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Author: Albert-laszlo Barabasi
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465038611
Size: 70.99 MB
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In the 1980's, James Gleick's Chaos introduced the world to complexity. Now, Albert-László Barabási's Linked reveals the next major scientific leap: the study of networks. We've long suspected that we live in a small world, where everything is connected to everything else. Indeed, networks are pervasive--from the human brain to the Internet to the economy to our group of friends. These linkages, it turns out, aren't random. All networks, to the great surprise of scientists, have an underlying order and follow simple laws. Understanding the structure and behavior of these networks will help us do some amazing things, from designing the optimal organization of a firm to stopping a disease outbreak before it spreads catastrophically.In Linked, Barabási, a physicist whose work has revolutionized the study of networks, traces the development of this rapidly unfolding science and introduces us to the scientists carrying out this pioneering work. These "new cartographers" are mapping networks in a wide range of scientific disciplines, proving that social networks, corporations, and cells are more similar than they are different, and providing important new insights into the interconnected world around us. This knowledge, says Barabási, can shed light on the robustness of the Internet, the spread of fads and viruses, even the future of democracy. Engaging and authoritative, Linked provides an exciting preview of the next century in science, guaranteed to be transformed by these amazing discoveries.From Linked:This book has a simple message: think networks. It is about how networks emerge, what they look like, and how they evolve. It aims to develop a web-based view of nature, society, and technology, providing a unified framework to better understand issues ranging from the vulnerability of the Internet to the spread of diseases. Networks are present everywhere. All we need is an eye for them...We will see the challenges doctors face when they attempt to cure a disease by focusing on a single molecule or gene, disregarding the complex interconnected nature of the living matter. We will see that hackers are not alone in attacking networks: we all play Goliath, firing shots at a fragile ecological network that, without further support, could soon replicate our worst nightmares by turning us into an isolated group of species...Linked is meant to be an eye-opening trip that challenges you to walk across disciplines by stepping out of the box of reductionism. It is an invitation to explore link by link the next scientific revolution: the new science of networks.

The Structure And Dynamics Of Networks

Author: Mark Newman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841356
Size: 43.22 MB
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From the Internet to networks of friendship, disease transmission, and even terrorism, the concept--and the reality--of networks has come to pervade modern society. But what exactly is a network? What different types of networks are there? Why are they interesting, and what can they tell us? In recent years, scientists from a range of fields--including mathematics, physics, computer science, sociology, and biology--have been pursuing these questions and building a new "science of networks." This book brings together for the first time a set of seminal articles representing research from across these disciplines. It is an ideal sourcebook for the key research in this fast-growing field. The book is organized into four sections, each preceded by an editors' introduction summarizing its contents and general theme. The first section sets the stage by discussing some of the historical antecedents of contemporary research in the area. From there the book moves to the empirical side of the science of networks before turning to the foundational modeling ideas that have been the focus of much subsequent activity. The book closes by taking the reader to the cutting edge of network science--the relationship between network structure and system dynamics. From network robustness to the spread of disease, this section offers a potpourri of topics on this rapidly expanding frontier of the new science.

Netzwerke Der Forschung Die Historische Eugenikbewegung Und Die Moderne Humangenomik Im Vergleich

Author: Christian Grimm
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832530495
Size: 19.19 MB
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Anhand der Beispiele historische Eugenikbewegung und moderne Humangenomik wird in der vorliegenden Arbeit aufgezeigt, dass die Entstehung sowie Aufrechterhaltung von Netzwerken ein entscheidender Faktor ist fur den Erfolg wissenschaftlicher Paradigmen und gegebenenfalls damit verbundener Ideologien, dass bei der Bildung bzw. Weiterentwicklung dieser Netzwerke bestimmten Akteuren besondere Bedeutung zukommt (= Schlusselakteure oder hubs) und dass bei Verlust bestimmter hubs ein teilweiser oder vollstandiger Zusammenbruch des jeweiligen Netzwerkes erfolgen kann. Die Richtung, in die sich wissenschaftliche Paradigmen entwickeln, ist damit stark abhangig von den Krafte- bzw. Machtverhaltnissen innerhalb der sie umschliessenden Netzwerke bzw. vom Verhalten und der Kontrolle bestimmter Akteure. Im Sinne der Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie (ANT) wie sie von Bruno Latour u.a. entwickelt wurde, konnen Entstehung und Entwicklung dieser Netzwerke abhangig sein von menschlichen ebenso wie von nicht-menschlichen Akteuren (etwa Theorien, Methoden, Technologien etc.). Die Unterschiede sowie Gemeinsamkeiten der hier untersuchten Netzwerke und deren (potentielle) Konsequenzen fur bioethische und biopolitische Fragestellungen werden in der Arbeit diskutiert.

The Formula

Author: Albert-László Barabási
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0316505471
Size: 66.86 MB
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"Will indelibly transform the way we all think about success." -- Alex Pentland, Toshiba Professor at MIT and author of Social Physics An international bestseller In the bestselling tradition of Malcom Gladwell, James Gleick, and Nate Silver, prominent professor László Barabási gives us a trailblazing book that promises to transform the very foundations of how our success-obsessed society approaches their professional careers, life pursuits and long-term goals. Too often, accomplishment does not equal success. We did the work but didn't get the promotion; we played hard but weren't recognized; we had the idea but didn't get the credit. We convince ourselves that talent combined with a strong work ethic is the key to getting ahead, but also realize that combination often fails to yield results, without any deeper understanding as to why. Recognizing this striking disconnect, the author, along with a team of renowned researchers and some of the most advanced data-crunching systems on the planet, dedicated themselves to one goal: uncovering that ever-elusive link between performance and success. Now, based on years of academic research, The Formula finally unveils the groundbreaking discoveries of their pioneering study, not only highlighting the scientific and mathematic principles that underpin success, but also revolutionizing our understanding of: Why performance is necessary but not adequate * Why "Experts" are often wrong * How to assemble a creative team primed for success * How to most effectively engage our networks * and much more.

