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Managing The Risks Of Organizational Accidents

Author: J. T. Reason
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 58.71 MB
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Major accidents are rare events due to the many barriers, safeguards and defences developed by modern technologies. But they continue to happen with saddening regularity and their human and financial consequences are all too often unacceptably catastrophic. One of the challenges facing the next millennium is to develop more effective ways of both understanding and limiting their occurrence.This lucid book presents a set of common principles to further our knowledge of the causes of major accidents in a wide variety of high technology systems. It also describes tools and techniques for managing the risks of such organizational accidents that go beyond those currently available to system managers and safety professionals.The Author deals comprehensively with the prevention of major accidents arising from human and organizational causes. He argues that the same general principles and management techniques are appropriate for many different domains. These include banks and insurance companies just as much as nuclear power plants, oil exploration and production companies, chemical process installations and air, sea and rail transport.Its unique combination of principles and practicalities make this book essential reading for those people whose daily business is to manage, audit and regulate hazardous technologies of all kinds. It is relevant to those concerned with understanding and controlling human and organizational factors and will also interest academic readers and those working in industrial and government agencies.

Managing The Risks Of Organizational Accidents

Author: James Reason
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134855427
Size: 32.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2652
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Major accidents are rare events due to the many barriers, safeguards and defences developed by modern technologies. But they continue to happen with saddening regularity and their human and financial consequences are all too often unacceptably catastrophic. One of the greatest challenges we face is to develop more effective ways of both understanding and limiting their occurrence. This lucid book presents a set of common principles to further our knowledge of the causes of major accidents in a wide variety of high-technology systems. It also describes tools and techniques for managing the risks of such organizational accidents that go beyond those currently available to system managers and safety professionals. James Reason deals comprehensively with the prevention of major accidents arising from human and organizational causes. He argues that the same general principles and management techniques are appropriate for many different domains. These include banks and insurance companies just as much as nuclear power plants, oil exploration and production companies, chemical process installations and air, sea and rail transport. Its unique combination of principles and practicalities make this seminal book essential reading for all whose daily business is to manage, audit and regulate hazardous technologies of all kinds. It is relevant to those concerned with understanding and controlling human and organizational factors and will also interest academic readers and those working in industrial and government agencies.

Organizational Accidents Revisited

Author: James Reason
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1134806078
Size: 22.33 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents introduced the notion of an ’organizational accident’. These are rare but often calamitous events that occur in complex technological systems operating in hazardous circumstances. They stand in sharp contrast to ’individual accidents’ whose damaging consequences are limited to relatively few people or assets. Although they share some common causal factors, they mostly have quite different causal pathways. The frequency of individual accidents - usually lost-time injuries - does not predict the likelihood of an organizational accident. The book also elaborated upon the widely-cited Swiss Cheese Model. Organizational Accidents Revisited extends and develops these ideas using a standardized causal analysis of some 10 organizational accidents that have occurred in a variety of domains in the nearly 20 years that have passed since the original was published. These analyses provide the ’raw data’ for the process of drilling down into the underlying causal pathways. Many contributing latent conditions recur in a variety of domains. A number of these - organizational issues, design, procedures and so on - are examined in close detail in order to identify likely problems before they combine to penetrate the defences-in-depth. Where the 1997 book focused largely upon the systemic factors underlying organizational accidents, this complementary follow-up goes beyond this to examine what can be done to improve the ’error wisdom’ and risk awareness of those on the spot; they are often the last line of defence and so have the power to halt the accident trajectory before it can cause damage. The book concludes by advocating that system safety should require the integration of systemic factors (collective mindfulness) with individual mental skills (personal mindfulness).

