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Magnonics

Author: Sergej O. Demokritov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642302475
Size: 50.33 MB
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Spin waves (and their quanta magnons) can effectively carry and process information in magnetic nanostructures. By analogy to photonics, this research field is labelled magnonics. It comprises the study of excitation, detection, and manipulation of magnons. From the practical point of view, the most attractive feature of magnonic devices is the controllability of their functioning by an external magnetic field. This book has been designed for students and researchers working in magnetism. Here the readers will find review articles written by leading experts working on realization of magnonic devices.

Atomistic Spin Dynamics

Author: Olle Eriksson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198788665
Size: 46.47 MB
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The purpose of this book is to provide a theoretical foundation and an understanding of atomistic spin-dynamics (ASD), and to give examples of where the atomistic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation can and should be used. As argued in the text, a description of magnetism in an atomistic way is very natural and allows for an interpretation of experimental results in a clear and deep way. This description also allows for calculations, from first principles, of all parameters needed to perform the spin-dynamics simulations, without using experimental results as input to the simulations. As shown in the book, we are now at a very exciting situation, where it is possible to perform accurate and efficient atomistic simulations on a length- and time-scale which is balancing on the edge of what is experimentally possible. In this way, ASD simulations can both validate and be validated by state-of-the art experiments, and ASD simulations also have the possibility to act as a predictive tool that is able to explain the magnetization dynamics in experimentally inaccessible situations. The purpose of this book has been to communicate technically relevant concepts. An even larger motivation is to communicate an inspiration to magnetism and magnetization dynamics, and the emerging technological fields that one may foresee, e.g. in magnonics, solitonics and skyrmionics.

Lead Acid Battery Technologies

Author: Joey Jung
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466592230
Size: 13.43 MB
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Lead-Acid Battery Technologies: Fundamentals, Materials, and Applications offers a systematic and state-of-the-art overview of the materials, system design, and related issues for the development of lead-acid rechargeable battery technologies. Featuring contributions from leading scientists and engineers in industry and academia, this book: Describes the underlying science involved in the operation of lead-acid batteries Highlights advances in materials science and engineering for materials fabrication Delivers a detailed discussion of the mathematical modeling of lead-acid batteries Analyzes the integration of lead-acid batteries with other primary power systems Explores emerging applications such as electric bicycles and microhybrid vehicles Lead-Acid Battery Technologies: Fundamentals, Materials, and Applications provides researchers, students, industrial professionals, and manufacturers with valuable insight into the latest theories, experimental methodologies, and research achievements in lead-acid battery technologies.

Theoretical Magnetofluiddynamics

Author: Henri Cabannes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323162320
Size: 25.74 MB
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Theoretical Magnetofluiddynamics provides an overview of the state of knowledge in magnetofluiddynamics and its applications. Magnetofluiddynamics is concerned with the study of the interaction between magnetic fields and fluid conductors of electricity. This discipline serves to unite classical fluid mechanics with electromagnetism of media in motion; therefore, it is equally of interest to students of electrodynamics and to those of aerodynamics. The former always think of speeds which are of the order of the speed of light while the latter confine their attention to speeds which are of the order of the speed of sound. This book contains six chapters and begins by establishing equations of magnetofluiddynamics in detail, both for motion with shock waves and for continuous motion. Subsequent chapters deal with weak discontinuities or discontinuities in the derivatives of the characteristic flow quantities; strong discontinuities or discontinuities in the characteristic flow quantities; and one-dimensional motion, motion in ducts, and structure of shock waves; and motion past obstacles.

Sports Of Santa Cruz County

Author: Geoffrey Dunn
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
ISBN: 1467130079
Size: 23.41 MB
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Its inviting climate, enticing rugged mountains, and welcoming beaches have always made Santa Cruz County a haven for athletic activities. A wide variety of sporting endeavors, some beyond the norm, have called Santa Cruz home over the decades. In the 19th century, Santa Cruz served as a springboard for modern surfing. It was an early bastion for organized baseball, too, beginning in the 1860s, and it was home to a series of professional teams as early as the 1870s. Other colorful athletic activities took place here (including fire hose teams, long-distance walking, and bicycling), along with more traditional American sports like basketball, football, boxing, and tennis. The region boasts of a strong tradition of women athletes as well, in particular Marion Hollins, perhaps the greatest all-around woman athlete of the early 20th century.

