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Maimonides And The Sciences

Author: Robert S. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401721289
Size: 52.41 MB
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In this book, 11 leading scholars contribute to the understanding of the scientific and philosophical works of Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), the most luminous Jewish intellectual since Talmudic times. Deeply learned in mathematics, astronomy, astrology (which he strongly rejected), logic, philosophy, psychology, linguistics, and jurisprudence, and himself a practising physician, Maimonides flourished within the high Arabic culture of the 12th century, where he had momentous influence upon subsequent Jewish beliefs and behavior, upon ethical demands, and upon ritual traditions. For him, mastery of the sciences was indispensable in the process of religious fulfilment.

Dicit Rabbi Moyses

Author: Görge K. Hasselhoff
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826026928
Size: 52.75 MB
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Am 13. Dezember 2004 gedenkt die jüdisch-christliche Wissenschaftswelt des 800. Todestages von Moses Maimonides. Die vorliegende Untersuchung widmet sich den Bildern, die mit der Verwendung des Juden Maimonides in der christlichen Literatur verbunden waren. Beruhten die ersten Anführungen in astronomischer, aber auch in bibelexegetischer Hinsicht nicht auf schriftlich vorliegenden Übersetzungen sondern auf mündlicher Kenntnis, so änderte sich das im Zuge der Pariser Talmudstreitigkeiten von 1242, in deren Folge das enzyklopädische Hauptwerk More nevukhim als Dux neutrorum in lateinischer Sprache vorgelegt wurde. Sofort wurden zentrale Lehren bei Albertus Magnus und später u.a. bei Thomas von Aquino und Meister Eckhart aufgegriffen. Nur zwei Jahrzehnte später wurde die maimonidische Lehre vom Messias Streitpunkt in der Disputation von Barcelona (1263), literarisch aufgegriffen von Raimundus Martini. Neben die Verwendungsweisen als astronomus, exegeticus judaicus und philosophus trat an der Wende zum 14. Jahrhundert schliesslich die Verwendung als medicus.

Studies In The History Of Culture And Science

Author: Resianne Fontaine
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004191232
Size: 65.34 MB
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An hommage to Gad Freudenthal, this volume offers studies on the history of science and on the role of science in medieval and early-modern Jewish cultures, investigating various aspects of processes of knowledge transfer and scientific cross-cultural contacts,

The Cambridge Companion To Maimonides

Author: Kenneth Seeskin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139826921
Size: 11.46 MB
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One aim of this series is to dispel the intimidation readers feel when faced with the work of difficult and challenging thinkers. Moses ben Maimon, also known as Maimonides (1138–1204), represents the high point of Jewish rationalism in the middle ages. He played a pivotal role in the transition of philosophy from the Islamic East to the Christian West. His greatest philosophical work, The Guide of the Perplexed, had a decisive impact on all subsequent Jewish thought and is still the subject of intense scholarly debate. An enigmatic figure, Maimonides continues to defy simple attempts at classification. The twelve essays in this volume offer a lucid and comprehensive treatment of his life and thought. They cover the sources on which Maimonides drew, his contributions to philosophy, theology, jurisprudence, and Bible commentary, as well as his esoteric writing style and influence on later thinkers.

Problems And Parables Of Law

Author: Josef Stern
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791438237
Size: 29.42 MB
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A rigorous analysis of Maimonides' and Nahmanides' explanations of the Mosaic commandments that challenges received notions of the relation between these two seminal thinkers.

Hermeneutic Philosophy Of Science Van Gogh S Eyes And God

Author: B.E. Babich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401717672
Size: 78.78 MB
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This richly textured book bridges analytic and hermeneutic and phenomenological philosophy of science. It features unique resources for students of the philosophy and history of quantum mechanics and the Copenhagen Interpretation, cognitive theory and the psychology of perception, the history and philosophy of art, and the pragmatic and historical relationships between religion and science.

A Book Forged In Hell

Author: Steven Nadler
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400839513
Size: 18.40 MB
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When it appeared in 1670, Baruch Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise was denounced as the most dangerous book ever published--"godless," "full of abominations," "a book forged in hell . . . by the devil himself." Religious and secular authorities saw it as a threat to faith, social and political harmony, and everyday morality, and its author was almost universally regarded as a religious subversive and political radical who sought to spread atheism throughout Europe. Yet Spinoza's book has contributed as much as the Declaration of Independence or Thomas Paine's Common Sense to modern liberal, secular, and democratic thinking. In A Book Forged in Hell, Steven Nadler tells the fascinating story of this extraordinary book: its radical claims and their background in the philosophical, religious, and political tensions of the Dutch Golden Age, as well as the vitriolic reaction these ideas inspired. It is not hard to see why Spinoza's Treatise was so important or so controversial, or why the uproar it caused is one of the most significant events in European intellectual history. In the book, Spinoza became the first to argue that the Bible is not literally the word of God but rather a work of human literature; that true religion has nothing to do with theology, liturgical ceremonies, or sectarian dogma; and that religious authorities should have no role in governing a modern state. He also denied the reality of miracles and divine providence, reinterpreted the nature of prophecy, and made an eloquent plea for toleration and democracy. A vivid story of incendiary ideas and vicious backlash, A Book Forged in Hell will interest anyone who is curious about the origin of some of our most cherished modern beliefs.

Positioning The History Of Science

Author: Kostas Gavroglu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781402054198
Size: 57.37 MB
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This volume, compiled in honor of Sam Schweber, an outstanding historian of science, physicist and exceptional human being, offers a comprehensive survey of the present state of the history of science. It collects essays written by leading representatives in the field. The essays examine the state of the history of science today and issues related to its future.