Organizational Accidents Revisited

Author: Professor James Reason
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472447670
Size: 32.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7584
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Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents introduced the notion of an ‘organizational accident’. These are rare but often calamitous events that occur in complex technological systems operating in hazardous circumstances. They stand in sharp contrast to ‘individual accidents’ whose damaging consequences are limited to relatively few people or assets. Although they share some common causal factors, they mostly have quite different causal pathways. The frequency of individual accidents - usually lost-time injuries - does not predict the likelihood of an organizational accident. The book also elaborated upon the widely-cited Swiss Cheese Model. Organizational Accidents Revisited extends and develops these ideas using a standardised causal analysis of some 10 organizational accidents that have occurred in a variety of domains in the nearly 20 years that have passed since the original was published. These analyses provide the ‘raw data’ for the process of drilling down into the underlying causal pathways. Many contributing latent conditions recur in a variety of domains. A number of these - organizational issues, design, procedures and so on - are examined in close detail in order to identify likely problems before they combine to penetrate the defences-in-depth. Where the 1997 book focused largely upon the systemic factors underlying organisational accidents, this complementary follow-up goes beyond this to examine what can be done to improve the ‘error wisdom’ and risk awareness of those on the spot; they are often the last line of defence and so have the power to halt the accident trajectory before it can cause damage. The book concludes by advocating that system safety should require the integration of systemic factors (collective mindfulness) with individual mental skills (personal mindfulness).

Hochleistungsmanagement

Author: Peter Pawlowsky
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834998788
Size: 66.71 MB
Format: PDF
View: 326
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Dieses Buch gewährt Einblicke in das praktische Handeln von Hochleistungsteams, beinhaltet praktische Erfahrungsberichte aus den Einsatzfeldern der Hochleistung und wesentliche Linien der empirischen Forschung zu diesen Bereichen. Es versucht Erkenntnisse aus diesen unterschiedlichen disziplinären Feldern, wie z. B. Arbeitswissenschaften, Fehlerforschung, Hochverlässlichkeits-Ansätze, Human-Factor-Forschung, Sportwissenschaften, Psychologie, Soziologie oder Managementlehre zu verbinden und zeigt Möglichkeiten auf, die Erkenntnisse des Hochleistungsmanagements auf das Management und die Führung von Wirtschaftsorganisationen zu übertragen.

Harnessing The Power Of Failure

Author: John Steven Newman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787541991
Size: 46.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this book the authors employ the SFCS approach to explore a vast array of failure events in multiple sectors of transportation, industry, aerospace, construction, and critical infrastructure.

Der Blaue Ozean Als Strategie

Author: W. Chan Kim
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446448470
Size: 19.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1476
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Das Buch ist ein globales Phänomen. Es wurde 3,5 Millionen Mal verkauft, in rekordverdächtigen 43 Sprachen publiziert und ist auf 5 Kontinenten zum Bestseller geworden. Nun ist es in einer aktualisierten und erweiterten Auflage neu erschienen. - Der internationale Bestseller: Jetzt mit neuem Vorwort, neuen Kapiteln und aktualisierten Fallstudien - Ein Bestseller auf 5 Kontinenten - Weltweit mehr als 3,5 Millionen Bücher verkauft - In 43 Sprachen übersetzt - Ein Wall-Street-Journal-, Businessweek- und Fast-Company-Bestseller Der von Organisationen und Branchen auf der ganzen Welt hochgeschätzte Bestseller stellt alles in Frage, was wir bisher über die Voraussetzungen strategischen Erfolgs zu wissen glaubten. Der Blaue Ozean als Strategie, vertritt die Ansicht, dass ein brutaler Konkurrenzkampf nur dazu führt, dass sich die Konkurrenten in einem blutrot gefärbten Ozean um rapide schwindende Gewinnmöglichkeiten streiten. Basierend auf der Untersuchung von mehr als 150 strategischen Schachzügen (im Lauf von mehr als 100 Jahren und in mehr als 50 Branchen) vertreten die Autoren die Ansicht, dass nachhaltiger Erfolg nicht auf verschärftem Konkurrenzkampf, sondern auf der Eroberung »Blauer Ozeane« beruht: der Erschließung neuer Märkte mit großem Wachstumspotenzial. Der Blaue Ozean als Strategie präsentiert einen systematischen Ansatz, wie man Konkurrenz irrelevant macht, und legt Prinzipien und Methoden vor, mit der jede Organisation ihre eigenen Blauen Ozeane erobern kann. Diese erweiterte Auflage enthält: - Ein neues Vorwort der Autoren: Hilfe! Mein Ozean färbt sich rot. - Aktualisierungen der in dem Buch behandelten Fälle und Beispiele, indem ihre Geschichte bis in die Gegenwart weitervorfolgt wird. - Zwei neue Kapitel und ein erweitertes drittes Kapitel: Ausrichtung, Erneuerung und Red Ocean Traps. Sie behandeln die wichtigsten Fragen, die die Leser in den vergangenen zehn Jahren gestellt haben. Der bahnbrechende Bestseller stellt das bisherige strategische Denken auf den Kopf und entwirft einen kühnen neuen Weg in die Zukunft. Hier können Sie lernen, wie man neue Märkte erschließt, auf denen Konkurrenz noch keine Rolle spielt. "Das ist ein extrem wertvolles Buch." Nicolas G. Hayek, Verwaltungsratpräsident, Swatch Group "Ein Muss für Manager und Wirtschaftsstudenten." Carlos Ghosn, President und CEO, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. "Die Strategien von Kim und Mauborgne sind nicht nur neu, sondern auch praxisnah. Wir haben sie in unserem Unternehmen mit großem Erfolg umgesetzt." Patrick Snowball, Chief Executive, Norwich Union Insurance Wenn Sie mehr über die innovative Kraft des Buches wissen wollen, besuchen Sie blueoceanstrategy.com. Dort finden Sie alle Mittel, die Sie brauchen: praktische Ideen und Fallbeispiele aus staatlichen Unternehmen und der Privatindustrie, Lehrmaterial, Mobile Apps, aktuelle Updates sowie Tipps und Tools, mit denen Sie Ihre Reise auf dem Blauen Ozean erfolgreich gestalten können.

