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Mao Zedong And China In The Twentieth Century World

Author: Rebecca E. Karl
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822393026
Size: 13.81 MB
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Throughout this lively and concise historical account of Mao Zedong’s life and thought, Rebecca E. Karl places the revolutionary leader’s personal experiences, social visions and theory, military strategies, and developmental and foreign policies in a dynamic narrative of the Chinese revolution. She situates Mao and the revolution in a global setting informed by imperialism, decolonization, and third worldism, and discusses worldwide trends in politics, the economy, military power, and territorial sovereignty. Karl begins with Mao’s early life in a small village in Hunan province, documenting his relationships with his parents, passion for education, and political awakening during the fall of the Qing dynasty in late 1911. She traces his transition from liberal to Communist over the course of the next decade, his early critiques of the subjugation of women, and the gathering force of the May 4th movement for reform and radical change. Describing Mao’s rise to power, she delves into the dynamics of Communist organizing in an overwhelmingly agrarian society, and Mao’s confrontations with Chiang Kaishek and other nationalist conservatives. She also considers his marriages and romantic liaisons and their relation to Mao as the revolutionary founder of Communism in China. After analyzing Mao’s stormy tenure as chairman of the People’s Republic of China, Karl concludes by examining his legacy in China from his death in 1976 through the Beijing Olympics in 2008.

Staging The World

Author: Rebecca E. Karl
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822383527
Size: 52.44 MB
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In Staging the World Rebecca E. Karl rethinks the production of nationalist discourse in China during the late Qing period, between China’s defeat in the Sino-Japanese War in 1895 and the proclamation of the Republic in 1911. She argues that at this historical moment a growing Chinese identification with what we now call the Third World first made the modern world visible as a totality and that the key components of Chinese nationalist discourse developed in reference to this worldview. The emergence of Chinese nationalism during this period is often portrayed as following from China’s position vis-à-vis Japan and the West. Karl has mined the archives of the late Qing period to discern the foci of Chinese intellectuals from 1895 to 1911 to assert that even though the China/Japan/West triangle was crucial, it alone is an incomplete—and therefore flawed—model of the development of nationalism in China. Although the perceptions and concerns of these thinkers form the basis of Staging the World, Karl begins by examining a 1904 Shanghai production of an opera about a fictional partition of Poland and its modern reincarnation as an ethno-nation. By focusing on the type of dialogue this opera generated in China, Karl elucidates concepts such as race, colonization, globalization, and history. From there, she discusses how Chinese conceptions of nationalism were affected by the “discovery” of Hawai’i as a center of the Pacific, the Philippine revolution against the United States, and the relationship between nationality and ethnicity made apparent by the Boer War in South Africa.

Policing Chinese Politics

Author: Michael Robert Dutton
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780822334774
Size: 80.92 MB
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In the first line of his Selected Works, Mao Zedong states, "Who are our enemies, who are our friends, that is the question germane to the revolution." In Policing Chinese Politics, Michael Dutton argues that this friend/enemy dichotomy structured Chinese social order for much of the twentieth century, and the functioning of the Chinese police reflected this. Unlike western policing, which grew out of community efforts to control crime, modern Chinese policing--born in war and revolution--was founded to defend the Communist Party. Analyzing empirical evidence including extensive material from Chinese Public Security sources, Dutton tells the political history of modern China through the history of its policing practices. The deeply political character of the Chinese police was established in the 1920s, when the Communists were fighting against Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists. Despite being surrounded and badly outnumbered by their Nationalist enemies, the Communists dedicated themselves to self-destructive campaigns against "the enemy within"-real and imagined traitors to the Communist cause. Committing the police to ferreting out these internal enemies proved pivotal. For the next fifty years, the pursuit of "counter-revolutionary" enemies provided the governing principle of Chinese policing. This proved a surprisingly flexible mission, ranging from the political purges of the 1920s to the anti-drug and anti-prostitution sweeps of the 1950s to the prosecution of the Gang of Four and their followers in the 1970s. Dutton presents a timeline of this history in each chapter, relating political developments to contemporary policing practices. Political policing began to decline with the economic reforms of the 1970s, as policing stability replaced policing the revolutionary line. The history of the police force as a Party organ, however, continues to limit true reform.

