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Making Sense Of Evolution

Author: Massimo Pigliucci
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226668355
Size: 74.73 MB
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Making Sense of Evolution explores contemporary evolutionary biology, focusing on the elements of theories—selection, adaptation, and species—that are complex and open to multiple possible interpretations, many of which are incompatible with one another and with other accepted practices in the discipline. Particular experimental methods, for example, may demand one understanding of “selection,” while the application of the same concept to another area of evolutionary biology could necessitate a very different definition. Spotlighting these conceptual difficulties and presenting alternate theoretical interpretations that alleviate this incompatibility, Massimo Pigliucci and Jonathan Kaplan intertwine scientific and philosophical analysis to produce a coherent picture of evolutionary biology. Innovative and controversial, Making Sense of Evolution encourages further development of the Modern Synthesis and outlines what might be necessary for the continued refinement of this evolving field.

Evolution

Author: Georg Toepfer
Publisher: Reclam Verlag
ISBN: 3159604004
Size: 61.75 MB
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Seit ihrer Begründung Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts stellt die Evolutionstheorie keine scharf umrissene und systematisch geschlossene Theorie dar. Entsprechend gilt es, spezifisch philosophische Fragen zu stellen: Wie ist der Begriff der Evolution genau zu bestimmen? Hat die Theorie selbst empirischen Gehalt? Was ist von dem Vorwurf ihrer empirischen Leere zu halten? Inwiefern kann die Evolutionstheorie auch auf kulturelle Phänomene bezogen werden? Und gibt es Grenzen der Anwendbarkeit der Theorie? Oder kann jeder Prozess des Wandels nach dem Modell der Evolution verstanden werden?

The Year In Evolutionary Biology 2009

Author: Carl D. Schlichting
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1573317543
Size: 47.89 MB
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This volume features an important collection of review articles highlighting the top science and developments in the field of evolutionary biology. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.

The Adaptive Landscape In Evolutionary Biology

Author: Erik Svensson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199595372
Size: 15.79 MB
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The 'Adaptive Landscape' has been a central concept in population genetics and evolutionary biology since this powerful metaphor was first formulated in 1932. This volume brings together historians of science, philosophers, ecologists, and evolutionary biologists, to discuss the state of the art from several different perspectives.

Towards A Theory Of Development

Author: Alessandro Minelli
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651184
Size: 53.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2011
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Is it possible to explain and predict the development of living things? What is development? Articulate answers to these seemingly innocuous questions are far from straightforward. To date, no systematic, targeted effort has been made to construct a unifying theory of development. This novel work offers a unique exploration of the foundations of ontogeny by asking how the development of living things should be understood. It explores the key concepts of developmental biology, asks whether general principles of development can be discovered, and examines the role of models and theories. The two editors (one a biologist with long interest in the theoretical aspects of his discipline, the other a philosopher of science who has mainly worked on biological systems) have assembled a team of leading contributors who are representative of the scientific and philosophical community within which a diversity of thoughts are growing, and out of which a theory of development may eventually emerge. They analyse a wealth of approaches to concepts, models and theories of development, such as gene regulatory networks, accounts based on systems biology and on physics of soft matter, the different articulations of evolution and development, symbiont-induced development, as well as the widely discussed concepts of positional information and morphogenetic field, the idea of a 'programme' of development and its critiques, and the long-standing opposition between preformationist and epigenetic conceptions of development. Towards a Theory of Development is primarily aimed at students and researchers in the fields of 'evo-devo', developmental biology, theoretical biology, systems biology, biophysics, and the philosophy of science.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Biology

Author: Sahotra Sarkar
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN:
Size: 64.86 MB
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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field