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Lost Champions

Author: Gretchen Atwood
Publisher: Bloomsbury USA
ISBN: 9781620406007
Size: 11.78 MB
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Many know the story of Jackie Robinson integrating major league baseball in 1947. But few know that the NFL integrated a year earlier, when Kenny Washington stepped on the field for the Los Angeles Rams. He wasn't the only one. Four men broke pro football's color line in 1946, Kenny Washington and Woody Strode with the Los Angeles Rams and Bill Willis and Marion Motley with the Cleveland Browns. Lost Champions traces this history from the early 1930s--when NFL owners first instituted a ban on black players--through pro football's re-integration, to the 1950 NFL Championship Game, which pitted the Rams and Browns against each other in a showdown of the most prolific and advanced offenses pro football had ever seen. But the battle wasn't just waged on the gridiron. Lost Champions shows how efforts to integrate sports sits within the often-ignored history of the civil rights movement in the 1940s. The four players faced animosity and death threats for their role in integration while they and all black Americans were threatened in 1946 by a spike in lynchings, threat of legal expulsion from their own homes, and segregation all the way down to the simple act of going to an amusement park for a bit of relaxation. Finally, Lost Champions explains why these men and their stories have for so long languished in the shadow of Jackie Robinson, and why they too deserve widespread acclaim for integrating what is arguably the most popular sport in America.

The Sports Hall Of Fame Encyclopedia

Author: Dave Blevins
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 1461673704
Size: 41.74 MB
Format: PDF
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In 1936, the Baseball Hall of Fame was established to honor the legends of the sport. The first inductees were some of the greatest names of the dugout, including Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth. Less than ten years later, in 1945, the Hockey Hall of Fame inducted its first members. The Soccer Hall of Fame was established in 1950, followed by the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959, and the Football Hall of Fame in 1963. In all, more than 1,400 inductees—players, teams, and behind the scenes personnel—have been enshrined in these five halls of fame. The Sports Hall of Fame Encyclopedia is a comprehensive listing of each inductee elected into one or more of these major sports halls of fame. From Hank Aaron to Fred Zollner, this book contains biographical information, sport and position(s) played, and career statistics (when applicable) of each of the more than 1,400 honorees. The book also includes specific appendixes for each shrine, in which inductees are listed alphabetically and by year of induction. Also included are appendixes briefly describing the history of each hall of fame.

Duke Slater

Author: Neal Rozendaal
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786469579
Size: 67.75 MB
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"Fred "Duke" Slater was the greatest African American football player of the first half of the 20th century. But his pioneering influence extended beyond the gridiron. After retirement, he broke ground in the legal field as just the second black judge inChicago history. The inspirational life of Judge Duke Slater is a true American success story"--Provided by publisher.

Boys Life

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.26 MB
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Boys' Life is the official youth magazine for the Boy Scouts of America. Published since 1911, it contains a proven mix of news, nature, sports, history, fiction, science, comics, and Scouting.

Press Box Red

Author: Irwin Silber
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781566399746
Size: 19.16 MB
Format: PDF
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Long before Branch Rickey signed Jackie Robinson to a Brooklyn Dodger contract in 1945, Lester Rodney, the newly hired and first sports editor of theCommunist Daily Worker, launched the campaign that proved decisive in eventually breaking baseball's color line. But in the hostile anti-Communist climate of those years and for many years after, Rodney's story remained largely unknown. It therefore came as a surprise to many when Arnold Rampersad, in his authoritative 1997 biography of Jackie Robinson, wrote: "In the campaign to end Jim Crow in baseball, the most vigorous efforts came from the Communist press, most notably from Lester Rodney." NowPress Box Redtells the story of that remarkable 11-year campaign and of Rodney's unique career covering sports for theDaily Workeruntil he left the Communist Party in 1958.Press Box Redis packed with first-hand accounts of Rodney's challenges to the high muck-a-mucks of professional and collegiate sports, and contains frank and frequently humorous encounters with owners, managers, and coaches like Branch Rickey, Larry MacPhail, Bill Veeck, Leo Durocher, Casey Stengel, Nat Holman, Clair Bee and numerous athletes including Robinson, Roy Campanella, Joe DiMaggio, Satchel Paige, Peewee Reese, Joe Louis, Henry Armstrong, and many others. It's a story every fan will love. Author note:Irwin Silberis a self-employed writer who lives in the Bay Area of northern California. He is the author or editor of eight previous books, includingSocialism: What Went WrongandThe Vietnam Song Book(with Barbara Dane).

The Negro Almanac

Author: Harry A. Ploski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN:
Size: 59.97 MB
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A comprehensive reference work on the historical contributions, accomplishments, and current status of Black Americans in a variety of professional fields from entertainment to politics