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Landau Level Spectroscopy

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444600434
Size: 50.54 MB
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Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences, Volume 27.2: Landau Level Spectroscopy focuses on the processes, reactions, methodologies, and approaches involved in condensed matter sciences, including magnetospectroscopy, resonances, electrodynamics, and magnetic fields. The selection first offers information on the magnetospectroscopy of confined semiconductor systems and the magnetophonon effect in two dimensions. Discussions focus on hot-electron magnetophonon resonance, normal resonances, free carrier states, confined impurities, and electron-phonon interaction. The text then takes a look at the energy spectrum and magnetooptics of band-inverting heterojunctions and the electrodynamics of two-dimensional electron systems in high magnetic fields. The publication examines Landau emission and the Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) effect. Topics include smooth magnetoresistance and SdH effect, Landau level electronic lifetimes, experimental techniques, and Landau emission in III-IV semiconductors. The book then elaborates on a comprehensive review of the experimental aspects of the SdH effect; magnetoimpurity resonances in semiconductor transport; and magnetophonon resonance. The selection is a highly recommended reference for scientists and readers interested in the Landau level spectroscopy.

Surface Polaritons

Author: V. M. Agranovich
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444598693
Size: 14.54 MB
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Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences, Volume I: Surface Polaritons: Electromagnetic Waves at Surfaces and Interfaces describes the basic properties of surface polaritons and the methods of generating these waves in the laboratory at frequencies of interest to condensed matter physicists. The selection first elaborates on surface phonon polaritons in dielectrics and semiconductors and surface exciton polaritons from the experimental viewpoint. Discussions focus on interface polaritons; surface vibrations in anisotropic crystals; experimental methods for the excitation and study of surface polaritons; and surface vibrations in isotropic crystals. The publication then ponders on surface electromagnetic wave propagation on metal surfaces; thermally stimulated emission of surface polaritons; and effects of the transition layer and spatial dispersion in the spectra of surface polaritons. The text takes a look at surface polaritons at metal surfaces and interfaces and resonance of transition layer excitations with surface polaritons. Topics include resonance of the film phonon with the substrate surface phonon polaritons; investigations of surface modifications in ultra-high vacuum; and use of surface plasma waves for the investigation of solid-liquid and solid-solid interfaces. The selection is a dependable reference for physicists and engineers wanting to conduct research on surface polaritons.

Optical Orientation

Author: F. Meier
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444599916
Size: 35.50 MB
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This book comprises the first systematic exposition of various physical aspects of the orientation of electron and nuclear spins in semiconductors by optical means.

Ultrasonic Spectroscopy

Author: Robert G. Leisure
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107154138
Size: 62.67 MB
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Ultrasonic spectroscopy is a technique widely used in solid-state physics, materials science and geology which utilises acoustic waves to determine fundamental material properties of objects, such as their elasticity and mechanical energy dissipation. This book provides complete coverage of the main issues relevant to the design, analysis and interpretation of ultrasonic experiments. Topics including elasticity, acoustic waves in solids, ultrasonic loss and the relation of elastic constants to thermodynamic potentials are covered in depth. Modern techniques and experimental methods including resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, digital pulse-echo and picosecond ultrasound are also introduced and reviewed. Also containing extensive background theory, this self-contained book is accessible to students new to the field of ultrasonic spectroscopy, as well as to graduate students and researchers in physics, engineering, materials science and geophysics.

Carrier Scattering In Metals And Semiconductors

Author: V.F. Gantmakher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444598235
Size: 78.54 MB
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The transport properties of solids, as well as the many optical phenomena in them are determined by the scattering of current carriers. ``Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors'' elucidates the state of the art in the research on the scattering mechanisms for current carriers in metals and semiconductors and describes experiments in which these mechanisms are most dramatically manifested. The selection and organization of the material is in a form to prepare the reader to reason independently and to deal just as independently with available theoretical results and experimental data. The subjects dealt with include: - electronic transport theory based on the test-particle and correlation-function concepts; - scattering by phonons, impurities, surfaces, magnons, dislocations, electron-electron scattering and electron temperature; - two-phonon scattering, spin-flip scattering, scattering in degenerate and many-band models.