Resisting Dictatorship

Author: Vincent Boudreau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521109611
Size: 37.73 MB
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Vincent Boudreau's book compares state repression in three post-war dictatorships under Burma's Ne Win, Indonesia's Suharto and the Philippines' Ferdinand Marcos. In each case the dictator faced distinct social challenges and responded with specifically tailored repressive strategies. These strategies shaped the resources, social bases and opposition cultures available to dissidents and in turn influenced the effectiveness of that opposition. The author balances his first-hand research in the countries in question with the social movements literature to consider the long-term interactions between the regimes and their societies in the wake of repression, and the emergence of the democracy movements which followed. This is a thought-provoking book, which offers a truly comparative study on dictatorship, resistance and democracy in South East Asia. As such, it will be invaluable to students, as well as to those involved in policy making and commentating on the region.

China In War And Revolution 1895 1949

Author: Associate Research Fellow Peter Zarrow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134219776
Size: 17.49 MB
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Providing historical insights essential to the understanding of contemporary China, this text presents a nation's story of trauma and growth during the early twentieth century. It explains how China's defeat by Japan in 1895 prompted an explosion of radical reform proposals and the beginning of elite Chinese disillusionment with the Qing government. The book explores how this event also prompted five decades of efforts to strengthen the state and the nation, democratize the political system, and build a fairer and more unified society. Peter Zarrow weaves narrative together with thematic chapters that pause to address in-depth themes central to China's transformation. While the book proceeds chronologically, the chapters in each part examine particular aspects of these decades in a more focused way, borrowing from methodologies of the social sciences, cultural studies, and empirical historicism. Essential reading for both students and instructors alike, it draws a picture of the personalities, ideas and processes by which a modern state was created out of the violence and trauma of these decades.

Anyuan

Author: Elizabeth J. Perry
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520271890
Size: 19.39 MB
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“This book is classic Perry -- elegantly and clearly written, based on rich and previously unexplored source material, full of human detail on political actors at the local level, presenting a gripping narrative and a clear analytical thrust. Perry’s account of Anyuan is fresh and original, making a convincing case for the area’s enduring contribution to the revolution.” - Joseph W. Esherick, UC San Diego, author of Ancestral Leaves

Sources In Chinese History

Author: David G. Atwill
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132330893
Size: 80.53 MB
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The format of Sources in Chinese History assumes the use of outside readings or a textbook, but for the more adventurous it could also be used as a standalone sourcebook. Each chapter begins with a short introductory essay that examines a key event, personage, or theme from the period covered by the chapter. In addition, the authors have selected perspectives that help to orient the student to the issues, trends and challenges of each particular period, and hope that the different viewpoints presented will lead students to rethink the way in which historical events are commonly understood.

China S Rise In Historical Perspective

Author: Brantly Womack
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742567230
Size: 69.79 MB
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This innovative text combines an understanding of the history of China's rise with analyses of its current challenges. Renowned historians, economists, and political scientists explore the internal dynamic of China's rise since traditional times through the key themes of China's identity, security, economy, environment, energy, and politics. Each themed section pairs a historian with a social scientist to give an overall view of where China is coming from and where it is heading. One of the PRC's best-known experts on international relations concludes by reflecting on the political psychology of China's view of itself in the world. Written in clear and accessible style, this nuanced book will be essential reading for all readers interested in China past and present and its growing global role.

China Since 1919

Author: Alan Lawrance
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415251419
Size: 65.19 MB
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This Sourcebook tells the momentous history of China since 1919 from the viewpoints of participants. Over 150 extracts from political statements, telegrams, speeches, memoirs, letters and poems illuminate the historical development of China from the May Fourth Movement onwards, and answer key questions such as: Has China's modernization over the last 100 years depended on turning to the West? What new problems has growing prosperity created for China? This collection includes many classic documents as well as less accessible extracts, including a number only recently in the public domain. It will be an invaluable source of information for anyone interested in the modern history of China.

Quotations From Chairman Mao Tsetung

Author: Zedong Mao
Publisher: China Books
ISBN: 9780835123884
Size: 66.31 MB
Format: PDF
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This new reprint brings back our best-selling book to date, in the familiar red plastic cover. Still popular as a textbook and primary document of the Cultural Revolution. The book that changed the world and shaped a generation of Chinese people, it contains the essence of Mao's philosophy, political thinking and military strategy.