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Life As Its Own Designer

Author: Anton Markoš
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402099700
Size: 16.61 MB
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It has been nearly 150 years since Darwin published On the Origin of Species, and his theory of natural selection still ignites a forest of heated debate between scientific fundamentalists on the one hand and religious fundamentalists on the other. But both sides actually agree more than they disagree, and what has long been needed is a third way to view evolution, one that focuses more on the aspect of life and “being alive”, one that can guide us through, and perhaps out of, the fiery thicket. This book, a seminal work in the burgeoning field of Biosemiotics, provides that third way, by viewing living beings as genuine agents designing their communication pathways with, and in, the world. Already hailed as the best account of biological hermeneutics, Life As Its Own Designer: Darwin’s Origin and Western Thought is a wholly unique book divided into two parts. The first part is philosophical and explores the roots of rationality and the hermeneutics of the natural world with the overriding goal of discovering how narrative can help us to explain life. It analyzes why novelty is so hard to comprehend in the framework of Western thinking and confronts head-on the chasm between evolutionism and traditional rationalistic worldviews. The second part is scientific. It focuses on the life of living beings, treating them as co-creators of their world in the process of evolution. It draws on insights gleaned from the global activity of the Gaian biosphere, considers likeness as demonstrated on homology studies, and probes the problem of evo-devo science from the angle of life itself. This book is both timely and vital. Past attempts at a third way to view evolution have failed because they were written either by scientists who lacked a philosophical grounding or New Age thinkers who lacked biological credibility. Markoš and his coworkers form an original group of thinkers supremely capable in both fields, and they have fashioned a book that is ideal for researchers and scholars from both the humanities and sciences who are interested in the history and philosophy of biology, biosemiotics, and the evolution of life.

The Oxford Handbook Of Ecocriticism

Author: Greg Garrard
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199742928
Size: 16.90 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Ecocriticism explores a range of critical perspectives used to analyze literature, film, and the visual arts in relation to the natural environment. Since the publication of field-defining works by Lawrence Buell, Jonathan Bate, and Cheryll Glotfelty and Harold Fromm in the 1990s, ecocriticism has become a conventional paradigm for critical analysis alongside queer theory, deconstruction, and postcolonial studies. The field includes numerous approaches, genres, movements, and media, as the essays collected here demonstrate. The contributors come from around the globe and, similarly, the literature and media covered originate from several countries and continents. Taken together, the essays consider how literary and other cultural productions have engaged with the natural environment to investigate climate change, environmental justice, sustainability, the nature of "humanity," and more. Featuring thirty-four original chapters, the volume is organized into three major areas. The first, History, addresses topics such as the Renaissance pastoral, Romantic poetry, the modernist novel, and postmodern transgenic art. The second, Theory, considers how traditional critical theories have expanded to include environmental perspectives. Included in this section are essays on queer theory, science studies, deconstruction, and postcolonialism. Genre, the final major section, explores the specific artforms that have animated the field over the past decade, including nature writing, children's literature, animated films, and digital media. A short section entitled Views from Here concludes the handbook by zeroing in on the various transnational perspectives informing the continued dissemination and globalization of the field.

International Handbook Of Semiotics

Author: Peter Pericles Trifonas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401794049
Size: 23.20 MB
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This book provides an extensive overview and analysis of current work on semiotics that is being pursued globally in the areas of literature, the visual arts, cultural studies, media, the humanities, natural sciences and social sciences. Semiotics—also known as structuralism—is one of the major theoretical movements of the 20th century and its influence as a way to conduct analyses of cultural products and human practices has been immense. This is a comprehensive volume that brings together many otherwise fragmented academic disciplines and currents, uniting them in the framework of semiotics. Addressing a longstanding need, it provides a global perspective on recent and ongoing semiotic research across a broad range of disciplines. The handbook is intended for all researchers interested in applying semiotics as a critical lens for inquiry across diverse disciplines.

Cultural Implications Of Biosemiotics

Author: Paul Cobley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402408584
Size: 70.32 MB
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This is the first book to consider the major implications for culture of the new science of biosemiotics. The volume is mainly aimed at an audience outside biosemiotics and semiotics, in the humanities and social sciences principally, who will welcome elucidation of the possible benefits to their subject area from a relatively new field. The book is therefore devoted to illuminating the extent to which biosemiotics constitutes an ‘epistemological break’ with ‘modern’ modes of conceptualizing culture. It shows biosemiotics to be a significant departure from those modes of thought that neglect to acknowledge continuity across nature, modes which install culture and the vicissitudes of the polis at the centre of their deliberations. The volume exposes the untenability of the ‘culture/nature’ division, presenting a challenge to the many approaches that can only produce an understanding of culture as a realm autonomous and divorced from nature.

Natur Als Bedeutung

Author: Andreas Weber
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826024719
Size: 69.80 MB
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"Natur als Bedeutung" ist der Entwurf einer ästhetischen Theorie der Natur aus der Perspektive einer Biologie als Bedeutungslehre. Sie versucht, sowohl die Kultur als auch die menschliche Existenz als Lebewesen unter dem einheitlichen Blickwinkel organischer Verkörpertheit zu verstehen. Dies geschieht in bewußter Abwendung von gängigen evolutionären Theorien des Ästhetischen. Organismen werden nicht als deterministische Überlebensmaschinen gedacht, sondern autopoietisch als komplexe, sich selbst herstellende, und aus ihren existentiellen Bedürfnissen Bedeutungen erzeugende Systeme. Leben ist ein fundamental semiotisches Phänomen. In einer solchen Biosemiotik entsteht Sinn nicht nach dem Modell arbiträrer Zeichensy-steme von Texten, sondern entschlüsselt sich in den existentiellen Bedürfnissen des Organismus. Damit vollzieht die Arbeit auch eine Abwendung von gängigen poststrukturalistischen Ästhetiken. Vielmehr wird im ästhetischen Erlebnis der Natur die prinzipell problematische conditio vitae, dieser Rahmen auch der conditio humana, zeichenhaft transparent. Dieser Umstand erklärt die überwältigende Konjunktur von Natursymbolen in allen Kulturen der Welt, früher und archaischer, aber auch westlich-moderner. Natur, als lebende Form, ist Symbol organischer Intentionalität. Die tiefste Bedeutung der Natur für den Menschen ist somit, die reale Präsenz seines eigenen, letztlich unergründlichen, Selbst zu ermöglichen.

Der Begriff Der Genese In Physik Biologie Und Entwicklungsgeschichte

Author: Kurt Lewin
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662264579
Size: 37.47 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Alles F Hlt

Author: Andreas Weber
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827072883
Size: 52.85 MB
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Seit jeher erklärt uns die Wissenschaft: Alle Lebewesen werden von Reflexen und Genen gesteuert. Doch was ist mit den Gefühlen? Lassen sie sich mit der Naturwissenschaft vereinbaren? Klar und packend erläutert Andreas Weber die Revolution der Lebenswissenschaften: Tiere und Pflanzen sind inniger mit uns verwandt, als wir jemals vermutet hätten. An ihnen erfahren wir zentrale Dimensionen unserer Gefühle. Daraus ergibt sich eine brisante Erkenntnis: Nur wenn wir die Natur bewahren, werden wir unsere eigene Humanität und Freiheit retten können.

Das Egoistische Gen

Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Size: 16.18 MB
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.