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Laser Surface Modification Of Alloys For Corrosion And Erosion Resistance

Author: C T Kwok
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095838
Size: 31.91 MB
Format: PDF
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Corrosion and erosion processes often occur synergistically to cause serious damage to metal alloys. Laser surface modification techniques such as laser surface melting or alloying are being increasingly used to treat surfaces to prevent corrosion or repair corroded or damaged components. Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance reviews the wealth of recent research on these important techniques and their applications. After an introductory overview, part one reviews the use of laser surface melting and other techniques to improve the corrosion resistance of stainless and other steels as well as nickel-titanium and a range of other alloys. Part two covers the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement, slurry (solid particle) and electrical erosion as well as laser remanufacturing of damaged components. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance is a standard reference for all those concerned with preventing corrosion and erosion damage in metallic components in sectors as diverse as energy production and electrical engineering. Reviews recent research on the use of laser surface modification techniques, including the prevention of corrosion and repair of corroded or damaged components Discusses the techniques for improving the corrosion resistance of steels, nickel-titanium and a range of alloys Analyses the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement and laser remanufacturing of damaged components

Laser Surface Modification Of Biomaterials

Author: Rui Vilar
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081009429
Size: 67.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Thermochemical Surface Engineering Of Steels

Author: Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096524
Size: 68.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Thermochemical surface engineering significantly improves the properties of steels. Edited by two of the world’s leading authorities, this important book summarises the range of techniques and their applications. It covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing. There are also chapters on low temperature techniques as well as boriding, sheradizing, aluminizing, chromizing, thermo-reactive deposition and diffusion. Reviews the fundamentals of surface treatments and current performance of improved materials Covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing of iron and iron carbon alloys Examines how different thermochemical surface engineering methods can help against corrosion

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors

Author: Maria Forsyth
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093584
Size: 40.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

Iron Ore

Author: Liming Lu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421599
Size: 80.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Iron Ore: Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Issues summarizes recent, key research on the characterization of iron ores, including important topics such as beneficiation (separation and refining), agglomeration (e.g., production of pellets or powders), blast furnace technology for smelting, and environmental issues relating to its production. The text is an ideal reference on the topic during a time when iron ore production has increased significantly, driven by increasing demand from countries such as India and China. Provides a comprehensive overview of the global iron ore industry, exploring its characteristics and characterization Expert analysis of quality requirements for iron production, iron ore agglomeration technologies, environmental issues, and low-emission technologies Timely text to accompany the increased iron ore production occurring in developing countries like India and China

Engineering Coatings

Author: Stan Grainger
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855733695
Size: 22.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This latest edition of Stan Grainger's original 1989 handbook reflects the many advances in surfacing technology since that time. Additional thermal spray processes and laser surfacing are included and more information on corrosion has been included. The major changes that have taken place in health and safety legislation have led to significant revisions in the relevant chapters.

Corrosion Handbook Sodium Chloride

Author: Gerhard Kreysa
Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh
ISBN: 9783527311231
Size: 55.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The DECHEMA Corrosion Handbook provides a comprehensive collection of knowledge which is unique both in scope as well as content. Corrosion data and the chemical resistance of all technically important metallic, non-metallic, inorganic and organic materials in contact with aggressive media are covered, constituting the prime information source worldwide for the selection of materials for equipment in which corrosive media are handled or processed. Furthermore, methods of corrosion protection and prevention are also described. Faced with the task of optimizing a given environment-material system, the user of this work will find answers to the following questions: - Is there information available on the behavior of the material under consideration in a particular medium? - Which materials are out of question for the proposed purpose? - Which materials can be used without hesitation in the medium concerned? - What are the conditions under which a less resistant, less costly material will give satisfactory service? - Which material offers best performance for value under the given circumstances? - What protective measures exist: inhibitors, coatings, cathodic protection, etc.?

Flame Hardening

Author: Hans Wilhelm Grönegress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642867219
Size: 23.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book intended for shop use tries to familiarize the reader with the peculiari ties of a hardening method which due to its many advantages is now in use,many shops. A general knowledge of the principles of hardening and heat treating is presumed. Introduction 1. The name of the process. Flame hardening is a method derived from the old quench hardening and is used for the surface hardening of heat treatable steels. Flame hardening is so named in analogy to flame cutting as the use of a flame is a distinctive feature of this process as opposed to the use of a furnace. 2. Characteristics of flame hardening. In flame hardening the area to be 6 hardened is heated with a burner of large heat capacity (approx. 0.5 · 10 kcaljhr/ meter of flame lengths or 50,000 BTUfhr/inch of flame length) supplied with a mixture of fuel gas and oxygen. The hardening temperature is thus reached in so short a time at the surface that a heat jam is created, that is, more heat is supplied to the surface than can be dissipated to the interior of the workpiece. As the querr ehing takes place immediately after the heating the penetration of the heat to greater depth is prevented and only the outer layer subject to wear is hardened. The core of the workpiece remains unaffected by this heat treatment in cantrast to the other hardening methods where the entire piece is through heated in a furnace.

Konstruktionswerkstoffe Des Maschinen Und Anlagenbaues

Author: Werner Schatt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527625283
Size: 47.17 MB
Format: PDF
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Mit der vollig neu bearbeiteten 5. Auflage der "Konstruktionswerkstoffe" steht Konstrukteuren, Technologen und Werkstoffingenieuren des Maschinen- und Anlagenbaus sowie Studierenden entsprechender Fachrichtungen ein Standardwerk zur Verfugung, das dem technischen Fortschritt und stark verbreiterten Angebot kommerzieller Werkstoffe ebenso gerecht wird wie den mit der Europaisierung einhergehenden Vereinheitlichungen in der Materialwirtschaft. Unter den Gesichtspunkten des Werkstoffeinsatzes in der Praxis und der dabei zu losenden Probleme von Werkstoffauswahl und -substitution werden Werkstoffe aller Materialklassen eingehend erortert. Der Inhalt ist nach Verwendungsgebieten und Gebrauchsanforderungen gegliedert. Nach zwei einleitenden Kapiteln uber die Grundzuge der Werkstoffauswahl und -kennzeichnung folgt die Behandlung Allgemeiner Konstruktionswerkstoffe, von Werkstoffen fur Werkzeuge, fur tiefe und hohe Temperaturen, fur den Einsatz unter Korrosions-, Verschlei?- und Reibbeanspruchung, von Gleit-, Lager- und Federwerkstoffen sowie von Werkstoffen fur losbare und unlosbare Verbindungen. Auf die Herstellung und Verarbeitung der Werkstoffe wird insoweit eingegangen, als sie einen bleibenden Einflu? auf die Werkstoffeigenschaften ausuben oder in Verbindung mit dem Werkstoffeinsatz charakteristisch sind.