Download legal aspects of carbon trading kyoto copenhagen and beyond in pdf or read legal aspects of carbon trading kyoto copenhagen and beyond in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get legal aspects of carbon trading kyoto copenhagen and beyond in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Legal Aspects Of Carbon Trading

Author: David Freestone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199565937
Size: 26.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2131
Download and Read
Since 2005 the carbon market has grown to a value of nearly $100 billion per annum, including the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and other schemes. This work covers the legal aspects of these schemes, as well as reform of the ETS, and the successor regime to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol currently being negotiated. It will be invaluable to those involved in the field.

Emissions Trading Schemes

Author: Sanja Bogojevic
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782251650
Size: 40.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7487
Download and Read
Over the last four decades emissions trading has enjoyed a high profile in environmental law scholarship and in environmental law and policy. Much of the discussion is promotional, preferring emissions trading above other regulatory strategies without, however, engaging with legal complexities embedded in conceptualising, scrutinising and managing emissions trading regimes. The combined effect of these debates is to create a perception that emissions trading is a straightforward regulatory strategy, imposable across various jurisdictions and environmental settings. This book shows that this view is problematic for at least two reasons. First, emissions trading responds to distinct environmental and non-environmental goals, including creating profit-centres, substituting bureaucratic control of resources, and ensuring regulatory compliance. This is important, as the particular purpose entrusted to a given emissions trading regime has, as its corollary, a particular governance structure, according to which the regime may be constructed and managed, and which trusts the emissions market, the state and rights in emissions allowances with distinct roles. Second, the governance structures of emissions trading regimes are culture-specific, which is a significant reminder of the importance of law in understanding not only how emissions trading schemes function but also what meaning is given to them as regulatory strategies. This is shown by deconstructing emissions trading discourses: that is, by inquiring into the assumptions about emissions trading, as featuring in emissions trading scholarship and in debates involving law and policymakers and the judiciary at the EU level. Ultimately, this book makes a strong argument for reconfiguring the common understanding of emissions trading schemes as regulatory strategies, and sets out a framework for analysis to sustain that reconfiguration.

Emissions Trading Schemes Under International Economic Law

Author: James Munro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192563866
Size: 62.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3567
Download and Read
The announcement by China that it will implement a national emissions trading scheme confirms the status of this instrument as the pre-eminent policy choice for mitigating climate change. China will join the dozens of existing and emerging schemes around the world - from the EU to California, South Korea to New Zealand - that use carbon units (otherwise known as emissions permits or carbon credits) to trade in greenhouse gas emissions in a multi-billion dollar global carbon market. However, to date, there has been no consensus about this pre-eminent policy instrument being regulated by international economic law through the World Trade Organization, international investment agreements, and free trade agreements. Munro addresses this issue by evaluating whether carbon units qualify as 'goods', 'services', 'financial services', and 'investments' under international economic law and showing how international economic law applies to emissions trading scheme in diverse and unexpected ways. Further, by engaging in a comparative assessment of schemes around the world, his book illustrates how and why all emissions trading schemes engage in various forms of violations of international economic law which would not, in most instances, be justified by environmental or other exceptions. In doing so, he demonstrates how such schemes can be designed or reformed in ways to ensure their future compliance.

International Trade Regulation And The Mitigation Of Climate Change

Author: Thomas Cottier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN:
Size: 24.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7015
Download and Read
Drawing on the expertise of leading voices, this book takes stock of key challenges in addressing climate change mitigation, serving as a reference tool for understanding the interface between international trade and climate and shedding light on key issues including global commons, border tax adjustment, subsidies and biofuels.

Criminological And Legal Consequences Of Climate Change

Author: Stephen Farrall
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847319203
Size: 75.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1199
Download and Read
This edited collection, the result of an international seminar held at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati, Spain in 2010, explores the potential legal and criminological consequences of climate change, both domestically and for the international community. A novel feature of the book is the consideration given to the potential synergies between the two disciplinary foci, thus to encourage among legal scholars and criminologists not only an analysis of the consequences of climate change from these perspectives but to bring these fields together to provide a unique, inter-disciplinary exploration of the ways in which climate change does, or could, impact on our societies. Such an inter-disciplinary approach is necessary given that climate change is a multifaceted phenomenon and one which is intimately linked across disciplines. To study this topic from the point of view of a single social science discipline restricts our understanding of the societal consequences of climate change. It is hoped that this edited collection will identify emerging areas of concern, illuminate areas for further research and, most of all, encourage future academic discussion on this most critical of issues.

