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Managing Spent Nuclear Fuel

Author: Tom LaTourrette
Publisher: RAND Corporation
ISBN: 9780833051080
Size: 69.43 MB
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Increasing awareness of the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has renewed interest in nuclear power generation. At the same time, the longstanding logjam over how to manage spent nuclear fuel continues to hamper the expansion of nuclear power. If nuclear power is to be a sustainable option for the United States, methods for managing spent fuel that meet stringent safety and environmental standards must be implemented. This monograph evaluates the main technical and institutional approaches to spent nuclear fuel management and identifies implications for the development of spent fuel management policy. The authors find that on-site storage, centralized interim storage, and permanent geological disposal are generally safe, secure, and low- to moderate-cost approaches with no insurmountable technical obstacles. Advanced fuel cycles enabling spent-fuel recycling could reduce waste repository capacity needs but are difficult to evaluate because they still in early research stages. Public acceptance challenges stand as a major impediment to any technical approach. The analysis shows that the technical approaches can be combined in different ways to form different spent fuel management strategies that can be distinguished primarily in terms of societal preferences in three areas: the disposition of spent fuel, the growth of nuclear power, and intergenerational trade-offs.

Alternative Energy In The Middle East

Author: G. Bahgat
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137264586
Size: 20.92 MB
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Gawdat Bahgat examines alternative energy (renewable and nuclear) in the Middle East. These largely under-utilized resources represent tremendous economic and environmental opportunities.

Managing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Author: Mary Beth Dunham Nikitin
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437923232
Size: 72.64 MB
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Contents: (1) Introduction; (2) Renewed Interest in Nuclear Power Expansion: (a) Worldwide Nuclear Power Status; (b) Nuclear Fuel Services Market: Yellowcake; Conversion; Enrichment; Fuel Fabrication; (c) Final Stages of the Fuel Cycle; (d) Waste Disposal and Energy Security; (3) Proposals on the Fuel Cycle: Pres. Bush¿s '04 Proposal; Discussions in the Nuclear Suppliers Group; El Baradei Proposal; IAEA Experts Group/INFCIRC/640; Putin Initiative; Six Country Concept; IAEA Fuel Bank; Congress. Support; World Nuclear Assoc.; IAEA Standby Arrange. System; Multilateral Enrichment Sanctuary Project; Enrichment Bonds; Global Nuclear Energy Partnership; (4) Comparison of Proposals; (5) Prospects for Implementing Fuel Assurance Mechanisms.

Strategy

Author: Great Britain: Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108510472
Size: 74.89 MB
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The Energy Act 2004 requires the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), a non-Departmental body, to review and publish its strategy at least every five years. This document also presents the outcome of the NDA's review of the first Strategy published in 2006. This revised Strategy sets out the NDA's strategic direction and mission. The core objective of the NDA is to ensure that the historic civil public sector nuclear legacy sites are decommissioned safely, securely, cost effectively and in ways that protect the environment. As part of this, the NDA is required to operate existing commercial activities and meet current contracts, using revenues generated to offset spend on decommissioning. Much of the original strategy therefore remains the same but the UK Government policy on nuclear energy has changed and a new reactor programme is now envisaged for England and Wales. The decommissioning programme itself has an estimated cost of £45.1 billion. The Strategy can be divided into the following groups: (1) Site restoration - which defines the approach to decommissioning redundant facilities and management of contamination; (2) Spent fuels - which is managing the diverse spent nuclear fuels; (3) Nuclear materials - consists of dealing with the inventory of uranics and plutonium, stored at some site; (4) Integrated Waste Management - concerns the management of all forms of waste arising from operating and decommissioning sites; (5) Business Organisation - looks at maximising commercial income, using assets and capabilities to reduce decommissioning costs; (6) Critical Enablers - seeks to support the NDA's overall mission. The publication is divided into five chapters focusing on these issues, with appendices. The Strategy is effective from April 2011.

Research Reactor Aluminum Spent Fuel

Author: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309060494
Size: 79.96 MB
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The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing an environmental impact statement (EIS) for management of aluminum spent fuel from foreign and domestic research reactors, much of which is highly enriched in uranium-235. This EIS will assess the need for additional treatment and storage facilities at the Savannah River Site to accommodate the receipt of this fuel, and it also will assess and select a treatment technology to prepare this fuel for interim storage and eventual shipment to a repository for disposal. This National Research Council book, which was prepared at the request of DOE's Savannah River Office, provides a technical assessment of the technologies, costs, and schedules developed by DOE for eight alternative treatment options and the baseline reprocessing option. It also provides comments on DOE's aluminum spent fuel disposal program, a program that is slated to last for about 40 years and cost in excess of $2 billion.