Magnetic Multilayers

Author: L H Bennett
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814571067
Size: 58.13 MB
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This book focuses on an increasingly important area of materials science and technology, namely, the fabrication and properties of artificial materials where slabs of magnetized materials are sandwiched between slabs of nonmagnetized materials. It includes reviews by experts on the theory and descriptions of the various experimental techniques such as those using nuclear or electron spin probes, as well as optical, X-ray or neutron probes. It also reviews potential applications such as the giant magnetoresistance, and one specialized preparation technique, the electrodeposition. The various chapters are tutorial in nature, making the subject accessible to nonspecialists, as well as useful to researchers in the field. Contents: Application of Magnetic Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Magnetic Coupling in Metallic Multilayers (Y Yafet)First-Principles Calculations of Magnetic Interfaces and Multilayers (M Weinert ' S Blügel)Influence of Imperfections on the Magnetic Properties of Fe/Ag Films and Multilayers (J Pirnay et al.)NMR Studies on Magnetic Multilayers (H A M de Gronckel ' W J M de Jonge)Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Magnetic Multilayers (Ch Sauer ' W Zinn)Resonance in Coupled Ferromagnetic Layer Structures (P E Wigen)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al.)Magneto-Optical Spectra in Multilayers (K Sato)Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Magnetic Multilayers (C F Majkrzak et al.)Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) in Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Electrodeposited Magnetic Multilayers (M P Dariel et al.) Readership: Graduate students, professional researchers and well-educated others (eg. contract officers). keywords:Magnetic Multilayers;Circular Dichroism;Giant Magnetoresistance;Magnetic Interfaces;Magnetic Multilayers: Effect of Imperfections;Conversion Electron Mossbauer Spectroscopy;Multilayer Magnetic Coupling;Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy;Neutron Diffraction;Magnetic Xray Diffraction;Magnetic Multilayer Fabrication;Supermirrors;Magnetic Recording;RKKY Coupling;Nuclear Magnetic Resonance;Ferromagnetic Resonance

Spin Wave Confinement

Author: Sergej O. Demokritov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351617206
Size: 31.47 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition of Spin-Wave Confinement, the magnetic community’s interest in dynamic excitations in magnetic systems of reduced dimensions has been increasing. Although the concept of spin waves and their quanta (magnons) as propagating excitation of magnetic media was introduced more than 80 years ago, this field has been repeatedly bringing us fascinating new physical phenomena. The successful development of magnonics as an emerging subfield of spintronics, which considers confined spin waves as a basis for smaller, faster, more robust, and more power-efficient electronic devices, inevitably demands reduction in the sizes and dimensions of the magnetic systems being studied. The unique features of magnons, including the possibility of carrying spin information over relatively long distances, the possibility of achieving submicrometer wavelength at microwave frequencies, and controllability by electronic signal via magnetic fields, make magnonic devices distinctively suited for implementation of novel integrated electronic schemes characterized by high speed, low power consumption, and extended functionalities. Edited by S. O. Demokritov, a prominent magnonics researcher who has successfully collected the results of cutting-edge research by almost all main players in the field, this book is for everyone involved in nanotechnology, spintronics, magnonics, and nanomagnetism.

Ultrafast Magnetism I

Author: Jean-Yves Bigot
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319077430
Size: 21.37 MB
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This volume on Ultrafast Magnetism is a collection of articles presented at the international “Ultrafast Magnetization Conference” held at the Congress Center in Strasbourg, France, from October 28th to November 1st, 2013. This first conference, which is intended to be held every two years, received a wonderful attendance and gathered scientists from 27 countries in the field of Femtomagnetism, encompassing many theoretical and experimental research subjects related to the spins dynamics in bulk or nanostructured materials. The participants appreciated this unique opportunity for discussing new ideas and debating on various physical interpretations of the reported phenomena. The format of a single session with many oral contributions as well as extensive time for poster presentations allowed researchers to have a detailed overview of the field. Importantly, one could sense that, in addition to studying fundamental magnetic phenomena, ultrafast magnetism has entered in a phase where applied physics and engineering are playing an important role. Several devices are being proposed with exciting R&D perspectives in the near future, in particular for magnetic recording, time resolved magnetic imaging and spin polarized transport, therefore establishing connections between various aspects of modern magnetism. Simultaneously, the diversity of techniques and experimental configurations has flourished during the past years, employing in particular Xrays, visible, infra-red and terahertz radiations. It was also obvious that an important effort is being made for tracking the dynamics of spins and magnetic domains at the nanometer scale, opening the pathway to exciting future developments. The concerted efforts between theoretical and experimental approaches for explaining the dynamical behaviors of angular momentum and energy levels, on different classes of magnetic materials, are worth pointing out. Finally it was unanimously recognized that the quality of the scientific oral and poster presentations contributed to bring the conference to a very high international standard.

Ceramic Materials

Author: C. Barry Carter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461435234
Size: 36.89 MB
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Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, comprehensive text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects, and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a wide diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text, and a chapter is devoted to ceramics as gemstones. This course-tested text now includes expanded chapters on the role of ceramics in industry and their impact on the environment as well as a chapter devoted to applications of ceramic materials in clean energy technologies. Also new are expanded sets of text-specific homework problems and other resources for instructors. The revised and updated Second Edition is further enhanced with color illustrations throughout the text.