The International Law Of Property

Author: John G. Sprankling
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191502529
Size: 46.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2560
Download and Read
Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.

Compliance With The Eu Ets

Author: Sophia Künze
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656328803
Size: 22.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1876
Download and Read
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Law - Miscellaneous, Maastricht University (Faculty of Law), course: Environmental Law, language: English, abstract: [...] Subject of the examination of the paper is the system of enforcement the EU ETS provides in the field of monitoring, reporting and verifying by analyzing the compliance tools and by taking the German implementation as an example to review problems and case law of the first trading periods. Since a sound system of enforcement provided by the EU-ETS to ensure compliance is extremely important, the second chapter of this thesis will review the mechanism foreseen in the directive, the so-called compliance cycle, which is based on monitoring, reporting and verifying; taking into account also the enforcement system’s unique characteristics in contrast to other environmental law instruments. After documenting the obligation of the operators of the installations covered by the directive have, like monitoring and constantly reporting on their emission in order to achieve the permission to emit, possibly appearing problems will be shown. Since the member states themselves are in charge of enforcement and therefore control the obligations of operators and verifier provided in the Directive 2003/87 in connection with the Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines of the Commission, in the third chapter of this thesis a case study will show how this challenge is implemented practically on the German example. More specifically, after analyzing the framework given by the EU in the Directive 2003/87, it will be analyzed throughout the third chapter how the German legislator coped with the challenge of implementing an effective system and what possible weaknesses are detected. Moreover, it will be reviewed what problems the operators have been facing in the first trading periods and also how the German authorities dealt with upcoming challenges. Due to the different operators and the different steps within the compliance cycle, different defects at different levels may appear: incomplete or incorrect data can be forwarded by the installation operators, verification by the private verifier could be biased in favor for one party and installations can emit more than they are allowed to. Additionally case law will show what role the courts in the compliance system play and how their decisions influenced the development of the enforcement system in Germany. At last section four of this article provides some concluding remarks.

Eu Climate Policy Explained

Author: Jos Delbeke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317338111
Size: 42.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4291
Download and Read
The EU has been the region of the world where the most climate policies have been implemented, and where practical policy experimentation in the field of the environment and climate change has been taking place at a rapid pace over the last twenty-five years. This has led to considerable success in reducing pollution, decoupling emissions from economic growth and fostering global technological leadership. The objective of the book is to explain the EU's climate policies in an accessible way, to demonstrate the step-by-step approach that has been used to develop these policies, and the ways in which they have been tested and further improved in the light of experience. The book shows that there is no single policy instrument that can bring down greenhouse gas emissions, but the challenge has been to put a jigsaw of policy instruments together that is coherent, delivers emissions reductions, and is cost-effective. The book differs from existing books by the fact it covers the EU's emissions trading system, the energy sector and other economic sectors, including their development in the context of international climate policy. Set against the backdrop of the 2015 UN Climate Change conference in Paris, this accessible book will be of great relevance to students, scholars and policy makers alike.

Climate Finance

Author: Richard B. Stewart
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 081474138X
Size: 17.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5162
Download and Read
Preventing risks of severe damage from climate change not only requires deep cuts in developed country greenhouse gas emissions, but enormous amounts of public and private investment to limit emissions while promoting green growth in developing countries. While attention has focused on emissions limitations commitments and architectures, the crucial issue of what must be done to mobilize and govern the necessary financial resources has received too little consideration. In Climate Finance, a leading group of policy experts and scholars shows how effective mitigation of climate change will depend on a complex mix of public funds, private investment through carbon markets, and structured incentives that leave room for developing country innovations. This requires sophisticated national and global regulation of cap-and-trade and offset markets, forest and energy policy, international development funding, international trade law, and coordinated tax policy. Thirty-six targeted policy essays present a succinct overview of the emerging field of climate finance, defining the issues, setting the stakes, and making new and comprehensive proposals for financial, regulatory, and governance mechanisms that will enrich political and policy debate for many years to come. The complex challenges of climate finance will continue to demand fresh insights and creative approaches. The ideas in this volume mark out starting points for essential institutional and policy innovations.