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Lines And Curves

Author: Victor Gutenmacher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475738099
Size: 25.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Broad appeal to undergraduate teachers, students, and engineers; Concise descriptions of properties of basic planar curves from different perspectives; useful handbook for software engineers; A special chapter---"Geometry on the Web"---will further enhance the usefulness of this book as an informal tutorial resource.; Good mathematical notation, descriptions of properties of lines and curves, and the illustration of geometric concepts facilitate the design of computer graphics tools and computer animation.; Video game designers, for example, will find a clear discussion and illustration of hard-to-understand trajectory design concepts.; Good supplementary text for geometry courses at the undergraduate and advanced high school levels

Practical Handbook Of Curve Fitting

Author: Sandra Arlinghaus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849301438
Size: 10.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Practical Handbook of Curve Fitting is a reference work assembled by Arlinghaus and a set of editors with well over a century of combined experience in various disciplines and activities related to curve fitting. The book demonstrates how to analyze World data bases and graph and map the results. Default settings in software packages can produce attractive graphs of data imported into the software. Often, however, the default graph has no equation associated with it and cannot therefore be used as a tool for further analysis or projection of the data. The same software can often be used to generate curves from equations. The reader is shown directly, and in a series of steps, how to fit curves to data using Lotus 1-2-3. There are traditional unbounded curve fitting techniques-lines of least squares, exponentials, logistic curves, and Gompertz curves. There is the bounded curve fitting technique of cubic spline interpolation. Beyond these, there is a detailed application of Feigenbaum's graphical analysis from chaos theory, and there is a hint as to how fractal geometry might come into play. Curve fitting algorithms take on new life when they are actually used on real-world data. They are used in numerous worked examples drawn from electronic data bases of public domain information from the Stars data base of The World Bank and from the WRD data base of the World Resources Institute. The applications are current and reflect a state-of-the-art interest in the human dimensions of global change.

Beautiful Geometry

Author: Eli Maor
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780691175881
Size: 63.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1191
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"If you've ever thought that mathematics and art don't mix, this stunning visual history of geometry will change your mind. As much a work of art as a book about mathematics, Beautiful Geometry presents more than sixty exquisite color plates illustrating a wide range of geometric patterns and theorems, accompanied by brief accounts of the fascinating history and people behind each. With artwork by Swiss artist Eugen Jost and text by acclaimed math historian Eli Maor, this unique celebration of geometry covers numerous subjects, from straightedge-and-compass constructions to intriguing configurations involving infinity. The result is a delightful and informative illustrated tour through the 2,500-year-old history of one of the most important and beautiful branches of mathematics"--

Practical Handbook Of Spreadsheet Curves And Geometric Constructions

Author: Deane Arganbright
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849389382
Size: 61.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Practical Handbook of Spreadsheet Curves and Geometric Constructions presents a compelling description of how to use commercially available spreadsheets to design and create high-quality graphs of a variety of curves, including classical curves in mathematics. The book contains more than 65 models for the geometric construction of families of curves such as strophoids, pedals, involutes, and others. Models in the book are designed to be interactive so that users can experiment with them to produce eye-catching curves, designs, and patterns. Examples come from calculus, parametric equations, constructions of classical families, and graphs of conformal mappings of a complex variable. The author, a leading authority on spreadsheets, presents innovative techniques for using spreadsheet graphing to generate large families of lines and circles that describe various curves as envelopes of the families. The final chapter of the book discusses the use of commercial spreadsheets to create animation effects. The book is heavily illustrated, with more than 200 graphs and 60 tables. An accompanying 3.5" disk provides 25 selected examples written in Quattro Pro 2.0, Lotus 1-2-3 2.3, and Microsoft Excel 4.0. Designed for both experienced and novice spreadsheet users, Practical Handbook of Spreadsheet Curves and Geometric Constructions will be an invaluable resource for mathematicians, engineers, scientists, and computer scientists. The book will also benefit professional artists and designers interested in learning new techniques for producing mathematical curves using spreadsheet software.

Elliptic Curves

Author: Lawrence C. Washington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420071474
Size: 49.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Handbook Of Finite Fields

Author: Gary L. Mullen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439873828
Size: 25.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Poised to become the leading reference in the field, the Handbook of Finite Fields is exclusively devoted to the theory and applications of finite fields. More than 80 international contributors compile state-of-the-art research in this definitive handbook. Edited by two renowned researchers, the book uses a uniform style and format throughout and each chapter is self contained and peer reviewed. The first part of the book traces the history of finite fields through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The second part presents theoretical properties of finite fields, covering polynomials, special functions, sequences, algorithms, curves, and related computational aspects. The final part describes various mathematical and practical applications of finite fields in combinatorics, algebraic coding theory, cryptographic systems, biology, quantum information theory, engineering, and other areas. The book provides a comprehensive index and easy access to over 3,000 references, enabling you to quickly locate up-to-date facts and results regarding finite fields.

Practical Handbook Of Curve Fitting

Author: Sandra Arlinghaus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849301438
Size: 48.14 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4973
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Practical Handbook of Curve Fitting is a reference work assembled by Arlinghaus and a set of editors with well over a century of combined experience in various disciplines and activities related to curve fitting. The book demonstrates how to analyze World data bases and graph and map the results. Default settings in software packages can produce attractive graphs of data imported into the software. Often, however, the default graph has no equation associated with it and cannot therefore be used as a tool for further analysis or projection of the data. The same software can often be used to generate curves from equations. The reader is shown directly, and in a series of steps, how to fit curves to data using Lotus 1-2-3. There are traditional unbounded curve fitting techniques-lines of least squares, exponentials, logistic curves, and Gompertz curves. There is the bounded curve fitting technique of cubic spline interpolation. Beyond these, there is a detailed application of Feigenbaum's graphical analysis from chaos theory, and there is a hint as to how fractal geometry might come into play. Curve fitting algorithms take on new life when they are actually used on real-world data. They are used in numerous worked examples drawn from electronic data bases of public domain information from the Stars data base of The World Bank and from the WRD data base of the World Resources Institute. The applications are current and reflect a state-of-the-art interest in the human dimensions of global change.

Track Design Handbook For Light Rail Transit

Author:
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 0309258243
Size: 78.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4732
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TCRP report 155 provides guidelines and descriptions for the design of various common types of light rail transit (LRT) track. The track structure types include ballasted track, direct fixation ("ballastless") track, and embedded track. The report considers the characteristics and interfaces of vehicle wheels and rail, tracks and wheel gauges, rail sections, alignments, speeds, and track moduli. The report includes chapters on vehicles, alignment, track structures, track components, special track work, aerial structures/bridges, corrosion control, noise and vibration, signals, traction power, and the integration of LRT track into urban streets.

Algebraic Geometry

Author: Robin Hartshorne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475738498
Size: 47.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.