Current Topics In Physics

Author: R A Barrio
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783260351
Size: 34.79 MB
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This indispensable book is a compilation of invited talks delivered at the symposium, “Current Topics in Physics” held in Mexico City in June 2003, to celebrate the 75th birthday of Professor Sir Roger Elliott. The contributions have been prepared by research associates, former students, post-doctoral fellows and colleagues of Professor Elliott, many of them leading scientists — as Sir Roger himself — in important research institutes around the world. The book gives a very timely and comprehensive overview of various key areas of modern condensed matter and statistical physics. 19 original contributions are included, grouped in three main areas: disorder and dynamical systems, structures and glasses, electrical and magnetic properties. The contributions are by many of the foremost researchers in the field of condensed matter and statistical physics. In particular, contributions by such prominent scientists as M E Fisher, A A Maradudin, M F Thorpe, M Balkanski, T Fujiwara, and of course Sir Roger Elliott himself make this book a rewarding read. Contents:Disorder and Dynamical Systems:Reflections on the Beguiling but Wayward Spherical Model (M E Fisher)Phase Transitions in Vector Spin Glasses (A P Young)Transitions, Dynamics and Disorder: From Equilibrium to Non-Equilibrium Systems (R Stinchcombe)Two- Dimensional Growth in a Three Component Mixture with Competing Interactions (C Varea)Glassy Dynamics at the Edge of Chaos (A Robledo)Structures and Glasses:Flexibility in Biomolecules (M F Thorpe et al.)Lattice Dynamics of Carbon Nanotubes (V N Popov & M Balkanski)Glassy Behavior Due to Kinetic Constraints: From Topological Foam to Backgammon (D Sherrington)On Glass Transition with Rapid Cooling Effects (R Kerner & O Mares)The Dielectric Loss Function and the Search for Simple Models for Relaxation in Glass Formers (A P Vieira et al.)The Theory of Turing Pattern Formation (T Leppänen)The Dioctadecylamine Monolayer: Non-Equilibrium Phase Domains (A Flores et al.)Electrical and Magnetic Properties:Multiple Scattering Effects in the Second Harmonic Generation of Light Reflection from Randomly Rough Metal Surface (A A Maradudin et al.)Theory for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations (T Fujiwara et al.)Symmetric Magnetic Clusters (J B Parkinson et al.)Optical and Fermi-Edge Singularities in One-Dimensional Semiconductor Quantum Wires (K P Jain)Probing the Magnetic Coupling in Multilayers Using Domain Wall Excitations (A S Carriço & A L Dantas)Density of Electronic States in the Quantum Percolation Problem (G G Naumis & R A Barrio)Power Terms in the Construction of Thermodynamic Functions for Melting Description (F L Castillo-Alvarado et al.) Readership: Scientists, researchers and graduate students in condensed matter physics. Key Features:Covers, in a unique way, three major areas of condensed matter and statistical physicsMany contributions written in a very detailed fashion to make the reading easy to follow and thus valuable as reference materialOutstanding and comprehensive reviews of topics among the contributionsNo directly competing titles availableKeywords:Disordered Systems;Dynamical Systems;Magnetic Properties;Electronic Properties;Statistical Physics

Physics At Surfaces

Author: Andrew Zangwill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316583260
Size: 63.36 MB
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Physics at Surfaces is a unique graduate-level introduction to the physics and chemical physics of solid surfaces, and atoms and molecules that interact with solid surfaces. A subject of keen scientific inquiry since the last century, surface physics emerged as an independent discipline only in the late 1960s as a result of the development of ultra-high vacuum technology and high speed digital computers. With these tools, reliable experimental measurements and theoretical calculations could at last be compared. Progress in the last decade has been truly striking. This volume provides a synthesis of the entire field of surface physics from the perspective of a modern condensed matter physicist with a healthy interest in chemical physics. The exposition intertwines experiment and theory whenever possible, although there is little detailed discussion of technique. This much-needed text will be invaluable to graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, physical chemistry and materials science working in, or taking graduate courses in, surface science.

Reviews Of Modern Quantum Chemistry

Author: Kali Das Sen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812775706
Size: 34.39 MB
Format: PDF
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This important book collects together stateOCoofOCotheOCoart reviews of diverse topics covering almost all the major areas of modern quantum chemistry. The current focus in the discipline of chemistry OCo synthesis, structure, reactivity and dynamics OCo is mainly on control . A variety of essential computational tools at the disposal of chemists have emerged from recent studies in quantum chemistry. The acceptance and application of these tools in the interfacial disciplines of the life and physical sciences continue to grow. The new era of modern quantum chemistry throws up promising potentialities for further research. Reviews of Modern Quantum Chemistry is a joint endeavor, in which renowned scientists from leading universities and research laboratories spanning 22 countries present 59 inOCodepth reviews. Along with a personal introduction written by Professor Walter Kohn, Nobel laureate (Chemistry, 1998), the articles celebrate the scientific contributions of Professor Robert G Parr on the occasion of his 80th birthday. List of Contributors: W Kohn, M Levy, R Pariser, B R Judd, E Lo, B N Plakhutin, A Savin, P Politzer, P Lane, J S Murray, A J Thakkar, S R Gadre, R F Nalewajski, K Jug, M Randic, G Del Re, U Kaldor, E Eliav, A Landau, M Ehara, M Ishida, K Toyota, H Nakatsuji, G Maroulis, A M Mebel, S Mahapatra, R CarbOCoDorca, u Nagy, I A Howard, N H March, SOCoB Liu, R G Pearson, N Watanabe, S TenOCono, S Iwata, Y Udagawa, E Valderrama, X Fradera, I Silanes, J M Ugalde, R J Boyd, E V Ludea, V V Karasiev, L Massa, T Tsuneda, K Hirao, J-M Tao, J P Perdew, O V Gritsenko, M Grning, E J Baerends, F Aparicio, J Garza, A Cedillo, M Galvin, R Vargas, E Engel, A HAck, R N Schmid, R M Dreizler, J Poater, M Sola, M Duran, J Robles, X Fradera, P K Chattaraj, A Poddar, B Maiti, A Cedillo, S Guti(r)rrezOCoOliva, P Jaque, A ToroOCoLabb(r), H Chermette, P Boulet, S Portmann, P Fuentealba, R Contreras, P Geerlings, F De Proft, R Balawender, D P Chong, A Vela, G Merino, F Kootstra, P L de Boeij, R van Leeuwen, J G Snijders, N T Maitra, K Burke, H Appel, E K U Gross, M K Harbola, H F Hameka, C A Daul, I Ciofini, A Bencini, S K Ghosh, A Tachibana, J M CabreraOCoTrujillo, F Tenorio, O Mayorga, M Cases, V Kumar, Y Kawazoe, A M KAster, P Calaminici, Z Gmez, U Reveles, J A Alonso, L M Molina, M J Lpez, F Dugue, A Maanes, C A Fahlstrom, J A Nichols, D A Dixon, P A Derosa, A G Zacarias, J M Seminario, D G Kanhere, A Vichare, S A Blundell, ZOCoY Lu, HOCoY Liu, M Elstner, WOCoT Yang, J Muoz, X Fradera, M Orozco, F J Luque, P Tarakeshwar, H M Lee, K S Kim, M Valiev, E J Bylaska, A Gramada, J H Weare, J Brickmann, M Keil, T E Exner, M Hoffmann & J Rychlewski. Contents: Volume I: Applications of the Automorphisms of SO(8) to the Atomic f Shell (B R Judd & E Lo); Probability Distributions and Valence Shells in Atoms (A Savin); Information Theoretical Approaches to Quantum Chemistry (S R Gadre); Quantum Chemical Justification for Clar''s Valence Structures (M Randic); Functional Expansion Approach in Density Functional Theory (S-B Liu); Normconserving Pseudopotentials for the Exact Exchange Functional (E Engel et al.); Volume II: Chemical Reactivity and Dynamics within a Density-based Quantum Mechanical Framework (P K Chattaraj et al.); Fukui Functions and Local Softness (H Chermette et al.); The Nuclear Fukui Function (P Geerlings et al.); Causality in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory (M K Harbola); Theoretical Studies of Molecular Magnetism (H F Hameka); Melting in Finite-Sized Systems (D G Kanhere et al.); Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Drug Design (M Hoffmann & J Rychlewski); and other papers. Readership: Researchers and academics in computational, physical, fullerene, industrial, polymer, solid state and theoretical/quantum chemistry; nanoscience, superconductivity & magnetic materials, surface science; atomic, computational and condensed matter physics; and thermodynamics."