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Low Temperature Biology Of Insects

Author: David L. Denlinger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139485474
Size: 10.31 MB
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Low temperature is a major environmental constraint impacting the geographic distribution and seasonal activity patterns of insects. Written for academic researchers in environmental physiology and entomology, this book explores the physiological and molecular mechanisms that enable insects to cope with a cold environment and places these findings into an evolutionary and ecological context. An introductory chapter provides a primer on insect cold tolerance and subsequent chapters in the first section discuss the organismal, cellular and molecular responses that allow insects to survive in the cold despite their, at best, limited ability to regulate their own body temperature. The second section, highlighting the evolutionary and macrophysiological responses to low temperature, is especially relevant for understanding the impact of global climate change on insect systems. A final section translates the knowledge gained from the rest of the book into practical applications including cryopreservation and the augmentation of pest management strategies.

Insects At Low Temperature

Author: Richard Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 147570190X
Size: 18.92 MB
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The study of insects at low temperature is a comparatively new field. Only recently has insect cryobiology begun to mature, as research moves from a descriptive approach to a search for underlying mechanisms at diverse levels of organization ranging from the gene and cell to ecological and evolutionary relationships. Knowledge of insect responses to low temperature is crucial for understanding the biology of insects living in seasonally varying habitats as well as in polar regions. It is not possible to precisely define low temperature. In the tropics exposure to 10-15°C may induce chill coma or death, whereas some insects in temperate and polar regions remain active and indeed even able to fly at O°C or below. In contrast, for persons interested in cryopreservation, low temperature may mean storage in liquid nitrogen at - 196°C. In the last decade, interest in adaptations of invertebrates to low temperature has risen steadily. In part, this book had its origins in a symposium on this subject that was held at the annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America in Louisville, Kentucky, USA in December, 1988. However, the emergence and growth of this area has also been strongly influenced by an informal group of investigators who met in a series of symposia held in Oslo, Norway in 1982, in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada in 1985 and in Cambridge, England in 1988. Another is scheduled for Binghamton, New York, USA (1990).

Insect Molecular Biology And Ecology

Author: Klaus H. Hoffmann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482231891
Size: 22.79 MB
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Insects represent the most abundant and diverse animal group on Earth. The number of described species is more than one million and up to ten million are estimated. Insects have one of the widest distributions in the world because they have adapted to extreme ranges of environments. Molecular ecology studies ecological processes based on the analysis of biomacromolecules, particularly DNA, RNA, and proteins, but also of low-molecular weight signal compounds. Molecular ecology uses the exciting opportunities offered by the tools of molecular biology. The book presents current entomological research, where molecular tools help to advance traditional ecological studies. Chapters include ones on insect–insect and insect–plant interactions, on mechanisms of environmental adaptation, or on the use of insect biotechnology in pest and vector control. The book helps to combine powerful methods in molecular biology with exciting issues in ecology to understand why insects became "masters of survival."

Short Views On Insect Genomics And Proteomics

Author: Chandrasekar Raman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331924244X
Size: 47.93 MB
Format: PDF
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Entomology is a super science, embracing interdisciplinary approaches in genomics, proteomics, and interdependent fields of biochemistry, physiology, molecular entomology, and biotechnology. An urgent need to manage available resources for the benefit of the planet and humankind has led to remarkable progress since publication of the fruit fly genome in 2000. “Short Views on Insect Genomics and Proteomics” presents multiple perspectives of recognized experts from around the world in genomics, bioinformatics, molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, and immunology, emphasizing fast-moving areas of current research on insects and other arthropods. Concise, accessible, topical reviews include body lice and white fly genome projects, aphid phenotypic plasticity, insect regulatory genomics, the complex tick sialome, protein expression systems, therapeutic potential of insect antimicrobial peptides, nanoparticle insecticides, and novel uses for recombinant and synthetic spider silks.

Aquatic Insects

Author: Royal Entomological Society of London. Symposium
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845934334
Size: 29.91 MB
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"Considers the challenges facing insect populations in aquatic environments and how they have adapted to achieve such prominence in virtually all habitats." SUMMARY.

Low Temperature Biology Of Foodstuffs

Author: John Hawthorn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483154629
Size: 80.94 MB
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Low Temperature Biology of Foodstuffs describes the concept of low temperature biology and its application in the food industry. This book is divided into 23 chapters and begins with descriptions of several low temperature processes, such as nucleation, ice crystal growth, and freezing. The succeeding chapters deal with the protective mechanisms in frost-hardy plants, the physico-chemical changes in foods during freezing and storage, and the influence of cold storage, freezing, and thawing microbial and population of several foodstuffs. These topics are followed by discussions of the principles of freezing and low-temperature storage of fruit and vegetables. Other chapters explore the process of gelation, the freezing and frozen storage of fish muscle and meat. The final chapters look into the subjective evaluations of frozen food quality, including their physico-chemical properties. This book will prove useful to food scientists and manufacturers.

Biology Of Blood Sucking Insects

Author: Mike Lehane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401179530
Size: 41.36 MB
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Blood-sucking insects are the vectors of many of the most debilitating parasites of man and his domesticated animals. In addition they are of considerable direct cost to the agricultural industry through losses in milk and meat yields, and through damage to hides and wool, etc. So, not surprisingly, many books of medical and veterinary entomology have been written. Most of these texts are organized taxonomically giving the details of the life-cycles, bionomics, relationship to disease and economic importance of each of the insect groups in turn. I have taken a different approach. This book is topic led and aims to discuss the biological themes which are common in the lives of blood-sucking insects. To do this I have concentrated on those aspects of the biology of these fascinating insects which have been clearly modified in some way to suit the blood-sucking habit. For example, I have discussed feeding and digestion in some detail because feeding on blood presents insects with special problems, but I have not discussed respiration because it is not affected in any particular way by haematophagy. Naturally there is a subjective element in the choice of topics for discussion and the weight given to each. I hope that I have not let my enthusiasm for particular subjects get the better of me on too many occasions and that the subject material achieves an overall balance.

Temperature Sensitivity In Insects And Application In Integrated Pest Management

Author: Guy J. Hallman
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.96 MB
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This volume summarizes and analyzes recent developments in the use of extreme temperatures - both high and low - to protect stored grains, to control urban pests, and to keep pest populations below economically damaging levels in both greenhouse and field environments. These tactics have become more important due to the loss of key fumigants and the potential for reducing pesticide residues.

The Hot Blooded Insects

Author: Bernd Heinrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662103400
Size: 79.18 MB
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"From one man's persistent and elegant probing of the temperature biology of bees, we have been led to a deeper understanding of the whole biology of many insect taxa, and of their interactions with ecological and environmental stresses: all who work at the interfaces of physiology, ecology and behaviour have cause to be grateful, and all should certainly read this book." (Trends in Ecology & Evolution) "An outstanding source of information, and can be read with profit and satisfaction by the professional biologist and interested amateur alike." (Nature)