Managing Risk

Author: Romney Beecher Duffey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047071445X
Size: 50.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6198
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The human element is the principle cause of incidents and accidents in all technology industries; hence it is evident that an understanding of the interaction between humans and technology is crucial to the effective management of risk. Despite this, no tested model that explicitly and quantitatively includes the human element in risk prediction is currently available. Managing Risk: the Human Element combines descriptive and explanatory text with theoretical and mathematical analysis, offering important new concepts that can be used to improve the management of risk, trend analysis and prediction, and hence affect the accident rate in technological industries. It uses examples of major accidents to identify common causal factors, or “echoes”, and argues that the use of specific experience parameters for each particular industry is vital to achieving a minimum error rate as defined by mathematical prediction. New ideas for the perception, calculation and prediction of risk are introduced, and safety management is covered in depth, including for rare events and “unknown” outcomes Discusses applications to multiple industries including nuclear, aviation, medical, shipping, chemical, industrial, railway, offshore oil and gas; Shows consistency between learning for large systems and technologies with the psychological models of learning from error correction at the personal level; Offers the expertise of key leading industry figures involved in safety work in the civil aviation and nuclear engineering industries; Incorporates numerous fascinating case studies of key technological accidents. Managing Risk: the Human Element is an essential read for professional safety experts, human reliability experts and engineers in all technological industries, as well as risk analysts, corporate managers and statistical analysts. It is also of interest to professors, researchers and postgraduate students of reliability and safety engineering, and to experts in human performance. “...congratulations on what appears to be, at a high level of review, a significant contribution to the literature...I have found much to be admired in (your) research” Mr. Joseph Fragola – Vice President of Valador Inc. “The book is not only technically informative, but also attractive to all concerned readers and easy to be comprehended at various level of educational background. It is truly an excellent book ever written for the safety risk managers and analysis professionals in the engineering community, especially in the high reliability organizations...” Dr Feng Hsu, Head of Risk Assessment and Management, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center “I admire your courage in confronting your theoretical ideas with such diverse, ecologically valid data, and your success in capturing a major trend in them....I should add that I find all this quite inspiring . ...The idea that you need to find the right measure of accumulated experience and not just routinely used calendar time makes so much sense that it comes as a shock to realize that this is a new idea”, Professor Stellan Ohlsson, Professor of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago