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Knowledge Control And Critical Thinking In Singapore

Author: Leonel Lim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317499964
Size: 39.77 MB
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This book examines how critical thinking is regulated in Singapore through the process of what the influential sociologist of education Basil Bernstein termed "pedagogic recontextualization". The ability of critical thinking to speak to alternative possibilities and individual autonomy as well as its assumptions of a liberal arrangement of society is problematized in Singapore’s socio-political climate. By examining how such curricular discourses are taken up and enacted in the classrooms of two schools that cater to very different groups in society, the book foregrounds the role of traditional high-status knowledge in the elaboration of class formation and develops a critical understanding of post-developmental state initiatives linked to the parable of modernization in Singapore. Knowledge, Control and Critical Thinking in Singapore offers chapters on: • Critical Thinking and the Singapore State: Meritocracy, Illiberalism and Neoliberalism • Sacred Knowledge and Elite Dispositions: Recontextualizing Critical Thinking in an Elite School • Power, Knowledge and Symbolic Control: Official Pedagogic Identities and the Politics of Recontextualization This book will appeal to scholars in comparative education studies, curriculum studies and education reform. It will also interest scholars engaged in Asian studies who are struggling to understand issues of education policy formation and implementation, particularly in the areas of critical thinking and other knowledge skills.

The Strong State And Curriculum Reform

Author: Leonel Lim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317579224
Size: 57.65 MB
Format: PDF
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As Asian education systems increasingly take on a stronger presence on the global educational landscape, of special interest is an understanding of the ways in which many of these states direct their schools towards higher achievement. What is missing, however, are accounts that take seriously the particular construction of the strong, developmental state witnessed across many Asian societies, and that seek to understand the politics and possibilities of curriculum change vis a vis precisely the dominance of such a state. By engaging in analyses based on some of the best current social and cultural theories, and by illuminating the interactions among various state and non-state pedagogic agents, the chapters in this volume account for the complex post-colonial, historical and cultural consciousnesses that many Asian states and societies experience. At a time when much of the educational politics in Asia remains in a state of transition and as many of these states seek out through the curriculum new forms of social control and novel bases of political legitimacy, such a volume offers enduring insights into the real if not also always relative autonomy that schools and communities maintain in countering the hegemonic presence of strong states.

English Education At The Tertiary Level In Asia

Author: Eun Sung Park
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315391562
Size: 26.11 MB
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This is the third volume of a trilogy on English Language education in Asia within the Routledge Critical Studies in Asian Education. Put together by editors and contributors selected by Asia TEFL, this book provides a timely and critical review of the current trends in tertiary level English education in Asia. It foregrounds the developments and trends, policies and implementation, as well as research and practice. Written by ELT scholars and educational leaders, this book presents articles on China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. While the authors focus on their own local issues, providing an overview of the state of tertiary English teaching in their respective territories, they also provide insights from their successes and failures which can help inspire solutions to similar challenges faced internationally in the field. Chapters in the book include: • Heading toward the global standardization of English education in Korean universities • English in tertiary education in India: A Janus-faced perspective with special reference to University of Delhi • Developing English language skills in the Singapore higher education context • ELT at tertiary institutions in China: A developmental perspective This book will be valued by administrators, researchers and scholars interested in bilingualism, language policy and planning in higher education.

Historische Entwicklung Der Operativen F Hrung

Author: Stefan Erminger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640660129
Size: 75.42 MB
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Wissenschaftlicher Aufsatz aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Krieg und Frieden, Militär, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, das heutige Verständnis und die Bedeutung der "Operativen Führung" als Bindeglied zwischen Politik (u. Militärstrategie) und dem Einsatz von militärischen Mitteln (sowie Taktik) für die deutschen Streitkräfte aufzuzeigen, diese zu analysieren und anhand einer perspektivischen Betrachtung sich weiterentwickelnder Rahmenbedingungen zu bewerten. Nach einer geschichtlichen Herleitung der Begriffe Strategie, Taktik und Operation wird die Entwicklung des operativen Denkens sowie der Operationsführung in den deutschen Streitkräften dargestellt und dies vor allem deshalb, um die uneinheitliche Benutzung und das Verständnis der Ausdrücke Operation, operativ, operatives Denken bis hin zur Operationsführung in den verschiedenen Epochen aufzuzeigen. Hierbei kommt es darauf an, herauszustellen, wie sich das Verhältnis der Ebenen der militärischen Führung zu den militärischen Führungsebenen geändert hat. Es folgt die Ableitung der Inhalte und Merkmale operativer Führung aus heutiger Sicht unter Berücksichtigung der komplexen Anforderungen an den Einsatz von Streitkräften, der seit der Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands, dem Zusammenbruch des Warschauer Paktes und der aus einem anders gearteten Sicherheitsumfeld resultierenden neuen NATO-Strategie völlig veränderte Dimensionen angenommen hat. Aufgezeigt wird hierbei, welch umfassender Ansatz bei der Erfassung der Thematik zu wählen ist und welche Folgerungen für Politik und Streitkräfte gezogen werden müssen. Krieg war zu allen Zeiten Mittel der Politik und ist so alt, wie die Menschheit selbst. Schon in frühester Zeit haben sich deshalb Denker und Strategen mit diesem Thema beschäftigt und speziell die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen des Gebrauchs von Streitkräften als ein Mittel der Politik bedacht. Und schreibt die Geschichte auch nicht das Lehrbuch für die Gegenwart, so bietet sie dennoch die Möglichkeit, Lehren aus ihr zu ziehen, indem durch Analyse der historischen Denkweisen sowie der praktischen Beispiele die entscheidenden Voraussetzungen für die Weiterentwicklung des eigenen Denkens gelegt werden.

Die Neue Wissenschaft Ber Die Gemeinschaftliche Natur Der V Lker

Author: Giambattista Vico
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110827239
Size: 60.42 MB
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Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) was one of the most original and idiosyncratic philosophers before Kant and Hegel. Although Giorgio Vasari had already diagnosed a cycle of rise, blossoming and decline in the history of art, Vico was the first to base this on a philosophical system. Isolated in Naples from direct contact with the philosophical life of his times, he worked at his grand design of the cycles of rise, blossoming, decline and eternal return which he saw in all areas of culture. His points of reference were ancient mythology and Greek and Roman history. To that extent, he is regarded today as the founder of the philosophy of history and the precursor of a tradition which extends to Hegel and Oswald Spengler's "Decline of the West".