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Mapping The Chemical Environment Of Urban Areas

Author: Christopher C. Johnson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470670088
Size: 57.25 MB
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This comprehensive text focuses on the increasingly important issues of urban geochemical mapping with key coverage of the distribution and behaviour of chemicals and compounds in the urban environment. Clearly structured throughout, the first part of the book covers general aspects of urban chemical mapping with an overview of current practice and reviews of different aspects of the component methodologies. The second part includes case histories from different urban areas around Europe authored by those national or academic institutions tasked with investigating the chemical environments of their major urban centers.

Environmental Geochemistry

Author: Benedetto DeVivo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044464007X
Size: 72.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Clean Soil And Safe Water

Author: Francesca F. Quercia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400722427
Size: 28.20 MB
Format: PDF
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This book addresses questions of relevance to governments and industry in many countries around the world, in particular concerning the link between contaminated-land-management programs and the protection of drinking water resources and the potential effects of climate changes on the availability of these same resources. On the “problem” side, it reports and analyzes methodologies and experiences in monitoring and characterization of drinking water resources (at basin, country and continental scales), pollution prevention, assessment of background quality and of impacts on safety and public health from land and water contamination and impacts of climate change. On the “solution” side, the book presents results from national cleanup programs, recent advances in research into groundwater and soil remediation techniques, treatment technologies, research needs and information sources, land and wastewater management approaches aimed at the protection of drinking water.

Urban Watersheds

Author: Martin M. Kaufman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439852828
Size: 60.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With the continuing increase in population, more people are sharing the finite resources of the urban watershed, resulting in new and increasingly complex interactions between humans and the environment. Environmental contamination is a chronic problem—and an expensive one. In urban areas, water and soil contamination poses a threat to public health and has implications for future development. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Urban Watersheds: Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development offers a framework for those working to improve the urban environment and create sustainable urban watersheds. The book presents over 20 years of research and professional practice on urban watersheds from the fields of environmental geology, geochemistry, risk analysis, hydrology, and urban planning. The geological characteristics of urbanized watersheds along with the properties of their common contaminants are integrated to assess risk factors for soil, groundwater, and air. With a framework rooted in scientific knowledge, the authors demonstrate the benefits of scientifically informed planning and decision making, offering guidelines to improve watershed management practices as well as urban development and redevelopment practices. Suitable for use as a textbook and as a professional practice reference, the book includes case studies on successful and unsuccessful approaches to contaminant remediation as well as practical methods for environmental risk assessment. PowerPoint® presentations of selected portions of the book are available with qualifying course adoption.

Chemical Biological And Environmental Engineering Proceedings Of The International Conference On Cbee 2009

Author: Li Kai
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814295043
Size: 18.18 MB
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Held in Singapore from 9 to 11 October 2009, the 2009 International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (CBEE 2009) aims to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research and development activities in chemical, biological and environmental engineering. Conference delegates will also have the opportunity to exchange new ideas and application experiences, establish business or research relations and find global partners for future collaboration. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: The Future of Biopharmaceutics'' Production (92 KB). Contents: Study on Pyrolysis Characteristics of Electronic Waste (J Sun et al.); Application of Noise Mapping on Environmental Management (K-T Tsai et al.); Characteristics and Transport Properties of Two Modified Zero Valent Iron (Y-H Lin et al.); Synthesis of Visible Light Active N-Doped Titania Photocatalyst (C Kusumawardani et al.); CFD-PBM Modeling of Vertical Bubbly Flows (M R Rahimi & H Karimi); Hydrotalcite-Like Synthesis Using Magnesium from Brine Water (E Heraldy et al.); Cement/Activated-Carbon Solidification/Stabilization Treatment of Nitrobenzene (Z Su et al.); Investigation of Fish Species Biodiversity in Haraz River (I Piri et al.); Risk Assessment of Fluoride in Indian Context (V Chaudhary & M Kumar); Light Transmission In Fluidized Bed (E Shahbazali et al.); Drying of Mushroom Using a Solar Tunnel Dryer (M A Basunia et al.); and other papers. Readership: Researchers, engineers, academicians and industrial professionals in related fields of chemical, biological and environmental engineering.

