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Kuhn S The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Author: Vasso Kindi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136243208
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The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

Kuhn S Structure Of Scientific Revolutions 50 Years On

Author: William J Devlin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319133837
Size: 12.27 MB
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In 1962, the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure ‘revolutionized’ the way one conducts philosophical and historical studies of science. Through the introduction of both memorable and controversial notions, such as paradigms, scientific revolutions, and incommensurability, Kuhn argued against the traditionally accepted notion of scientific change as a progression towards the truth about nature, and instead substituted the idea that science is a puzzle solving activity, operating under paradigms, which become discarded after it fails to respond accordingly to anomalous challenges and a rival paradigm. Kuhn’s Structure has sold over 1.4 million copies and the Times Literary Supplement named it one of the “Hundred Most Influential Books since the Second World War.” Now, fifty years after this groundbreaking work was published, this volume offers a timely reappraisal of the legacy of Kuhn’s book and an investigation into what Structure offers philosophical, historical, and sociological studies of science in the future.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Jo Hedesan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351353470
Size: 29.15 MB
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Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history. In his analysis of shifts in scientific thinking, Kuhn questioned the prevailing view that science was an unbroken progression towards the truth. Progress was actually made, he argued, via "paradigm shifts", meaning that evidence that existing scientific models are flawed slowly accumulates – in the face, at first, of opposition and doubt – until it finally results in a crisis that forces the development of a new model. This development, in turn, produces a period of rapid change – "extraordinary science," Kuhn terms it – before an eventual return to "normal science" begins the process whereby the whole cycle eventually repeats itself. This portrayal of science as the product of successive revolutions was the product of rigorous but imaginative critical thinking. It was at odds with science’s self-image as a set of disciplines that constantly evolve and progress via the process of building on existing knowledge. Kuhn’s highly creative re-imagining of that image has proved enduringly influential – and is the direct product of the author’s ability to produce a novel explanation for existing evidence and to redefine issues so as to see them in new ways.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226458148
Size: 14.60 MB
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A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

Die Kopernikanische Revolution

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663019063
Size: 23.37 MB
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Die Geschichte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurde bereits oft geschrieben, doch meines Wissens nicht unter dem Blickwinkel und in dem Umfang, die hier beabsichtigt sind. Vielerlei Einzelereignisse verbergen sich hinter dem Schlagwort von der Wende oder Revolution. Ihr Kern war eine Umwandlung der mathematischen Astronomie, doch brachte sie auch begriff liche Änderungen in der Kosmologie, Physik, Philosophie und Religion mit sich. Einzelaspekte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurden wiederholt untersucht, und ohne die daraus entstandenen Abhandlungen hätte dieses Buch nicht geschrieben werden können. Die Vielfalt der Umwälzungen übersteigt die Fähigkeiten des einzelnen Gelehrten, der die ursprünglichen Quellen studiert. Sowohl spezialisierte Untersuchungen als auch die darauf aufbauenden vereinfachenden Darstellungen verfehlen jedoch notwendiger weise einen der wichtigsten und faszinierendsten Züge der Revolution - ein Charakteristikum, das aus der Vielfalt der Umwälzung selbst entspringt. Wegen dieser Vielfalt bietet die kopernikanische Wende eine ideale Gelegenheit zu sehen, wie und mit welchem Ergebnis Vorstellungen aus vielen verschiedenen Gebieten sich zu einem einzigen Gedankengebäude zusammenfügen. Kopernikus selbst war ein Spezialist, ein mathematischer Astronom, der an der Korrektur esoterischer Methoden zur Berechnung von Planetenpositionen interessiert war. Oft war die Richtung seiner For schung jedoch durch Entwicklungen bestimmt, die mit der Astronomie nichts zu tun hatten. Darunter befanden sich die veränderte Darstellung des Falles von Steinen im Mittelalter, die Wiederbelebung mystischer, antiker Anschau ungen in der Renaissance, die die Sonne als das Abbild Gottes betrachteten, und die Atlantikreisen, die den Horizont des Menschen der Renaissance erweiterten.

Revisiting Discovery And Justification

Author: Jutta Schickore
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402042508
Size: 39.19 MB
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The distinction between the contexts of discovery and justification has had a turbulent career in philosophy of science. At times celebrated as the hallmark of philosophical approaches to science, at times condemned as ambiguous, distorting, and misleading, the distinction dominated philosophical debates from the early decades of the twentieth century to the 1980s. Until today, it informs our conception of the content, domain, and goals of philosophy of science. It is due to this fact that new trends in philosophy of experimentation and history and sociology of science have been marginalized by traditional scholarship in philosophy. To acknowledge properly this important recent work we need to re-open the debate about the nature, development, and significance of the context distinction, about its merits and flaws. The contributions to this volume provide close readings and detailed analyses of the original textual sources for the context distinction. They revise those accounts of ‘forerunners’ of the distinction that have been written through the lens of Logical Empiricism. They map, clarify, and analyse the derivations and mutations of the context distinctions as we encounter them in current history and philosophy of science. The re-evaluation of the distinction helps us deal with the philosophical challenges that the New Experimentalism and historically, socio-politically and economically oriented science studies have placed before us. This volume thus clears the ground for the productive and fruitful integration of these new developments into philosophy of science.

Irrational Exuberance Reconsidered

Author: Mathias Külpmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540140078
Size: 30.61 MB
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Mathias Külpmann presents a framework to evaluate whether the stock market is in line with underlying fundamentals. The new and revised edition offers an up to date introduction to the controversy between rational asset pricing and behavioural finance. Empirical evidence of stock market overreaction are investigated within the paradigms of rational asset pricing and behavioural finance. Although this monograph will not promise the reader to become a millionaire, it offers a road to obtain a deeper understanding of the forces which drive stock returns. It should be of interest to anyone interested in what drives performance in the stock market.