Six Degrees

Author: Duncan Watts
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448163609
Size: 38.85 MB
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'Six degrees of separation' is a cliche, as is 'it's a small world', both cliches of the language and cliches of everyday experience. But it's also an intriguing idea with a long history and some surprising implications. We all live in tightly bonded social networks, yet linked to vast numbers of people more closely than we sometimes think. Scientists have begun to apply insights from the theoretical study of networks to understand forms as superficially different as social networks and electrical networks, computer networks and economic networks, and to show how common principles underlie them all. Duncan J. Watts explores the science of networks and its implications, ranging from the Dutch tulipmania of the seventeenth century, the success of Harry Potter, the impact of September 11th on Manhattan, to the structure of the world wide web.

Network Analysis And Tourism

Author: Noel Scott
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 1845413105
Size: 39.16 MB
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This book aims to provide a comprehensive review of the contribution of network analysis to the understanding of tourism destinations and organizations. Theoretical and methodological aspects are discussed along with a series of applications. While this is a relatively new approach in the tourism literature, in other social and natural sciences network analysis has a long tradition and has provided important insights for the knowledge of the structure and the dynamics of many complex systems. The study of network structures, both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view, can deliver a number of useful outcomes also for the analysis of tourism destinations and organizations.

Interpreting Networks

Author: David J. Krieger
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839428114
Size: 24.47 MB
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After postmodern critique has deconstructed, decentered, and displaced order and identity on all levels, we are faced with the Humpty Dumpty question of how to put the pieces back together again. This book brings together the seldom associated discourses of hermeneutics, actor-network theory, and new media in order to formulate a theory of a global network society. Hermeneutics re-opens the question of unity in a fragmented world. Actor-network theory reinterprets the construction of meaning as networking. New media studies show how networking is done. Networks arise, are maintained, and are transformed by communicative actions that are governed by network norms that make up a social operating system. The social operating system offers an alternative to the imperatives of algorithmic logic, functionality, and systemic closure that dominate present day solutions to problems of over-complexity in all areas. The world of meaning constructed by the social operating system is a mixed reality in which filters and layers replace the physical restraints of space and time as parameters of knowing and acting. Society and nature, humans and non-humans come together in a socio-sphere consisting of hybrid, heterogeneous actor-networks. This book proposes reinterpreting hermeneutics as networking and networking as guided by a social operating system whose norms are based on new media. There emerges a theory for a global network society described by different concepts than those typical of Western modernity.

Fundamentals Of Complex Networks

Author: Guanrong Chen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118718143
Size: 15.87 MB
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Complex networks such as the Internet, WWW, transportation networks, power grids, biological neural networks, and scientific cooperation networks of all kinds provide challenges for future technological development. • The first systematic presentation of dynamical evolving networks, with many up-to-date applications and homework projects to enhance study • The authors are all very active and well-known in the rapidly evolving field of complex networks • Complex networks are becoming an increasingly important area of research • Presented in a logical, constructive style, from basic through to complex, examining algorithms, through to construct networks and research challenges of the future

Handbook Of Bioentrepreneurship

Author: Holger Patzelt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387483450
Size: 78.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Providing an important and timely overview of research on the exciting area of entrepreneurship in biotechnology, The Handbook of Bioentrepreneurship examines one of the most promising industries of the 21st century. While genetically engineered food and biopharmaceuticals have made biotechnology part of our everyday life, starting a bioventure is among the most complex and risky entrepreneurial tasks given long development cycles, high technological and market uncertainty, and high capital intensity. Providing unparalleled in-depth and detailed analysis, this Handbook sheds light on business models and strategies, financing, cooperation networks between firms and universities, among other issues. With new developments in biotechnology increasingly in the news, this is an important source for readers interested in public policy, entrepreneurship, and business in the 21st century.

An Introduction To Search Engines And Web Navigation

Author: Mark Levene
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780321306777
Size: 45.89 MB
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The first chapters of the book provide an extensive introduction to search engines and navigation. No formal prerequisites are required; any Web enthusiast will enjoy reading the book. These chapters comprise of background and history of the Web, navigation and searching, search engine architecture and different types of search engines. In addition to the basics, additional topics covered are navigation (aka surfing), the interplay between search and navigation, Web data mining, personalization, the mobile web, social networks, collaborative filtering and Weblogs (aka Blogs). The book goes far beyond simple searching and navigation; it provides a comprehensive overview of the current research fronts in areas related to Web search engines and navigation. The text is highly readable with a large number of illustrations and examples. It can serve as an excellent textbook both for an introductory and a more advanced course of Web search and navigation. Each chapter starts with a listing of objectives and ends with a set of exercises relevant to the topics covered in the chapter. Students will especially benefit from the non-technical descriptions and clear explanations of the concepts. The book is also a great reference source for researchers and IT professionals: it includes 410 references to articles, and 202 references to Web pages and resources. I highly recommend the book.