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Long Island Sound

Author: James S. Latimer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146146126X
Size: 32.43 MB
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The U.S. Ocean Commission Report identified the need for regional ecosystem assessments to support coastal and ocean management. These assessments must provide greater understanding of physical and biological dynamics than assessments at global and national scales can provide but transcend state and local interests. This need and timeliness is apparent for Long Island Sound, where a multi-state regional restoration program is underway for America’s most urbanized estuary. Synthesis of the Long Island Sound ecosystem is needed to integrate knowledge across disciplines and provide insight into understanding and managing pressing issues, such as non-point sources of pollution, coastal development, global climatic change, and invasive species. Currently, there is a need for a comprehensive volume that summarizes the ecological and environmental dynamics and status of Long Island Sound and its myriad ecosystems. It has been 30 years since a comprehensive summary of Long Island Sound was prepared and 50 years since the pioneering work of Gordon Riley. Major advances in estuarine science are providing new insights into these systems, and yet, the condition of many estuaries is in decline in the face of continuing coastal development. There is an opportunity to lay a foundation for integrative coastal observing systems that truly provide the foundation for improved decision-making. This book will provide a key reference of our scientific understanding for work performed over the past three decades and guide future research and monitoring in a dynamic urbanized estuary.

Changing Global Perspectives On Horseshoe Crab Biology Conservation And Management

Author: Ruth H. Carmichael
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319195425
Size: 29.74 MB
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This book reports significant progress of scientific research on horseshoe crabs, including aspects of evolution, genetics, ecology, population dynamics, general biology and physiology, within the recent 10 years. It also highlights the emerging issues related to world-wide conservation threats, status and needs. The contributions in this book represent part of an ongoing global effort to increase data and concept sharing to support basic research and advance conservation for horseshoe crabs.

Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides

Author: R. Lawrence Swanson
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438462352
Size: 57.89 MB
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Examines the ecological and historical significance of the harbor and what it can bring to future residents. Stony Brook Harbor, or Three Sisters Harbor as it was known historically, is perhaps the most pristine of the Long Island north shore pocket bays. Untouched by major commercialization, it has been designated a Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitat by the New York State Department of State and a Significant Coastal Habitat by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Despite these designations, however, there is constant pressure to increase development of and around the harbor. Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides interweaves scientific understandings of the harbor with a consideration of its colorful history to inform and educate a general audience about its unique and delicate state. Data is used to illustrate the harbor’s tides and currents and to show how they influence geological processes and pollution susceptibility. Storm surge measurements going back to the early 1990s document some of the extreme high waters experienced, and descriptions of some of the more interesting or important marine species of plants and animals found in the harbor are also included. The book discusses the century-long conflicts that local residents have fought in order to preserve this beautiful place, and it documents the tools that currently exist to help manage the harbor well into the twenty-first century. An excellent supplement to any high school or undergraduate environmental course, Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides provides readers with a basis for embracing the significance of the harbor and what it can bring to future residents. “This book is a small gem, an intimate look at a small local place that—like many small local places—is very special indeed. Many people have such places, often overlooked as too familiar, undervalued as too ordinary. The reader can take a hint from the authors and seek deeper acquaintance with one’s own special places, wherever they are.” — Carl Safina, author of The View from Lazy Point: A Natural Year in an Unnatural World “I was impressed by Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides’ well-written and comprehensive overview of the rich history of Stony Brook Harbor. The research in this was thorough and well documented using both current and historical studies of Stony Brook Harbor. It is vital when looking forward to future planning of our waterways to examine the historical background, as this book does, in order to move forward without harming the natural ecosystems that have developed over many thousands of years.” — Suffolk County Legislator Kara Hahn, 5th District “This book, by two eminent coastal oceanographers, is a must read for those interested or concerned with coastal community planning, management, or marine environmental processes.” — Lee E. Koppelman, Executive Director Emeritus, Long Island Regional Planning Board “It was at Cordwood Beach at the southern end of Stony Brook Harbor, where, at the age of six, I saw my first horseshoe crab. ‘Don’t step on its tail; it’s poisonous and will sting you,’ I remember imploring my friend, and, in so doing, perpetuating a persistent myth about the animal. As Larry Swanson and Malcolm Bowman indicate, in this interesting and informative book, while horseshoe crab tails are sharp, and were used for spear tips by Native Americans, they are not poisonous. This and a good many more fascinating facts about the harbor’s cultural and natural history await the reader. It is a must read for anyone who loves this charming and special part of Long Island.” — John Turner, author of Exploring the Other Island: A Seasonal Guide to Nature on Long Island

