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Law State And Society In Modern Iran

Author: H. Enayat
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137282029
Size: 67.98 MB
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Using a 'Historical Institutionalist' approach, this book sheds light on a relatively understudied dimension of state-building in early twentieth century Iran, namely the quest for judicial reform and the rule of law from the 1906 Constitutional Revolution to the end of Reza Shah's rule in 1941.

Iran Revisited

Author: Ali Pirzadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319304852
Size: 72.19 MB
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This book examines Modern Iran through an interdisciplinary analysis of its cultural norms, history and institutional environment. The goal is to underline strengths and weaknesses of Iranian society as a whole, and to illustrate less prescriptive explanations for the way Iran is seen through a lens of persistent collective conduct rather than erratic historical occurrences. Throughout its history, Iran has been subject to many studies, all of which have diagnosed the country’s problem and prescribed solutions based on certain theoretical grounds. This book intends to look inward, seeking cultural explanations for Iran’s perpetual inability to improve its society. The theme in this book is based on the eloquent words of Nasir Khusrau, a great Iranian poet: “az mast ki bar mast”. The words are from a poem describing a self-adoring eagle that sees its life abruptly ended by an arrow winged with its own feathers—the bird is doomed by its own vanity. The closest interpretation of this idiom in Western Christian culture is “you reap what you sow”, which conveys a similar message that underlines one’s responsibility in the sense that, sooner or later, we must face the choices we make. This would enable us to confront – and live up to – what Iran’s history and culture have taught us.

Islamic Law And Society In Iran

Author: Nobuaki Kondo
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 135178319X
Size: 72.77 MB
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The relationship between Islamic law and society is an important issue in Iran under the Islamic Republic. Although Islamic law was a pivotal element in the traditional Iranian society, no comprehensive research has been made until today. This is because modern reformers emphasized the lack of rule of law in nineteenth-century Iran. However, a legal system did exist, and Islamic law was a substantial part of it. This is the first book on the relationship between Islamic law and the Iranian society during the nineteenth century. The author explores the legal aspects of urban society in Iran and provides the social context in which political process occurred and examines how authorities applied law in society, how people utilized the law, and how the law regulated society. Based on rich archival sources including court records and private deeds from Qajar Tehran, this book explores how Islamic law functioned in Iranian society. The judicial system, sharia court, and religious endowments (vaqf) are fully discussed, and the role of ‘ulama as legal experts is highlighted throughout the book. It challenges nationalist and modernist views on nineteenth-century Iran and provides a unique model in terms of the relationship between Islamic law and society, which is rather different from the Ottoman case. Providing an understanding of this legal system in Iran and its role in society, this book offers a basis for assessing the motives and results of modern reforms as well as the modernist discourse. This book will be of interest to students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies.

The Oxford Handbook Of Islamic Law

Author: Anver M. Emon
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks in Law
ISBN: 0199679010
Size: 26.72 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive survey of the contemporary study of Islamic law and a critical analysis of its deficiencies. Written by outstanding senior and emerging scholars in their fields, it offers an innovative historiographical examination of the field of Islamic law and an idealintroduction to key personalities and concepts. While capturing the state of contemporary Islamic legal studies by chronicling how far the field has come, the Handbook also explains why certain debates recur and indicates fundamental gaps in our knowledge. Each chapter presents bold new avenues for research and will help readers appreciate thecontested nature of key concepts and topics in Islamic law. This Handbook will be a major reference work for scholars and students of Islam and Islamic law for years to come.

