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Law Ethics And Compromise At The Limits Of Life

Author: Richard Huxtable
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415492793
Size: 30.71 MB
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This work focuses upon decisions to withhold or withdraw life-supporting treatment from incompetent patients. It offers a critical examination of the latest developments with a view to developing a new framework for resolving disputes in the clinic that is not only theoretically robust but also practically relevant.

Autonomy Paternalism

Author: Thomas Nys
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789042918801
Size: 18.14 MB
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In recent years, the triumph of autonomy has made paternalist interventions increasingly problematic. The value of a patient's right to self-determination and the practice of informed consent are considered supremely important in present-day health care ethics. In general, the idea of 'doctor knows best' has become more and more suspicious. This has left us with a situation in which paternalist medicine seems difficult to reconcile with respect for patient autonomy. This book offers a thorough reflection on the relationship between autonomy and paternalism, and argues that, from both theoretical and practical angles, the tension between these concepts is not as acute as it might seem. In long-term care, psychiatry, and care for the severely handicapped, the principle of respect for autonomy is particularly ill-suited. This, however, does not mean that such respect is totally irrelevant, but that it should take a different shape. Good care in those cases requires us to transcend the sharp dichotomy between autonomy and paternalism. In Autonomy and Paternalism: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Health Care various acclaimed authors present their views on this interesting and extremely relevant debate.

The Immortal Life Of Henrietta Lacks

Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 9780307589385
Size: 78.81 MB
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Now an HBO® Film starring Oprah Winfrey and Rose Byrne #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Her name was Henrietta Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa. She was a poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, and more. Henrietta's cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can't afford health insurance. This phenomenal New York Times bestseller tells a riveting story of the collision between ethics, race, and medicine; of scientific discovery and faith healing; and of a daughter consumed with questions about the mother she never knew.

Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning The Globe

Author: Drue H. Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238477
Size: 44.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Society S Choices

Author: Committee on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Developments in Biomedicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309051320
Size: 42.12 MB
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Breakthroughs in biomedicine often lead to new life-giving treatments but may also raise troubling, even life-and-death, quandaries. Society's Choices discusses ways for people to handle today's bioethics issues in the context of America's unique history and culture--and from the perspectives of various interest groups. The book explores how Americans have grappled with specific aspects of bioethics through commission deliberations, programs by organizations, and other mechanisms and identifies criteria for evaluating the outcomes of these efforts. The committee offers recommendations on the role of government and professional societies, the function of commissions and institutional review boards, and bioethics in health professional education and research. The volume includes a series of 12 superb background papers on public moral discourse, mechanisms for handling social and ethical dilemmas, and other specific areas of controversy by well-known experts Ronald Bayer, Martin Benjamin, Dan W. Brock, Baruch A. Brody, H. Alta Charo, Lawrence Gostin, Bradford H. Gray, Kathi E. Hanna, Elizabeth Heitman, Thomas Nagel, Steven Shapin, and Charles M. Swezey.

Euthanasia All That Matters

Author: Richard Huxtable
Publisher: Hodder & Stoughton
ISBN: 1444157493
Size: 53.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Dignitas clinic in Switzerland may be a long way away. But the issues around euthanasia can suddenly become very close to home. To many, it seems remarkable that in a society where freedom of choice is eulogised, thousands of people find that there is one last choice that they are not free to make. But as this book will show, euthanasia is an issue at the intersection of new technology, old laws, and timeless ethical quandaries, so that even apparently clear-cut cases have many contradictions. Drawing on the latest research and cases from around the world, Richard Huxtable drills deep into the key issues around euthanasia. His is a new, balanced look at an important issue, and it will appeal to lawyers, medical students and - most importantly - those who find themselves or their relatives faced with end of life dilemmas.

Ethics Of Big Data

Author: Kord Davis
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1449357490
Size: 55.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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What are your organization’s policies for generating and using huge datasets full of personal information? This book examines ethical questions raised by the big data phenomenon, and explains why enterprises need to reconsider business decisions concerning privacy and identity. Authors Kord Davis and Doug Patterson provide methods and techniques to help your business engage in a transparent and productive ethical inquiry into your current data practices. Both individuals and organizations have legitimate interests in understanding how data is handled. Your use of data can directly affect brand quality and revenue—as Target, Apple, Netflix, and dozens of other companies have discovered. With this book, you’ll learn how to align your actions with explicit company values and preserve the trust of customers, partners, and stakeholders. Review your data-handling practices and examine whether they reflect core organizational values Express coherent and consistent positions on your organization’s use of big data Define tactical plans to close gaps between values and practices—and discover how to maintain alignment as conditions change over time Maintain a balance between the benefits of innovation and the risks of unintended consequences

Ethical Challenges In Study Design And Informed Consent For Health Research In Resource Poor Settings

Author: Patricia Loomis Marshall
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241563389
Size: 74.60 MB
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This review considers ethical challenges to research design and informed consent in biomedical and behavioral studies conducted in resource-poor settings. A review of the literature explores relevant social, cultural, and ethical issues in the conduct of biomedical and social health research in developing countries. Ten case vignettes illustrate ethical challenges that arise in international research with culturally diverse populations. Recommendations for researchers and policy-makers concerned about ethical practices in multinational studies conducted in resource-poor settings are also listed.

Assessing Genetic Risks

Author: Lori B. Andrews
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
Size: 76.27 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents a current assessment of this rapidly evolving field, offering principles for actions and research and policy recommendations on key issues in genetic testing and screening. Among the important issues covered are quality control in genetic gesting; appropriate roles for public agencies, private health practitioners, research laboratories and centers, and companies involved in testing; value-neutral education and counseling for persons considering testing; use of test results in insurance, employment, and other settings; and more.

Medicine Patients And The Law

Author: Margaret Brazier
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1526100517
Size: 50.44 MB
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Embryo research, cloning, assisted conception, neonatal care, savior siblings, organ transplants, drug trials modern developments have transformed the field of medicine almost beyond recognition in recent decades and the law struggles to keep up. At the same time legal claims against doctors and the NHS has grown and doctors feel under siege. In this highly acclaimed and very accessible book, Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave provide an incisive survey of the legal situation in areas as diverse as fertility treatment, surrogacy, patient consent, euthanasia and the definition of death, malpractice and medical privacy. The sixth edition of this book has been fully revised and updated to cover; Over 50 new cases, including the latest cases on assisted dying, court-authorised sterilisation, treatment without consent and confidentiality; Full analysis of recent Supreme Court decisions on informed consent (Montgomery v Lanarkshire [2015], assisted dying (R (Nicklinson and Lamb) v Ministry of Justice [2014]), conscientious objection (Doogan v Greater Glasgow Health Board[2014] and deprivation of liberty (Cheshire West [2014]); New national and EU legislation on healthcare research, organ donation and data protection; Recent guidance and reports such as the General Medical Council's Good Medical Practice (2013), the Francis Inquiry report (2013) and Select Committee Reports on mental capacity; Analysis of reforms of the NHS, the duty of candour, legal aid and professional regulation; Technological advances such as assisted conception, cloning and human tissue and the regulatory response; Doomed and ongoing legislative reform proposals including those on assisted dying, NHS redress and medical innovation. Essential reading for healthcare professionals, lecturers, medical and law students, this book is of relevance to all whose perusal of the daily news causes wonder, hope and consternation at the advances and limitations of medicine and the law and the impact on patients.