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Lanthanide And Actinide Chemistry

Author: Simon Cotton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118681363
Size: 42.58 MB
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The only introduction into the exciting chemistry of Lanthanides and Actinides. The book is based on a number of courses on "f elements" The author has a long experience in teaching this field of chemistry Lanthanides have become very common elements in research and technology applications; this book offers the basic knowledge The book offers insights into a vast range of applications, from lasers to synthesis The Inorganic Chemistry: A Textbook series reflects the pivotal role of modern inorganic and physical chemistry in a whole range of emerging areas, such as materials chemistry, green chemistry and bioinorganic chemistry, as well as providing a solid grounding in established areas such as solid state chemistry, coordination chemistry, main group chemistry and physical inorganic chemistry. Lanthanide and Actinide Chemistry is a one-volume account of the Lanthanides (including scandium and yttrium), the Actinides and the Transactinide elements, intended as an introductory treatment for undergraduate and postgraduate students. The principal features of these elements are set out in detail, enabling clear comparison and contrast with the Transition Elements and Main Group metals. The book covers the extraction of the elements from their ores and their purification, as well as the synthesis of the man-made elements; the properties of the elements and principal binary compounds; detailed accounts of their coordination chemistry and organometallic chemistry, from both preparative and structural viewpoints, with a clear explanation of the factors responsible for the adoption of particular coordination numbers; spectroscopy and magnetism, especially for the lanthanides, with case studies and accounts of applications in areas like magnetic resonance imaging, lasers and luminescence; nuclear separations and problems in waste disposal for the radioactive elements, particularly in the context of plutonium. Latest developments are covered in areas like the synthesis of the latest man-made elements, whilst there is a whole chapter on the application of lanthanide compounds in synthetic organic chemistry. End-of-chapter questions suitable for tutorial discussions are provided, whilst there is a very comprehensive bibliography providing ready access to further reading on all topics.

Chemistry Of Lanthanides And Actinides

Author: G. Singh
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788183562416
Size: 12.42 MB
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This book has been designed to cover the syllabus of Inorganic Chemistry required for the B.Sc./B.Sc. Hons./M.Sc. students of the various Universities. I have compelled all the questions asked so far in different universities as well as C.C.S. University Meerut. I have arranged the subject matter in a continuous manner. Special emphasis has been laid on fundamental concept of the topics. Care has been taken to make the treatment of the subject simple and accessible to the average students. The gradation of the solved and unsolved questions has been facilitated from simple to difficult. It is believed that the book in the present form will be found to be useful by the student community and the teaching fraternity alike. Contents: Lanthanides (4f-Block Series), Fuels and Furnaces, Precipitation from Homogeneous Medium, Actinides (5F-Block Elements).

The Chemistry Of The Actinides

Author: S. Ahrland
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483159345
Size: 53.34 MB
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The Chemistry of the Actinides contains selected chapters from the Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry to meet the needs of certain specialists in this field. The book describes the 14 elements after actinium in the Periodic Table, known as the actinide elements or the 5f transition series. The book notes the occurrence, separation, chemical properties, chemical structures, and preparation of the metals. In a discussion of analytical chemistry, the radioactive properties of the actinides and the lanthanides are compared. The text then describes the nuclear or radiochemical records and chemical properties of the different members of the actinide series such as thorium, uranium, plutonium, and einsteinium. The book also explains the differences between the 5f shell and the 4f shell. One paper then discusses the groups of alloy compounds, including rare earths and intra-actinides. Another paper examines the general properties of actinide ions as to their electronic structure and oxidation states; the stability and preparation of the different oxidation states; and the applicability of solvent extraction in separating and purifying various substances. The text is suitable for researchers in organic chemistry, nuclear and atomic physicists, scientists, and academicians whose work involves radioactive materials.

Anorganische Strukturchemie

Author: Ulrich Müller
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663108449
Size: 26.67 MB
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Angesichts des immer mehr anwachsenden Kenntnisstands auf allen na turwissenschaftlichen Gebieten erscheint es unumgänglich, die Wissensver mittlung auf generelle Prinzipien und Gesetzmäßigkeiten zu konzentrieren und Einzeldaten auf wichtige Beispiele zu beschränken. Ein Lehrbuch soll einen angemessenen, dem Studierenden zumutbaren Umfang haben, ohne wesentliche Aspekte eines Fachgebiets zu vernachlässigen, es soll traditio nelles Grundwissen ebenso wie moderne Entwicklungen berücksichtigen. Diese Einführung macht den Versuch, die Anorganische Strukturchemie in diesem Sinne darzubieten. Dabei sind Kompromisse unvermeidbar, manche Teilgebiete werden kürzer, andere vielleicht auch länger geraten sein, als es dem einen oder anderen Fachkollegen angemessen erscheinen mag. Chemiker denken überwiegend in anschaulichen Modellen, sie wollen Strukturen und Bindungen "sehen". Die moderne Bindungstheorie hat sich ihren Platz in der Chemie erobert, sie wird in Kapitel 9 gewürdigt; mit ihren aufwendigen Rechnungen entspricht sie aber mehr der Denkweise des Physikers, außerdem ist sie oft noch unbefriedigend, wenn es darum geht, strukturelle Details zu verstehen oder gar vorauszusagen. Für den Alltags gebrauch des Chemikers sind einfache Modelle, so wie sie in den Kapiteln 7, 8 und 12 behandelt werden, nützlicher: "Der Bauer, der zu Lebzeiten ernten will, kann nicht auf die ab-initio-Theorie des Wetters warten. Che miker, wie Bauern, glauben an Regeln, verstehen aber diese listig nach Bedarf zu deuten" (H.G. von Schnering [86]).