Gender And Society In Turkey

Author: Saniye Dedeoglu
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857721291
Size: 48.53 MB
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In a promising move towards equal citizenship rights and promoting gender equality, Turkey’s recent welfare reforms appear to address fundamental problems – the patriarchal system that limits women’s lives to their roles as wives and mothers, and their labour to informal and unskilled sectors. Yet these policies, guided by the process of accession to the European Union (EU), have conflicting outcomes for women. Here, Gender and Society in Turkey presents an overview of the gendered nature of the Turkish welfare state and also an account of how the current welfare reform process affects the nature of broader gender practices in Turkey._x000D_ _x000D_ While women continue to be used as ‘symbolic pawns’ in political manoeuvring and debate, from which women themselves are mainly absent, the socially conservative yet economically liberal policies of Erdogan’s AKP government have in practice weakened concrete gains for women. Formal equality and market-led social security reform combined with an emphasis on Islamic charity and traditional family roles cause a contradiction that undermines efforts to close the gender gap. Furthermore, these reforms, while promising equality for women, can in some cases protect traditional gender roles while in others stigmatize women as a weaker, more vulnerable group in need of special protection._x000D_ _x000D_ This book approaches the gendered core of Turkey’s reform programme through various disciplines and from an array of viewpoints: from income and employment disparities to the controversial Evlatl?k institution, and from women activists in trade unions to the persistent challenges of cultural conservatism and patriarchal structures. A comprehensive and important analysis of the Turkish welfare regime and of EU policy through the lens of gender makes this book indispensable for all those interested in Turkish and Middle East studies, the EU, sociology, gender studies and globalisation. _x000D_

Freedom Of Speech And Islam

Author: Dr Erich Kolig
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472424026
Size: 49.60 MB
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Freedom of speech and expression is considered in the West a high public good and an important social value, underpinned by legislative and ethical norms. Its importance is not shared to the same extent by conservative and devout Muslims, who read Islamic doctrines in ways seemingly incompatible with Western notions of freedom of speech. Featuring experts across a spectrum of fields within Islamic studies, Freedom of Speech and Islam considers Islamic concepts of blasphemy, apostasy and heresy and their applicability in the modern world.

Women And Politics In Iran

Author: Hamideh Sedghi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139463721
Size: 49.52 MB
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Why were urban women veiled in the early 1900s, unveiled from 1936 to 1979, and reveiled after the 1979 revolution? This question forms the basis of Hamideh Sedghi's original and unprecedented contribution to politics and Middle Eastern studies. Using primary and secondary sources, Sedghi offers new knowledge on women's agency in relation to state power. In this rigorous analysis she places contention over women at the centre of the political struggle between secular and religious forces and demonstrates that control over women's identities, sexuality, and labor has been central to the consolidation of state power. Sedghi links politics and culture with economics to present an integrated analysis of the private and public lives of different classes of women and their modes of resistance to state power.

The Borders Of Islam

Author: Stig Jarle Hansen
ISBN: 9780231154222
Size: 65.84 MB
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In The Clash of Civilizations, Samuel Huntington argued that the borders between Western and Islamic civilizations would one day become the loci of cultural conflict. The statements of Osama Bin-Laden would seem to support this view. "This battle is not between al-Qaeda and the U.S.," he famously said in October of 2001. "This is a battle of Muslims against the Global Crusaders." These specially commissioned essays critically examine the virtual and actual borders of Islamic civilization. Contributors concentrate on local dynamics and whether they support or contradict an emerging global confrontation between Islam and its Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, and secular neighbors. They consider borders that host Muslim majorities (Afghanistan, Bosnia, Chechnya, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Somalia, Pakistan, and Turkey), those that have significant Muslim minorities (Phillipines, Nigeria, and India), and those that reflect new faultlines created by migration to France, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Spain or by advances in technology. Essays explore the rise of international Salafi jihadism and whether it can be traced to countries that straddle the Islamic and non-Islamic world. In conclusion, the contributors argue that mechanisms far more complex than those described in Huntington's Clash of Civilizations influence many border regions, suggesting that, while poverty and institutional failure heighten religious awareness and practice, the actual effects of these phenomena are entirely different.

China And Islam

Author: Matthew S. Erie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316577996
Size: 28.40 MB
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China and Islam examines the intersection of two critical issues of the contemporary world: Islamic revival and an assertive China, questioning the assumption that Islamic law is incompatible with state law. It finds that both Hui and the Party-State invoke, interpret, and make arguments based on Islamic law, a minjian (unofficial) law in China, to pursue their respective visions of 'the good'. Based on fieldwork in Linxia, 'China's Little Mecca', this study follows Hui clerics, youthful translators on the 'New Silk Road', female educators who reform traditional madrasas, and Party cadres as they reconcile Islamic and socialist laws in the course of the everyday. The first study of Islamic law in China and one of the first ethnographic accounts of law in postsocialist China, China and Islam unsettles unidimensional perceptions of extremist Islam and authoritarian China through Hui minjian practices of law.