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Language Development And Learning To Read

Author: Diane McGuinness
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262250405
Size: 74.94 MB
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Research on reading has tried, and failed, to account for wide disparities in reading skill even among children taught by the same method. Why do some children learn to read easily and quickly while others, in the same classroom and taught by the same teacher, don't learn to read at all? In Language Development and Learning to Read, Diane McGuinness examines scientific research that might explain these disparities. She focuses on reading predictors, analyzing the effect individual differences in specific perceptual, linguistic, and cognitive skills may have on a child's ability to read. Because of the serious methodological problems she finds in the existing research on reading, many of the studies McGuinness cites come from other fields--developmental psychology, psycholinguistics, and the speech and hearing sciences--and provide a new perspective on which language functions matter most for reading and academic success. McGuinness first examines the phonological development theory--the theory that phonological awareness follows a developmental path from words to syllables to phonemes--which has dominated reading research for thirty years, and finds that research evidence from other disciplines does not support the theory. McGuinness then looks at longitudinal studies on the development of general language function, and finds a "tantalizing connection" between core language functions and reading success. Finally, she analyzes mainstream reading research, which links reading ability to specific language skills, and the often flawed methodology used in these studies. McGuinness's analysis shows the urgent need for a shift in our thinking about how to achieve reading success. that phonological awareness follows a developmental path from words to syllables to phonemes--which has dominated reading research for thirty years, and finds that research evidence from other disciplines does not support the theory. McGuinness then looks at longitudinal studies on the development of general language function, and finds a "tantalizing connection" between core language functions and reading success. Finally, she analyzes mainstream reading research, which links reading ability to specific language skills, and the often flawed methodology used in these studies. McGuinness's analysis shows the urgent need for a shift in our thinking about how to achieve reading success.

Encyclopedia Of Language Development

Author: Patricia J. Brooks
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389774
Size: 46.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The progression from newborn to sophisticated language user in just a few short years is often described as wonderful and miraculous. What are the biological, cognitive, and social underpinnings of this miracle? What major language development milestones occur in infancy? What methodologies do researchers employ in studying this progression? Why do some become adept at multiple languages while others face a lifelong struggle with just one? What accounts for declines in language proficiency, and how might such declines be moderated? Despite an abundance of textbooks, specialized monographs, and a couple of academic handbooks, there has been no encyclopedic reference work in this area--until now. The Encyclopedia of Language Development covers the breadth of theory and research on language development from birth through adulthood, as well as their practical application. Features: This affordable A-to-Z reference includes 200 articles that address such topic areas as theories and research tradition; biological perspectives; cognitive perspectives; family, peer, and social influences; bilingualism; special populations and disorders; and more. All articles (signed and authored by key figures in the field) conclude with cross reference links and suggestions for further reading. Appendices include a Resource Guide with annotated lists of classic books and articles, journals, associations, and web sites; a Glossary of specialized terms; and a Chronology offering an overview and history of the field. A thematic Reader’s Guide groups related articles by broad topic areas as one handy search feature on the e-Reference platform, which includes a comprehensive index of search terms. Available in both print and electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Language Development is a must-have reference for researchers and is ideal for library reference or circulating collections.

Language And Deafness

Author: Peter V. Paul
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763751043
Size: 79.36 MB
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The Fourth Edition of Language and Deafness covers language and literacy development from preschool through adolescence. Content includes the basics of language development and the relationship between language and cognition. Oral communication methods and English-like signing systems are also covered, along with linguistics/sociolinguistics of American Sign Language. Multicultural aspects, including bilingualism and second-language learning, are covered in detail.

Reading And Deafness Theory Research And Practice

Author: Beverly J Trezek
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1428324356
Size: 59.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This first-of-its-kind text connects theories and research with classroom practice to provide a comprehensive and balanced view of reading and deafness that addresses a broad scope of literacy concepts. An excellent classroom resource, the text offers current and future deaf educators with research-based reading instructional practices and techniques for implementing these strategies with students. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Hearing And Deafness

Author: Peter V. Paul
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449611087
Size: 37.99 MB
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Hearing and Deafness: An Introduction for Health and Education Professionals clearly explains the development of speech, hearing, language, and literacy in d/Deaf and hard of hearing children and adolescents. This important reference offers new insights on the contribution of hearing rehabilitation to English language acquisition. Students pursuing careers in deaf education, audiology, and speech pathology will gain a thorough understanding of the audiological dimensions of hearing and how hearing loss affects speech, language, and literacy. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Metacognitive Approaches To Developing Oracy

Author: Roy Evans
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.31 MB
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The acquisition of speech and language represent significant achievements for all children. These aspects of child development have received substantial attention in the research literature and a considerable body of theoretical knowledge exists to chart progress from infancy to maturity. Cross-cultural studies have identified the common purposes served by the acquisition of oral language by children, and the essential similarity in the sequence through which speech develops irrespective of geography and culture. What is less clear is precisely 'how' children learn to say what they mean and 'how' teachers and parents can support and enhance the development of meaningful speech in their children. Until now, children's speech has been underused as a means of promoting learning in the formal school setting. New requirements within the National Curriculum are trying to address this gap, but there remains a lack of clarity as to what this means for practice, and how it relates to the broad base of curricular objectives. This book brings together a body of work, from different countries; it offers an improved understanding of how strategies for developing speaking and listening may impact metacognitive awareness, and raise standards of literacy and dialogic thinking for all children. This book was previously published as a special issue of Early Child Development and Care.

Cross Language Studies Of Learning To Read And Spell

Author: C.K. Leong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401711976
Size: 63.97 MB
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The present volume is based on the proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute (AS I) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held in Alvor, Algarve, Portugal. A number of scholars from different countries participated in the two-week institute on Cognitive and linguistic aspects of reading, writing, and spelling. The present papers are further versions with modifications and refinements from those presented at the Advanced Study Institute. Several people and organizations have helped us in this endeavor and their assistance is gratefully acknowledged. Our special thanks are to: the Scientific Affairs division of NATO for providing the major portions of the financial support, Dr. L.V. da Cunha of NATO and Dr. THo Kester and Mrs. Barbara Kester of the International Transfer of Science and Technology of the various aspects of the institute; and (ITST) for their help and support the staff of Hotel Alvor Praia for making our stay a pleasant one by helping us to run the institute smoothly.

Studies In Second Language Acquisition Of Chinese

Author: Dr. ZhaoHong Han
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783092106
Size: 24.52 MB
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Interest in learning Chinese as an additional language has soared worldwide over the last ten years. Yet little is known about the learning process, and much less about what pedagogical strategies might facilitate or, otherwise, hinder it. This book thus aims to further understanding of the acquisition of Chinese as a foreign or second language. It brings together six independent studies which explore aspects of learning Chinese as an additional language across the domains of morphosyntax, pragmatics, cognitive capacity, interactional learning, and instructed learning via a variety of conceptual frameworks and methodological strategies. These studies, as well as the suggestions for future research, will be of great interest to second language acquisition researchers, graduate students and second language teachers of Chinese, as well as to curriculum developers and materials writers.