Stadt Kosysteme

Author: Jürgen Breuste
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642554342
Size: 18.62 MB
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Dieses Lehrbuch zu Stadtökosystemen beantwortet wichtige Fragen, die sich zum ökologischen Aufbau, zu den Funktionen und zur sozial-ökologischen Entwicklung von Städten weltweit stellen. Ausgehend davon, wie sich Städte heute in einer immer stärker urban werdenden Welt entwickeln, werden ökologische Herausforderungen für Städte des 21. Jahrhunderts wie Ressourceneffizienz, Klimawandel, Moderation der Lebensqualität und Resilienz erläutert. Das Buch verbindet Theorien der Stadtentwicklung und Ökologie mit praktischen Anwendungen und Fallbeispielen und spürt auf diese Weise Verbesserungspotenziale sowie und Beispiele guter ökologischer Stadtentwicklung weltweit auf. Es zeigt, dass Städte bei weitem nicht nur Problemräume sind, sondern auch große Potenziale für ein gutes Leben bieten und dass dazu die verschiedenen Stadtökosysteme einen erheblichen Beitrag leisten können. Die „Ökostadt“ ist damit keine Utopie, sondern ein reales Ziel, das schrittweise unter Beachtung des lokalen und regionalen Kontexts gezielt angestrebt werden kann. Vier renommierte Stadtökologen haben ihre spezifischen Erfahrungen in Teilgebieten eingebracht, ohne den Blick für das Ganze dabei außer Acht zu lassen. Jürgen Breuste ist Stadtökologe und arbeitet an der Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg, Österreich, zu den Themen Nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung, urbane Biodiversität, Ökosystemdienstleistungen und Ökostädte. Dagmar Haase ist L andschaftsökologin und arbeitet an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin zu urbanen Ökosystemdienstleistungen und Themen der Landnutzungsmodellierung. Stephan Pauleit ist Landschaftsplaner und arbeitet an der Technischen Universität München zu Strategien für die nachhaltige Entwicklung von Stadtlandschaften. Martin Sauerwein ist Geograph und arbeitet an der Universität Hildesheim zur Geoökologie in Kulturlandschaften, Geoarchäologie und zum Bodenschutz. Das Lehrbuch spricht ein breites Publikum von Studierenden, Lehrenden und auch Praktikern im Bereich Ökologie, Stadtökologie, Stadtentwicklung, Nachhaltigkeit, Stadtgeographie, Natur- und Landschaftsschutz, Raumplanung, Landschaftsökologie, Sozialwissenschaften und Urbanistik an. Die zahlreichen Fotos und Grafiken, viele davon vierfarbig, sowie übersichtliche Tabellen illustrieren die Sachverhalte. Fallstudien, Beispiele und Erläuterungen erlauben einen vertiefenden Einblick. Fragen am Kapitelende ermöglichen eine Überprüfung des Wissensfortschritts, ein umfassendes Literaturverzeichnis zu jedem Kapitel weitergehende Studien.

Signale Prozesse Systeme

Author: Ulrich Karrenberg
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366252659X
Size: 18.95 MB
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Buch und DVD bieten ein interaktives Lernsystem für die Visualisierung von Signalen und Prozessen sowie für die grafische Programmierung signaltechnischer Systeme. Etwa 250 vorprogrammierte Systeme und Folienentwürfe sind in das elektronische Dokument eingebettet. Mit der Software DASYLab können Applikationen entwickelt, modifiziert und optimiert werden. Die 6. Auflage bietet ein zusätzliches Kapitel zur mathematischen Modellierung, außerdem wurde sie an die aktuelle Version 11 von DASYLab angepasst und ist nun auch mit Windows 7 kompatibel.