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Law Human Agency And Autonomic Computing

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136807667
Size: 60.71 MB
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Law, Human Agency and Autonomic Computing interrogates the legal implications of the notion and experience of human agency implied by the emerging paradigm of autonomic computing, and the socio-technical infrastructures it supports. The development of autonomic computing and ambient intelligence – self-governing systems – challenge traditional philosophical conceptions of human self-constitution and agency, with significant consequences for the theory and practice of constitutional self-government. Ideas of identity, subjectivity, agency, personhood, intentionality, and embodiment are all central to the functioning of modern legal systems. But once artificial entities become more autonomic, and less dependent on deliberate human intervention, criteria like agency, intentionality and self-determination, become too fragile to serve as defining criteria for human subjectivity, personality or identity, and for characterizing the processes through which individual citizens become moral and legal subjects. Are autonomic – yet artificial – systems shrinking the distance between (acting) subjects and (acted upon) objects? How ‘distinctively human’ will agency be in a world of autonomic computing? Or, alternatively, does autonomic computing merely disclose that we were never, in this sense, ‘human’ anyway? A dialogue between philosophers of technology and philosophers of law, this book addresses these questions, as it takes up the unprecedented opportunity that autonomic computing and ambient intelligence offer for a reassessment of the most basic concepts of law.

Materiality And Organizing

Author: Paul M. Leonardi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191640670
Size: 13.89 MB
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Ask a person on the street whether new technologies bring about important social change and you are likely to hear a resounding "yes." But the answer is less definitive amongst academics who study technology and social practice. Scholarly writing has been heavily influenced by the ideology of technological determinism - the belief that some types or technologically driven social changes are inevitable and cannot be stopped. Rather than argue for or against notions of determinism, the authors in this book ask how the materiality (the arrangement of physical, digital, or rhetorical materials into particular forms that endure across differences in place and time) of technologies, ranging from computer-simulation tools and social media, to ranking devices and rumours, is actually implicated in the process of formal and informal organizing. The book builds a new theoretical framework to consider the important socio-technical changes confronting people's everyday experiences in and outside of work. Leading scholars in the field contribute original chapters examining the complex interactions between technology and the social, between artefact and humans. The discussion spans multiple disciplines, including management, information systems, informatics, communication, sociology, and the history of technology, and opens up a new area of research regarding the relationship between materiality and organizing.

Human Law And Computer Law Comparative Perspectives

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940076314X
Size: 79.34 MB
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The focus of this book is on the epistemological and hermeneutic implications of data science and artificial intelligence for democracy and the Rule of Law. How do the normative effects of automated decision systems or the interventions of robotic fellow ‘beings’ compare to the legal effect of written and unwritten law? To investigate these questions the book brings together two disciplinary perspectives rarely combined within the framework of one volume. One starts from the perspective of ‘code and law’ and the other develops from the domain of ‘law and literature’. Integrating original analyses of relevant novels or films, the authors discuss how computational technologies challenge traditional forms of legal thought and affect the regulation of human behavior. Thus, pertinent questions are raised about the theoretical assumptions underlying both scientific and legal practice.

Privacy Due Process And The Computational Turn

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134619081
Size: 70.76 MB
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Privacy, Due process and the Computational Turn: The Philosophy of Law Meets the Philosophy of Technology engages with the rapidly developing computational aspects of our world including data mining, behavioural advertising, iGovernment, profiling for intelligence, customer relationship management, smart search engines, personalized news feeds, and so on in order to consider their implications for the assumptions on which our legal framework has been built. The contributions to this volume focus on the issue of privacy, which is often equated with data privacy and data security, location privacy, anonymity, pseudonymity, unobservability, and unlinkability. Here, however, the extent to which predictive and other types of data analytics operate in ways that may or may not violate privacy is rigorously taken up, both technologically and legally, in order to open up new possibilities for considering, and contesting, how we are increasingly being correlated and categorizedin relationship with due process – the right to contest how the profiling systems are categorizing and deciding about us.

Automaten Als Tr Ger Von Rechten

Author: Andreas Matthias
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783832519025
Size: 69.20 MB
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Traditionell tragen der Hersteller und der Betreiber einer Maschine die Verantwortung für die Folgen ihres Betriebs. Autonome, lernende Maschinen, die auf neuronalen Netzwerken, genetischen Algorithmen und Agentenarchitekturen basieren, erzeugen eine neue Situation. Der Hersteller oder Betreiber der Maschine kann in diesen Fällen das Verhalten der Maschine grundsätzlich nicht mehr voraussehen. Er kann daher weder rechtlich noch moralisch dafür verantwortlich gemacht werden. In dieser Arbeit wird untersucht, ob und unter welchen Bedingungen der Maschine selbst die Verantwortung für die Folgen ihres Handelns zugeschrieben werden kann. Dabei wird Personalität in einer historischen und soziologischen Perspektive untersucht. Es zeigt sich, dass die Verbindung zwischen "Mensch sein " und Personalität nicht so eng ist, wie oft angenommen wird. Alle menschlichen Kulturen kennen nichtmenschliche, quasipersonale Entitäten: Götter, Dämonen, Totengeister, heilige Idole. Andererseits wurde und wird Menschen oft die volle Personalität abgesprochen. Diese Untersuchung zeigt, wie sich daraus ein Argument zugunsten der Verantwortungsfähigkeit der Maschine ableiten lässt.Der Autor war über ein Jahrzeht lang als Softwareentwickler und Dozent für Programmiersprachen an der Universität Kassel tätig und lehrt derzeit Philosophie an der Lingnan Universität, Hong Kong.

Rechtssoziologie

Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322956997
Size: 67.99 MB
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Inhalt: Klassische Ansätze zur Rechtssoziologie - Rechtsbildung: Grundlagen einer soziologischen Theorie - Recht als Struktur der Gesellschaft - Positives Recht - Sozialer Wandel durch positives Recht - Rechtssystem und Rechtstheorie.