The F Elements

Author: Nikolas Kaltsoyannis
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 52.66 MB
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The lanthanides and actinides (the f elements) are rarely studied in detail by chemistry undergraduates. More often they appear as an afterthought in bonding, spectroscopy, magnetism, coordination chemistry, and organometallics courses. This is largely because of a lack of an accessible text treating the chemistry of these elements in one cover. Moreover, the placement of lanthanides and actinides in the closing pages of standard inorganic chemistry text books serves to marginalise these elements further. The f elements has therefore been written to fill a gap in the undergraduate chemistry textbook market. It covers much of the fundamental chemistry of the lanthanide and actinide elements, including coordination chemistry, solid state compounds, organometallic chemistry, electronic spectroscopy, and magnetism. Many comparisons are made between the chemistry of the lanthanides and actinides and that of the transition elements, which is generally much more familiar to undergraduate chemistry students. The book uses the chemistry of the f elements as a vehicle for the communication of several important chemical concepts that are not usually discussed in detail in undergraduate courses, for example the chemical consequences of relativity and the lanthanide and actinide contractions. Many important modern applications of f element chemistry, e.g. the use of actinides in nuclear power generation and of the lanthanides in magnetic resonance imaging and catalytic converters in motor vehicle exhausts, are also discussed in depth.

Synthesis Of Lanthanide And Actinide Compounds

Author: G. Meyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792310181
Size: 43.98 MB
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The history of the rare earths has entered its third century; trans uranium elements are now a half century old. Both the lanthanide and actinide ele­ ments, 30 elements altogether, are f elements, meaninj that their metallic 2 1 1 electronic configurations are typically 6s 5d 4f" and 7s 6d 5f" respectively. To an elementary approximation as summarized in the 'average inorganic chemistry textbook, these configurations cause their chemistry to be described by the trivalent state accompanied by less interesting effects such as the lanthanide contraction. However, the discovery of divalent and tetravalent lanthanides and di- to seven-valent actinides hinted at the existence of more interesting although still classic solid-state and coor­ dination chemistry. Metallic halides and chalcogenides and electron-poor cluster compounds have been the outgrowth of many synthetic efforts during the past 25 years or so. These days, one can say that the lan­ thanides and actinides are not at all boring; the fascination arises from every element being an individual, having its own chemistry.

Text Book Of Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Amit Arora
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788183560139
Size: 28.34 MB
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The present title Inorganic Chemistry has been designed for undergraduate and postgraduate of all Indian Universities. The aim of this book is to provide a concise modern text of inorganic chemistry which is large enough to cover the essentials, yet short enough to be interesting. It provides a simple and logical theoretical framework into which the reader should be able to fit his factus knowledge. There has been considerable interest in organo-metallic compounds, some of which are manufactured on a large scale. There has also been great interest in the role of inorganic materials in biological system (chlorophyll, hemoglobin, vitamin B12 and nitrogen, fixation) and a public awareness of the toxicity of various materials, most notably lead and mercury.

Symmetrie Und Struktur

Author:
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663012077
Size: 75.53 MB
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Es ist behauptet worden, Gruppentheorie sei kaum mehr als angewandter gesun der Menschenverstand. Wenn dem so ist, sollte es möglich sein, sie so darzustel len, daß der explizite Gebrauch von formaler Mathematik und vor allem von Matrizenalgebra vermieden wird. Matrizenalgebra ist kein schwieriges Thema; viele Studenten werden ihr vor dem Studium begegnet sein. Daher mag es sinnlos erscheinen, ein weiteres Buch zu schreiben, nur um die Verwendung von Matri zenalgebra zu umgehen. Dennoch ist dies ein solches Buch; der Grund für seine Existenz liegt tiefer. Nach meiner Erfahrung denken Chemiker lieber in Model len und Bildern als in mathematischen Begriffen; sie finden es leichter, ein Modell mathematisch zu beschreiben, als mit einer mathematischen Herleitung zu beginnen und daraus ein Bild zu gewinnen. Zum vollen Verständnis der Gruppentheorie benötigt man sowohl das Bild als auch die Mathematik; daher werden üblicherweise beide gemeinsam behandelt. Die Gruppentheorie ist al lerdings ein systematisch aufgebautes Gebiet - jede Stufe hängt von den vor hergehenden Stufen ab, so daß man sich in einem Lehrbuch ständig auf frühere Seiten beziehen muß. Da die mathematische Behandlung genauer und umfas sender ist als die bildhafte Beschreibung, wird dabei am ehesten auf vorausge gangene mathematische Abschnitte verwiesen. Nach meiner Erfahrung wird das physikalische Bild für die meisten Studenten zunehmend verschwommener, je mehr die Mathematik die Oberhand gewinnt. Dies ist der Grund für den Aufbau des vorliegenden Buchs.