neighbouring countries while facing terror attacks repeatedly. This situation has resulted in the upholding of the state of emergency since the establishment of the state in 1948 and in the enactment of security measures that are often in conflict with democratic values. The tension between security and democracy is not a new question: it has been at the centre of political thought from Rousseau and Locke to Lasswell and Dahl and stood at the core of political debates after 9/11 and the 2005 terror attacks in London. Many studies have questioned how political actors manage this tension or how they could – properly – balance security and democracy. Yet, in spite of the abundant literature on the issue, the manner in which political actors conceptualise and frame this tension has been rarely explored. Even less has been said on the effects of this conceptualisation on the democratic regime. Drawing on discourse theory and on an innovative narrative analysis, the book examines 40 debates held in the Knesset on security-oriented laws enacted in two different contexts: the period of relative calm preceding the first Palestinian intifada (1987) and the period following the eruption of the second intifada (2000). More specifically, three types of laws and discussions are examined: laws establishing a relation between freedom of expression and security; laws linking the category of 'the enemy' to democracy; and finally those connecting the right to family unification and residence of Palestinians with terrorism. Through a comparative analysis of the political actors’ discourses in 1985 and between 2000 and 2011, the study demonstrates that two main narratives have constantly competed: on the one hand a marginal narrative anchored in basic rights and on the other a defensive democracy narrative, which has become dominant. The latter has legitimised the restriction of freedom of expression, freedom to participate in elections, freedom of movement or the right to citizenship. The book shows how the increasing dominance of the defensive democracy narrative has had a fundamental impact in reshaping the polity and the identity of Israel’s democratic regime. The analysis ultimately opens the possibility to rethink the conventional approach of the security-democracy dilemma and to reflect on processes in other states, such as the United Kingdom or the United States during different security crises. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, Israeli politics, democracy studies, political theory and IR in general.

Security Citizenship And Human Rights

Author: Derek McGhee
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN:
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This book examines counter-terrorism, immigration, citizenship, human rights, "equalities" and the shifting discourses of "shared values" and human rights in contemporary Britain.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 42.95 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Die Verfassung Moderner Strafrechtspflege

Author: Klaus Tiedemann
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft
ISBN: 9783848733699
Size: 73.36 MB
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Eine moderne, rechtsprinzipiell arbeitende Strafrechtswissenschaft, die das Verfassungsrecht als zentrales Fundament der Strafrechtspflege versteht, sieht sich mit zwei zentralen Herausforderungen konfrontiert: Strafrechtspflege wird zusehends jenseits von Nationalstaaten politisch gestaltet und praktisch betrieben. Zudem neigt moderne Strafrechtspflege dazu, einem funktionalen und dabei an regulativen Aspekten sowie Sicherheitsinteressen orientierten neuen Strafrechtsdenken Bahn zu brechen. Beides erfordert eine methodische Reflexion der Strafrechtswissenschaften: Wie soll die deutsche Strafrechtsdogmatik darauf reagieren? Wie soll sie sich gegenuber der Kriminalpolitik positionieren und gegenuber dem nationalen wie auch europaischen Verfassungsrecht offnen? Diese Fragestellungen erortert dieser Sammelband, der Beitrage der Gedenkveranstaltung fur Joachim Vogel (1963 - 2013) am 15.10.2014 und der anschliessenden internationalen Tagung am 16. und 17.10.2014 enthalt. Mit Beitragen von: RiLG Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos, Kai, RiLG, Prof. Dr. Werner Beulke, Prof. Dr. Martin Bose, Dr. Dominik Brodowski, LL.M. (UPenn), Prof. Dr. Christoph Burchard, LL.M. (NYU), Prof. Dr. Miriam Cugat Mauri, Prof. Dr. Massimo Donini, Prof. Dr. Jorg Eisele, Prof. Dr. Luigi Foffani, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Juan-Luis Gomez Colomer, Prof. Dr. Hector Hernandez Basualto, Prof. Dr. Tatjana Hornle, M.A. (Rutgers), Prof. Dr. Matthias Jahn, RiOLG, Prof. Dr. Ralf Kolbel, Dr. Matthias Korte, MinDirig, Prof. Dr. Claus Kress, Prof. Dr. William S. Laufer, Prof. Dr. Stefano Manacorda, Prof. Dr. Vittorio Manes, Prof. Dr. Adan Nieto Martin, Armin Nack, Dr. Ali B. Norouzi, Prof. Dr. Walter Perron, Prof. Dr. Helmut Satzger, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Bernd Schunemann, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Ulrich Sieber, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Jesus-Maria Silva Sanchez, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Klaus Tiedemann, Prof. Dr. Gert Vermeulen

Die Kreative Gesellschaft Des 21 Jahrhunderts

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264187707
Size: 20.51 MB
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Drei fundamentale Antriebskräfte bestimmen die Grundlagen der Gesellschaft von morgen: - zunehmende soziale Diversität - tiefgreifende Umwälzungen der Wirtschaftsstrukturen - rasche Globalisierung.