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Justice Democracy And The Right To Justification

Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1780932855
Size: 16.10 MB
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Over the past 15 years, Rainer Forst has developed a fundamental research programme within the tradition of Frankfurt School Critical Theory. The core of this programme is a moral account of the basic right of justification that humans owe to one another as rational beings. This account is put to work by Forst in articulating - both historically and philosophically - the contexts and form of justice and of toleration. The result is a powerful theoretical framework within which to address issues such as transnational justice and multicultural toleration. In this volume, Forst sets out his ideas in an extended essay, which is responded to be influential interlocutors including: Andrea Sangiovanni, Amy Allen, Kevin Olson, Anthony Laden, Eva Erman and Simon Caney. The volume concludes with Forst's response to his interlocutors.

Das Recht Auf Rechtfertigung

Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783518293621
Size: 44.86 MB
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Kann es im Zeitalter des Pluralismus noch gelingen, eine hinreichend komplexe Theorie politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit mit Hilfe eines einzigen normativen Grundsatzes zu begründen? Dieses Buch unternimmt einen solchen Versuch, indem es die wesentlichen Elemente einer 'autonomen' Konstruktion der Gerechtigkeit zusammenträgt. Grundlegend ist dabei ein individuelles, moralisches Grund-Recht auf Rechtfertigung, das in den Kapiteln des ersten Teils in moralphilosophischer Perspektive expliziert wird. Im zweiten Teil werden dann die zentralen Bestandteile politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit - hinsichtlich der Grundbegriffe von Freiheit, Demokratie, Gleichheit und Toleranz - analysiert und verknüpft. Sie fügen sich zu einer kritischen, politischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, in der die Frage der 'Rechtfertigungsmacht' zentral ist. Dies gilt auch, wie die Beiträge im dritten Teil zeigen, für die Gerechtigkeit auf transnationaler Ebene.

Normativity And Power

Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198798873
Size: 61.26 MB
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Humans are justificatory beings - they offer, demand, and require justifications. The rules and institutions they follow rest on justification narratives that have evolved over time and, taken together, constitute a dynamic and tension-laden normative order. In this collection of essays, the first translation into English of the ground-breaking Normativitat und Macht (Suhrkamp 2015), Rainer Forst presents a new approach to critical theory. Each essay reflects on the basic principles that guide our normative thinking. Forst's argument goes beyond 'ideal' and 'realist' theories and shows how closely the concepts of normativity and power are interrelated, and how power rests on the capacity to influence, determine, and possibly restrict the space of justifications for others. By combining insights from the disciplines of philosophy, history, and the social sciences, Forst revaluates theories of justice, as well as of power, and provides the tools for a critical theory of relations of justification.

Democratic Inclusion

Author: Rainer Bauböck
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1526105241
Size: 67.68 MB
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Rainer Bauböck is the world's leading theorist of transnational citizenship. He opens this volume with a question that is crucial to our thinking on citizenship in the twenty-first century: who has a claim to be included in a democratic political community? Bauböck's answer addresses the major theoretical and practical issues of the forms of citizenship and access to citizenship in different types of polity, the specification and justification of rights of non-citizen immigrants as well as non-resident citizens, and the conditions under which norms governing citizenship can legitimately vary. This argument is challenged and developed in responses by Joseph Carens, David Miller, Iseult Honohan, Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson, David Owen and Peter J. Spiro. In the concluding chapter, Bauböck replies to his critics.

The Right To Justification

Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231147082
Size: 75.11 MB
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Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification. Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice--freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration--and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues. As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.

The Power Of Tolerance

Author: Wendy Brown
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537964
Size: 72.23 MB
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We invoke the ideal of tolerance in response to conflict, but what does it mean to answer conflict with a call for tolerance? Is tolerance a way of resolving conflicts or a means of sustaining them? Does it transform conflicts into productive tensions, or does it perpetuate underlying power relations? To what extent does tolerance hide its involvement with power and act as a form of depoliticization? Wendy Brown and Rainer Forst debate the uses and misuses of tolerance, an exchange that highlights the fundamental differences in their critical practice despite a number of political similarities. Both scholars address the normative premises, limits, and political implications of various conceptions of tolerance. Brown offers a genealogical critique of contemporary discourses on tolerance in Western liberal societies, focusing on their inherent ties to colonialism and imperialism, and Forst reconstructs an intellectual history of tolerance that attempts to redeem its political virtue in democratic societies. Brown and Forst work from different perspectives and traditions, yet they each remain wary of the subjection and abnegation embodied in toleration discourses, among other issues. The result is a dialogue rich in critical and conceptual reflections on power, justice, discourse, rationality, and identity.

Dialogues With Contemporary Political Theorists

Author: G. Browning
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137271299
Size: 33.39 MB
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A lively and engaging collection which explains the various strands of political theory, identifies key futures trends and explores the foundations of contemporary debate. Features interviews with pre-eminent theorists, including Quentin Skinner, Carole Pateman and Alex Honneth.

Kritik Der Rechtfertigungsverh Ltnisse

Author: Rainer Forst
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518767402
Size: 28.85 MB
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Rainer Forst entwirft eine kritische Theorie, die unsere politische Wirklichkeit auf ihre Defizite und ihre Potentiale hin zu entschlüsseln vermag. Dazu bedarf es einer Perspektive, die sozialen und politischen Praktiken immanent ist und sie zugleich transzendiert. Forst betrachtet die Gesellschaft daher als »Rechtfertigungsordnung«, die aus Komplexen verschiedener auf Institutionen bezogener Normen und entsprechender Rechtfertigungspraktiken besteht. Eine »Kritik der Rechtfertigungsverhältnisse« hat somit die Aufgabe, Legitimationen in ihrer Geltung und Genese zu analysieren sowie die ungleiche Verteilung von »Rechtfertigungsmacht« zu thematisieren. Vom Begriff der Rechtfertigung als sozialer Grundpraxis ausgehend, entwickelt Forst eine Theorie radikaler Gerechtigkeit, der Menschenrechte und der Demokratie sowie der Macht und der Kritik selbst. Schließlich stellt er die Frage nach dem utopischen Horizont der Gesellschaftskritik.