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Many Body Physics Topology And Geometry

Author: Siddhartha Sen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981467818X
Size: 30.42 MB
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The book explains concepts and ideas of mathematics and physics that are relevant for advanced students and researchers of condensed matter physics. With this aim, a brief intuitive introduction to many-body theory is given as a powerful qualitative tool for understanding complex systems. The important emergent concept of a quasiparticle is then introduced as a way to reduce a many-body problem to a single particle quantum problem. Examples of quasiparticles in graphene, superconductors, superfluids and in a topological insulator on a superconductor are discussed. The mathematical idea of self-adjoint extension, which allows short distance information to be included in an effective long distance theory through boundary conditions, is introduced through simple examples and then applied extensively to analyse and predict new physical consequences for graphene. The mathematical discipline of topology is introduced in an intuitive way and is then combined with the methods of differential geometry to show how the emergence of gapless states can be understood. Practical ways of carrying out topological calculations are described. Contents:OverviewMany-Body TheoryTopology and GeometryBoundary Conditions and Self-Adjoint ExtensionsElectronic Properties of Graphene Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Key Features:Topics are of current interest, e.g. graphene, topological insulators, Majorana fermionsIs self-contained and provides all the background material necessary to understand the physical or mathematical concepts discussedPractical ways of using topology, self-adjoint extensions as well as ways of making qualitative estimates in physics are explained and then illustrated by examplesKeywords:Condensed Matter Physics;Topology;Differential Geometry;Many-Body Problem;Graphene;Self-Adjoint Extensions;K-Theory;Quasiparticles;Superconductivity;Superfluidity;Topological Insulator;Mathematical Physics

Condensed Matter Field Theory

Author: Alexander Altland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521769752
Size: 22.55 MB
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This primer is aimed at elevating graduate students of condensed matter theory to a level where they can engage in independent research. Topics covered include second quantisation, path and functional field integration, mean-field theory and collective phenomena.

Quantum Physics Volume 2 From Time Dependent Dynamics To Many Body Physics And Quantum Chaos

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467209678
Size: 20.97 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Quantum Physics, Volume 2, From Time-Dependent Dynamics to Many-Body Physics and Quantum Chaos. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Applications Of Contact Geometry And Topology In Physics

Author: Arkady L Kholodenko
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814412104
Size: 65.77 MB
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Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol'd's book “Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics ”(Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges “An Introduction to Contact Topology” (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph “Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations” (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau–Lifshitz (L–L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L–L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L–L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L–L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L–L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text. Contents:Motivation and BackgroundFrom Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics to String and Knot TheoryAll About and Around Woltjer's TheoremTopologically Massive Gauge Theories and Force-Free FieldsContact Geometry and PhysicsSub-Riemannian Geometry, Heisenberg Manifolds and Quantum Mechanics of Landau LevelsAbrikosov Lattices, TGB Phases in Liquid Crystals and Heisenberg GroupSub-Riemannian Geometry, Spin Dynamics and Quantum-Classical Optimal ControlFrom Contact Geometry to Contact TopologyClosing Remarks:The Unreasonable Effectivenessof Contact Geometry and Topology in Physical SciencesAppendices:Heisenberg Group in the Context of Sub-Riemannian Geometry and Optimal ControlSub-Riemannian Dynamics of Josephson JunctionsQuantum Computers and Quantum Random WalksThe Measurement Protocol. Geometry and Topology of Entanglements Readership: Students in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Keywords:Force-Free Fields;Contact and Sub-Riemannian Geometry;Optimal Control;Theoretical PhysicsKey Features:This book is the world's first book on contact/sub-Riemannian geometry and topology for physicistsUnlike books discussing mathematical methods for physicists, this book discusses physical problems first and only then uses new mathematics to solve these problems. Problems are selected from practically all branches of theoretical physicsThis is done with the purpose of demonstrating that contact geometry should be looked upon as a universal language/technical tool of theoretical physicsReviews: “This book is written in the style of the well-known Landau-Lifshitz multivolume course in theoretical physics and its prime goal, as the author puts it, is to show the diversity of applications of contact geometry and topology. I enjoyed reading this book, in which the author allows readers to see for themselves “the same forest behind different kinds of trees”. I strongly recommend this book to interested readers.” MathSciNet

Many Body Physics With Ultracold Gases

Author: Christophe Salomon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019966188X
Size: 65.89 MB
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This book provides authoritative tutorials on the most recent achievements in the field of quantum gases at the interface between atomic physics and quantum optics, condensed matter physics, nuclear and high-energy physics, non-linear physics, and quantum information.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 7

Author: Wolfgang Nolting
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642258085
Size: 56.39 MB
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Der Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in 7 Bänden alle für das Diplom und für Bachelor/Master-Studiengänge maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt das im jeweiligen Semester notwendige theoretisch-physikalische Rüstzeug. Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffs. Die grundlegend überarbeitete Neuauflage des 7. Bandes wurde um weitere Aufgaben sowie Abschnitte zur Hochenergiephysik ergänzt. Mit der zweifarbigen Darstellung ist der Lehrstoff nun noch übersichtlicher gegliedert.

Topology And Geometry For Physics

Author: Helmut Eschrig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642146996
Size: 41.21 MB
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A concise but self-contained introduction of the central concepts of modern topology and differential geometry on a mathematical level is given specifically with applications in physics in mind. All basic concepts are systematically provided including sketches of the proofs of most statements. Smooth finite-dimensional manifolds, tensor and exterior calculus operating on them, homotopy, (co)homology theory including Morse theory of critical points, as well as the theory of fiber bundles and Riemannian geometry, are treated. Examples from physics comprise topological charges, the topology of periodic boundary conditions for solids, gauge fields, geometric phases in quantum physics and gravitation.

Theoretische Konzepte Der Physik

Author: Malcolm S. Longair
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642761119
Size: 32.87 MB
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"Dies ist kein Lehrbuch der theoretischen Physik, auch kein Kompendium der Physikgeschichte ... , vielmehr eine recht anspruchsvolle Sammlung historischer Miniaturen zur Vergangenheit der theoretischen Physik - ihrer "Sternstunden", wenn man so will. Frei vom Zwang, etwas Erschöpfendes vorlegen zu müssen, gelingt dem Autor etwas Seltenes: einen "lebendigen" Zugang zum Ideengebäude der modernen Physik freizulegen, ... zu zeigen, wie Physik in praxi entsteht... Als Vehikel seiner Absichten dienen dem Autor geschichtliche Fallstudien, insgesamt sieben an der Zahl. Aus ihnen extrahiert er das seiner Meinung nach Lehrhafte, dabei bestrebt, mathematische Anachronismen womöglich zu vermeiden... Als Student hätte ich mir diese gescheiten Essays zum Werden unserer heutigen physikalischen Weltsicht gewünscht. Sie sind originell, didaktisch klug und genieren sich auch nicht, von der Faszination zu sprechen, die ... von der Physik ausgeht. Unnötig darauf hinzuweisen, das sie ein gründliches "konventionelles" Studium weder ersetzen wollen noch können, sie vermögen aber, dazu zu ermuntern." #Astronomische Nachrichten (zur englischen Ausgabe)#1

Issues In Algebra Geometry And Topology 2013 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490111069
Size: 37.74 MB
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Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Topology. The editors have built Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Topology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.