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Language Change

Author: Jean Aitchison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107023629
Size: 35.14 MB
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How and why do languages change? Where does the evidence of language change come from? How do languages begin and end? This introduction to language change explores these and other questions, considering changes through time. The central theme of this book is whether language change is a symptom of progress or decay. This book will show you why it is neither, and that understanding the factors surrounding how language change occurs is essential to understanding why it happens. This updated edition remains non-technical and accessible to readers with no previous knowledge of linguistics.

Historical Linguistics And Biblical Hebrew

Author: Robert Rezetko
Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit
ISBN: 1628370467
Size: 25.32 MB
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!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" html meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type" body A philologically robust approach to the history of ancient Hebrew In this book the authors work toward constructing an approach to the history of ancient Hebrew that overcomes the chasm of academic specialization. The authors illustrate how cross-textual variable analysis and variation analysis advance research on Biblical Hebrew and correct theories based on extra-linguistic assumptions, intuitions, and ideologies by focusing on variation of forms/uses in the Masoretic text and variation between the Masoretic text and other textual traditions. Features: A unique approach that examines the nature of the sources and the description of their language together Extensive bibliography for further research Tables of linguistic variables and parallels

Standard Und Substandard

Author: Alfred Lameli
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515085588
Size: 70.13 MB
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Dieses Buch widmet sich der diachronen Erforschung der intendierten Standardsprache in ausgew�hlten Regionen des deutschen Sprachraumes. Seine Konzeption als real-time-Studie ueber 40 Jahre erlaubt einen kontrastiven Blick auf die sprachlichen Ver�nderungen im Verlaufe des 20. Jahrhunderts. Datengrundlage sind die sprachlichen �u�erungen von Gemeinderatsmitgliedern. Deren regionalsprachliche Pr�gungen sind Gegenstand der Arbeit. Sprachgeographisch fokussiert die Untersuchung die im Rheinfr�nkischen gelegene Stadt Mainz, als geographischer Referenzpunkt dient das nordniederdeutsche Neumuenster. Durch einen eng verwobenen Komplex unterschiedlicher Analyseinstrumente wird in Mainz auf phonetisch-phonologischer Ebene eine deutliche diachrone Ann�herung an die Sprechweise von Nachrichtensprechern nachgewiesen, der eine diachrone Konstanz in Neumuenster gegenuebersteht. Es werden nicht nur Zusammenh�nge der linguistischen Ergebnisse mit sozialen und attitudinalen Daten expliziert, sondern es werden zus�tzlich die implikativen Beziehungen typischer sprachlicher Muster belegt und in eine Abbauhierarchie eingeordnet. Die Verwendung verschiedener methodischer Zug�nge erm�glicht eine eingehende Interpretation der linguistischen und metalinguistischen Ergebnisse und liefert auch eine Prognose zukuenftiger Sprachentwicklung. "ueberzeugend�" Jahrbuch der ungarischen Germanisten.

G Nther Zainers Druckersprachliche Leistung

Author: Akihiko Fujii
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110910551
Size: 58.36 MB
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This study is the first to undertake a detailed appreciation of the much-lauded printing language employed at Günther Zainer's Augsburg printing shop. The new findings are the result of an unprecedented excerpting method that takes account of the hitherto neglected role played by the sequence of different typesetters. A comparison with other contemporaneous written idioms in Augsburg gives even greater definition to the account of the early stages of the printing idiom in Augsburg. This approach provides a potential model for similar investigations at other printing locations.

Sprachwandel

Author: Rudi Keller
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825242536
Size: 65.45 MB
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Eine natürliche Sprache ist eine spontane Ordnung; dabei ist sie weder Naturphänomen noch Artefakt, sondern ein Phänomen der dritten Art. Ihr gegenwärtiger Zustand ist - von wenigen Ausnahmen abgesehen - unbeabsichtigter, unreflektierter Nebeneffekt von Wahlhandlungen der einzelnen Sprecher im Zuge ihrer kommunikativen Bemühungen. Sprachwandel ist damit ein prototypisches Beispiel soziokultureller Evolution. Die Rekonstruktion des Wandels ist ein zentraler Baustein einer erklärenden Theorie eines Sprachzustandes. Der ihr adäquate Modus ist die Erklärung mittels der unsichtbaren Hand. "The book is a singulary good one; ... It will take some effort to surpass it." Studies in Language

Language Change Causation

Author: Jean Aitchison
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781139616256
Size: 44.57 MB
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An introduction to language change. This updated edition remains non-technical and accessible to readers with no previous knowledge of linguistics.

Norse Derived Vocabulary In Late Old English Texts

Author: Sara M. Pons-Sanz
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027272735
Size: 70.60 MB
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This book focuses on the Norse-derived vocabulary in the works of Archbishop Wulfstan II of York (d. 1023). A considerable advantage derives from studying Wulfstan's compositions because, unlike most Old English texts, they are closely dateable and, to a certain extent, localizable. Thus, they offer excellent material for the examination of the process of integration and accommodation of Norse-derived vocabulary in Old English. After establishing the list of terms which can be accepted to be Norse-derived, this book analyses their relations with their native synonyms, both from a semantic and a stylistic point of view, and their inclusion in the word-formation processes to which Wulfstan submitted his vocabulary, native and borrowed alike. The information derived from this approach is used to explore the possible reasons for the archbishop's selection of the borrowed terms and the impact which his lexical practices had on contemporary and later English writers.

Prinzipien Der Sprachgeschichte

Author: Hermann Paul
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110929465
Size: 70.79 MB
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Nach über 100 Jahren seit dem Erscheinen gehört Pauls Buch "Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte" (1. Auflage 1880) nach wie vor zu den Standardwerken der Sprachwissenschaft.

Die Sprachen Europas In Systematischer Bersicht

Author: August Schleicher
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027208751
Size: 38.58 MB
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In Die Sprachen Europas in systematischer Uebersicht (Bonn 1850) Schleicher works out a naturalistic conception of language and a research program inspired by the methods of the natural sciences, in particular botany and geology. It does not only provide a general exposition of Schleicher's views, of the sharp lines he is drawing between linguistics and philology, of the concept of 'Sprachengeschichte' in contradistinction to 'Sprachentwicklung', of the methodology of linguistic research, but also – often overlooked – with an attempt at language typology. Inspired by proposals made by Friedrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel and Wilhelm von Humboldt, Schleicher tries to provide a material, scientific basis for language classification. In addition to this edition, the volume contains an introductory article.