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Kinetic Theory Of Granular Gases

Author: Nikolai V. Brilliantov
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588139
Size: 65.62 MB
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In contrast to molecular gases (for example, air), the particles of granular gases, such as a cloud of dust, lose part of their kinetic energy when they collide, giving rise to many exciting physical properties. The book provides a self-contained introduction to the theory of granular gases for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates.

Handbook Of Numerical Methods For Hyperbolic Problems

Author: Remi Abgrall
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044463911X
Size: 68.13 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Handbook on Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Problems: Applied and Modern Issues details the large amount of literature in the design, analysis, and application of various numerical algorithms for solving hyperbolic equations that has been produced in the last several decades. This volume provides concise summaries from experts in different types of algorithms, so that readers can find a variety of algorithms under different situations and become familiar with their relative advantages and limitations. Provides detailed, cutting-edge background explanations of existing algorithms and their analysis Presents a method of different algorithms for specific applications and the relative advantages and limitations of different algorithms for engineers or those involved in applications Written by leading subject experts in each field, the volumes provide breadth and depth of content coverage

Kinetic Theory And Transport Phenomena

Author: Rodrigo Soto
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191025143
Size: 34.37 MB
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One of the questions about which humanity has often wondered is the arrow of time. Why does temporal evolution seem irreversible? That is, we often see objects break into pieces, but we never see them reconstitute spontaneously. This observation was first put into scientific terms by the so-called second law of thermodynamics: entropy never decreases. However, this law does not explain the origin of irreversibly; it only quantifies it. Kinetic theory gives a consistent explanation of irreversibility based on a statistical description of the motion of electrons, atoms, and molecules. The concepts of kinetic theory have been applied to innumerable situations including electronics, the production of particles in the early universe, the dynamics of astrophysical plasmas, quantum gases or the motion of small microorganisms in water, with excellent quantitative agreement. This book presents the fundamentals of kinetic theory, considering classical paradigmatic examples as well as modern applications. It covers the most important systems where kinetic theory is applied, explaining their major features. The text is balanced between exploring the fundamental concepts of kinetic theory (irreversibility, transport processes, separation of time scales, conservations, coarse graining, distribution functions, etc.) and the results and predictions of the theory, where the relevant properties of different systems are computed.

Experimental And Computational Techniques In Soft Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Jeffrey Olafsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113948981X
Size: 71.30 MB
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Soft condensed matter physics relies on a fundamental understanding at the interface between physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering for a host of materials and circumstances that are related to, but outside, the traditional definition of condensed matter physics. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book uniquely discusses both the contemporary experimental and computational manifestations of soft condensed matter systems. From particle tracking and image analysis, novel materials and computational methods, to confocal microscopy and bacterial assays, this book will equip the reader for collaborative and interdisciplinary research efforts relating to a range of modern problems in nonlinear and non-equilibrium systems. It will enable both graduate students and experienced researchers to supplement a more traditional understanding of thermodynamics and statistical systems with knowledge of the techniques used in contemporary investigations. Color versions of a selection of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521115902.

Powders And Grains 2009

Author: Masami Nakagawa
Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
ISBN:
Size: 33.99 MB
Format: PDF
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Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the microcmechanics of granular media, powders and grains. The meetings are organized by AEMMG (Association pour L'Etude de la Micromecanique des Milieux Granulaires). Previous meetings were held in Clement-Ferrand, France (1989), Birmingham, England (1993), Durham, USA (1997), Sendai, Japan (2001), and in Stuttgart, Germany (2005). Powders & Grains distinguishes itself from other meetings on granular materials in two ways: (1) It brings together both engineers and physicists. (2) It emphasizes the micromechanics of granular materials. The conference program includes contributions from experts around the world related to the general topic of granular media.

Discrete Symmetries And Cp Violation

Author: Marco Sozzi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199296669
Size: 10.88 MB
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This book takes a fresh approach to the teaching of discrete symmetries which are central to fundamental physics: mirror symmetry, matter/anti-matter symmetry, and time reversal. It is self-contained and includes detailed discussions of relevant experiments - conveying some of the fascination and intellectual challenges of experimental physics.

Time Dependent Density Functional Theory

Author: Carsten Ullrich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199563020
Size: 44.24 MB
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Time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) is a quantum mechanical approach for the dynamical properties of electrons in matter. It's widely used in (bio)chemistry and physics to calculate molecular excitation energies and optical properties of materials. This is the first graduate-level text on the formal framework and applications of TDDFT.