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Latin America And The Origins Of Its Twenty First Century

Author: Michael Monteón
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031335250X
Size: 56.95 MB
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Latin American societies were created as pre-industrial colonies, that is, peoples whose cultures and racial makeup were largely determined by having been conquered by Spain or Portugal. In all these societies, a colonial heritage created political and social attitudes that were not conducive to the construction of democratic civil societies. And yet, Latin America has a public life--not merely governments, but citizens who are actively involved in trying to improve the lives and welfare of their populations. Monteon focuses on the relation of people's lifestyles to the evolving pattern of power relations in the region. Much more than a basic description of how people lived, this book melds social history, politics, and economics into one, creating a full picture of Latin American life. There are two poles or markers in the narrative about people's lives: the cities and the countryside. Cities have usually been the political and cultural centers of life, from the conquest to the present. Monteon concentrates on cities in each chronological period, allowing the narrative to explain the change from a religiously-centered life to the secular customs of today, from an urban form organized about a central plaza and based on walking, to one dominated by the automobile and its traffic. Each chapter relates the connections between the city and its countryside, and explains the realities of rural life. Also discussed are customs, diets, games and sports, courting and marriage, and how people work.

Latin America S Turbulent Transitions

Author: Roger Burbach
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780324960
Size: 24.44 MB
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Over the past few years, something remarkable has occurred in Latin America. For the first time since the Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua in the 1980s, people within the region have turned toward radical left governments - specifically in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Why has this profound shift taken place and how does this new, so-called Twenty-First-Century Socialism actually manifest itself? What are we to make of the often fraught relationship between the social movements and governments in these countries and do, in fact, the latter even qualify as 'socialist' in reality? These are the bold and critical questions that Latin America's Turbulent Transitions explores. The authors provocatively argue that although US hegemony in the region is on the wane, the traditional socialist project is also declining and something new is emerging. Going beyond simple conceptions of 'the left', the book reveals the true underpinnings of this powerful, transformative, and yet also complicated and contradictory process.

Latin American Social Movements In The Twenty First Century

Author: Richard Stahler-Sholk
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742556478
Size: 58.77 MB
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This clearly written and comprehensive text examines the uprising of politically and economically marginalized groups in Latin American societies. Specialists in a broad range of disciplines present original research from a variety of case studies in a student-friendly format. Part introductions help students contextualize the essays, highlighting social movement origins, strategies, and outcomes. Thematic sections address historical context, political economy, community-building and consciousness, ethnicity and race, gender, movement strategies, and transnational organizing, making this book useful to anyone studying the wide range of social movements in Latin America.

Latin America In The 21st Century

Author: Gian Luca Gardini
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781780320892
Size: 52.77 MB
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Twenty-first century Latin America is rich in history, culture, and political and social experimentation. In this fascinating and insightful analysis, Gardini looks at contemporary developments at three interconnected levels: the state, the region, and the international position of Latin America. At the state level, leaders such as Evo Morales of Bolivia or Chavez of Venezuela embody a renewed intellectual autonomy in the continent but even so, there are significant discrepancies between their discourse and their actions. At the regional level, while a consensus has emerged over Latin American unity as the only way towards development, the existence of several competing schemes of regional economic and political integration, such as MERCOSUR, ALBA, and UNASUR reflect the actual diversity of the area. At the global level, elements of change such as the rise of Brazil and the availability of non-traditional partners like China coexist with traits of continuity such as the crucial political, economic, and ideational role of Washington. Overall, Gardini argues, Latin America has never been so well-off, so autonomous, so effective in its quest for endogenous development and so well positioned in the world as it is at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Twenty First Century Latin American Narrative And Postmodern Feminism

Author: Gina Ponce de León
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443862835
Size: 57.10 MB
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The authors of Twenty-First Century Latin American Narrative and Postmodern Feminism argue that, while the more traditional feminists of the 20th century did not recognize in their theoretical and literary work the diversity of women’s experiences, current Latin American post-feminist and post-modern writers are proposing a transgressive new social order, resulting in a more significant cultural resistance to the society they represent. The authors included in this volume show that the narrative of the writers analyzed here is not limited to recognizing issues focused on gender or even sexuality, but also explores the female aspiration of a dignified life and overcoming the dominant structures in their social, political and cultural dimension. The complex female situation of this millennium has become the primary quandary while searching for new forms to represent women in literature. In Twenty-First Century Latin American Narrative and Postmodern Feminism, the authors confront this dilemma in a sharp, sophisticated and harmonious way, offering a critical text that will be of interest for both specialists and general readers interested in Latin American literature and culture of the recent years.

Latin American Populism In The Twenty First Century

Author: Carlos de la Torre
Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press / Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 9781421410098
Size: 14.73 MB
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By analyzing the discourse and policies of populist leaders and reviewing their impact in particular countries, these contributors provide a deeper understanding of populism’s democratizing promise as well as the authoritarian tendencies that threaten the foundation of liberal democracy.

Decline Of The U S Hegemony

Author: Bruce M. Bagley
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498506755
Size: 13.76 MB
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The book explores the historical and ideological roots of ALBA and its connection to the region’s various geopolitical and ideological dimensions. The program known as the Chavismo, which has been offered as an alternative for Latin American and Caribbean nations to face the challenges of the twenty-first century, is the main topic of this study.

Why Latin American Nations Fail

Author: Matías Vernengo
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520290291
Size: 42.90 MB
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The question of development is a major topic in courses across the social sciences and history, particularly those focused on Latin America. Many scholars and instructors have tried to pinpoint, explain, and define the problem of underdevelopment in the region. With new ideas have come new strategies that by and large have failed to explain or reduce income disparity and relieve poverty in the region. Why Latin American Nations Fail brings together leading Latin Americanists from several disciplines to address the topic of how and why contemporary development strategies have failed to curb rampant poverty and underdevelopment throughout the region. Given the dramatic political turns in contemporary Latin America, this book offers a much-needed explanation and analysis of the factors that are key to making sense of development today.

Constructing Twenty First Century Socialism In Latin America

Author: S. Motta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137089210
Size: 68.64 MB
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In Constructing Twenty-First Century Socialism: The Role of Radical Education, Motta and Cole explore the role of the politics of knowledge and pedagogy in the reinvention of socialism for the twenty-first century. Through a critical analysis of Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela they deconstruct the mechanisms of neoliberal control as an epistemological project of monologue, closure, and violence against all 'others'. The authors develop an affirmative engagement with the traditions, practices, and politics which seek to challenge this closure through the policies of the counter-hegemonic government of Venezuela, the struggles of social movements in Brazil and Colombia, and the daily resistance of critical educators working in formal educational settings in all three countries. This mapping and analysis not only contribute to struggles for alternatives to capitalism in Latin America, but are translatable to other contexts. The book theorizes that with the exhaustion of neoliberalism, it is time to pedagogize the political and politicize the pedagogical in order to create worlds beyond capitalism.

Reconceptualizing Security In The Americas In The Twenty First Century

Author: Bruce M. Bagley
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739194860
Size: 56.49 MB
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This book describes the major security challenges that face the Americas in the twenty-first century including terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, migration, and continually evolving geopolitical realities. It appeals to those interested in international relations, security studies, comparative politics, and Latin American studies.