Soundscape And The Built Environment

Author: Jian Kang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482226324
Size: 64.52 MB
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Soundscape Basics and Practical Implications Soundscape research represents a paradigm shift, as it involves human and social sciences and physical measurements to account for the diversity of soundscapes across countries and cultures. Moreover, it treats environmental sounds as a resource rather than a waste. Soundscape and the Built Environment is the first book to systematically discuss soundscape in the built environment. It begins with a presentation of theory and basic background, answering questions such as: what is soundscape, how is it important, and how does it affect people in terms of their health and perception on the acoustic environment. The book then sets out tools for implementing a soundscape approach, with measurement techniques, mapping, and good soundscape practices. It also delivers a series of examples of the application of the soundscape approach in planning, design, and assessment. Discusses soundscape and environmental noise Explores cultural variations and the way they influence soundscape Introduces binaural measurement technology and psychoacoustics Examines the physical, psychological, and physiological restorative mechanism of high-quality acoustic environments Presents soundscape mapping based on human perception of sound sources Includes real-world examples and case studies highlighting the key issues in soundscape intervention Soundscape and the Built Environment is written by a group of leading international figures and derives from a four-year EU COST project on Soundscapes of European Cities and Landscapes. It presents a consensus on the current state of the art and is not merely a collection of different views. It is written for acoustic consultants, urban planners, designers and policy makers, as well as for graduate students and researchers.

Chemical Fate And Transport In The Environment

Author: Harold F. Hemond
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123982669
Size: 57.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The third edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media is introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by a presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment, and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes many worked examples as well as extensive exercises at the end of each chapter Illustrates the interconnections and similarities among environmental media through its coverage of surface waters, the subsurface, and the atmosphere Written and organized concisely to map to a single-semester course Discusses and builds upon fundamental concepts, ensuring that the material is accessible to readers who do not have an extensive background in environmental science

Toxicologic Assessment Of The Army S Zinc Cadmium Sulfide Dispersion Tests

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309174787
Size: 16.69 MB
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During the 1950s and 1960s, the U.S. Army conducted atmospheric dispersion tests in many American cities using fluorescent particles of zinc cadmium sulfide (ZnCdS) to develop and verify meteorological models to estimate the dispersal of aerosols. Upon learning of the tests, many citizens and some public health officials in the affected cities raised concerns about the health consequences of the tests. This book assesses the public health effects of the Army's tests, including the toxicity of ZnCdS, the toxicity of surrogate cadmium compounds, the environmental fate of ZnCdS, the extent of public exposures from the dispersion tests, and the risks of such exposures.

Environmental Noise Pollution

Author: Enda Murphy
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0124116140
Size: 36.85 MB
Format: PDF
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Environmental Noise Pollution: Noise Mapping, Public Health and Policy addresses the key debates surrounding environmental noise pollution with a particular focus on the European Union. Environmental noise pollution is an emerging public policy and environmental concern and is considered to be one of the most important environmental stressors affecting public health throughout the world. This book examines environmental noise pollution, its health implications, the role of strategic noise mapping for problem assessment, major sources of environmental noise pollution, noise mitigation approaches, and related procedural and policy implications. Drawing on the authors' considerable research expertise in the area, the book is the first coherent work on this major environmental stressor, a new benchmark reference across disciplinary, policy and national boundaries. Highlights recent developments in the policy arena with particular focus on developments in the EU within the context of the European Noise Directive Explores the lessons emerging from nations within the EU and other jurisdictions attempting to legislate and mitigate against the harmful effects of noise pollution Covers the core theoretical concepts and principles surrounding the mechanics of noise pollution as well as the evidence-base linking noise with public health concerns

Geoenvironmental Mapping Methods Theory And Practice

Author: Peter T Bobrowsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789054104872
Size: 58.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This text illustrates the range of environmental geoscience mapping presently carried out around the world. Specialists in several countries have contributed a number of subdisciplinary and thematic topics including volcanic hazards, landslides, dolines, tsunamis, radon potential, medical geology, rainfall erosion, engineering geology, borehole stratigraphy, lake sediment geochemistry, aggregate resources and remote sensing. The collection, analysis and interpretation of data by geologists, geographers and engineers typically involves the presentation of information in map form, which can range from black/white to colour, 2-D to 3-D and paper copy to digital format illustrations. This volume reaffirms the global need for mapping geoscientific data.