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Marine Microorganisms

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315354551
Size: 26.96 MB
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The marine environment covers 70% of the earth’s surface and accounts for 98% of the potentially habitable space. The bioactives from marine microorganisms include antibiotic compounds, polysaccharides, inhibitors, enzymes, peptides, and pigments. These are used in various fields of biology that range from nutraceuticals to cosmeceuticals. Recent scientific investigations have revealed that marine microbial compounds exhibit various beneficial biological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-HIV, anti-hypertensive, and anti-diabetic. Marine Microorganisms: Extraction and Analysis of Bioactive Compounds sheds light on the extraction, clean-up, and detection methods of major compounds from marine organisms. The book includes information on the different classes of marine microorganisms and the different bioactives that can be extracted from bacteria, fungi and microalgae. Divided into 7 chapters, the book covers bioactive marine natural products, such as marine microbes, seaweeds, and marine sponges as potential sources of drug discovery, and focuses on analysis methods of the biocomponents from marine microorganisms. A useful reference tool for researchers and students, this book provides current knowledge about isolation and analysis methods of the bioactives and provides insight into the various bioactives of marine microbes toward nutraceutical and pharmaceutical development.

Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis And Applications For Food Quality

Author: N.C. Basantia
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351805940
Size: 26.79 MB
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In processing food, hyperspectral imaging, combined with intelligent software, enables digital sorters (or optical sorters) to identify and remove defects and foreign material that are invisible to traditional camera and laser sorters. Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality explores the theoretical and practical issues associated with the development, analysis, and application of essential image processing algorithms in order to exploit hyperspectral imaging for food quality evaluations. It outlines strategies and essential image processing routines that are necessary for making the appropriate decision during detection, classification, identification, quantification, and/or prediction processes. Features Covers practical issues associated with the development, analysis, and application of essential image processing for food quality applications Surveys the breadth of different image processing approaches adopted over the years in attempting to implement hyperspectral imaging for food quality monitoring Explains the working principles of hyperspectral systems as well as the basic concept and structure of hyperspectral data Describes the different approaches used during image acquisition, data collection, and visualization The book is divided into three sections. Section I discusses the fundamentals of Imaging Systems: How can hyperspectral image cube acquisition be optimized? Also, two chapters deal with image segmentation, data extraction, and treatment. Seven chapters comprise Section II, which deals with Chemometrics. One explains the fundamentals of multivariate analysis and techniques while in six other chapters the reader will find information on and applications of a number of chemometric techniques: principal component analysis, partial least squares analysis, linear discriminant model, support vector machines, decision trees, and artificial neural networks. In the last section, Applications, numerous examples are given of applications of hyperspectral imaging systems in fish, meat, fruits, vegetables, medicinal herbs, dairy products, beverages, and food additives.

Spectroscopic Methods In Food Analysis

Author: Adriana S. Franca
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498754643
Size: 77.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Given the inherent complexity of food products, most instrumental techniques employed for quality and authenticity evaluation (e.g., chromatographic methods) are time demanding, expensive, and involve a considerable amount of manual labor. Therefore, there has been an increasing interest in simpler, faster, and reliable analytical methods for assessing food quality attributes. Spectroscopic Methods in Food Analysis presents the basic concepts of spectroscopic methods, together with a discussion on the most important applications in food analysis. The determination of product quality and authenticity and the detection of adulteration are major issues in the food industry, causing concern among consumers and special attention among food manufacturers. As such, this book explains why spectroscopic methods have been extensively employed to the analysis of food products as they often require minimal or no sample preparation, provide rapid and on-line analysis, and have the potential to run multiple tests on a single sample (i.e., non-destructive). This book consists of concepts related to food quality and authenticity, that are quite broad, given the different demands of the manufacturer, the consumer, the surveillance and the legislative bodies that ultimately provide healthy and safe products.

Fingerprinting Techniques In Food Authentication And Traceability

Author: K. S. Siddiqi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351998668
Size: 77.42 MB
Format: PDF
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There is an increasing interest by consumers for high-quality food products with a clear geographical origin. With these products in demand, suitable analytical techniques are needed for the quality control. Current analytical approaches are mass spectrometry techniques, spectroscopic techniques, separation techniques, and others. Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability discusses the principles of the techniques together with their advantages and drawbacks, and reported applications concerning geographical authenticity. A combination of methods analyzing different types of food compounds seems to be the most promising approach to establish the geographical origin. The abundant acquired data are analyzed by chemometrics. Producing safe and high-quality food is a prerequisite to ensure consumer health and successful domestic and international trade, and is critical to the sustainable development of national agricultural resources. Systems to trace food or feed products through specified stages of production, processing, and distribution play a key role in assuring food safety. Analytical techniques that enable the provenance of food to be determined provide an independent means of verifying traceability systems and also help to prove product authenticity, to combat fraudulent practices and to control adulteration, which are important issues for economic, religious, or cultural reasons. Proof of provenance has become an important topic in the context of food safety, food quality, and consumer protection in accordance with national legislation and international standards and guidelines.

Multiresidue Methods For The Analysis Of Pesticide Residues In Food

Author: Horacio Heinzen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351644637
Size: 54.48 MB
Format: PDF
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Pesticide residues can persist for some time and can be harmful to human health, wildlife and the global environment. Determination of such residues helps to keep the production sustainability and to design policies to protect endangered ecosystems. This book presents the key features of pesticide residues analysis in food matrices. It provides both theoretical and practical, updated information on instrumental advances and their applications as well as the main trends in sample preparations protocols employed in MRM pesticide residue analysis.

Phenolic Compounds In Food

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351646478
Size: 45.37 MB
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Phenolic compounds, one of the most widely distributed groups of secondary metabolites in plants, have received a lot of attention in the last few years since the consumption of vegetables and beverages with a high level of such compounds may reduce risks of the development of several diseases. This is partially due to their antioxidant power since other interactions with cell functions have been discovered. What’s more, phenolic compounds are involved in many functions in plants, such as sensorial properties, structure, pollination, resistance to pests and predators, germination, processes of seed, development, and reproduction. Phenolic compounds can be classified in different ways, ranging from simple molecules to highly polymerized compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food: Characterization and Analysis deals with all aspects of phenolic compounds in food. In five sections, the 21 chapters of this book address the classification and occurrence of phenolic compounds in nature and foodstuffs; discuss all major aspects of analysis of phenolic compounds in foods, such as extraction, clean-up, separation, and detection; detail specific analysis methods of a number of classes of phenolic compounds, from simple molecules to complex compounds; describe the antioxidant power of phenolic compounds; and discuss specific analysis methods in different foodstuffs.

Marine Algae Extracts

Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527679596
Size: 35.24 MB
Format: PDF
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Designed as the primary reference for the biotechnological use of macroalgae, this comprehensive handbook covers the entire value chain from the cultivation of algal biomass to harvesting and processing it, to product extraction and formulation. In addition to covering a wide range of product classes, from polysaccharides to terpenes and from enyzmes to biofuels, it systematically discusses current and future applications of algae-derived products in pharmacology, medicine, cosmetics, food and agriculture. In doing so, it brings together the expertise of marine researchers, biotechnologists and process engineers for a one-stop resource on the biotechnology of marine macroalgae.

Projektorganisation Und Management Im Software Engineering

Author: Manfred Broy
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642292909
Size: 76.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Entwicklung umfangreicher Softwaresysteme erfordert neben der Beherrschung von Softwaretechnik auch eine fundierte Projektplanung, -organisation und -durchführung. Nötig sind Kenntnisse der Aufwandsschätzung und des Angebots- und Vertragswesens. Das einzigartige Lehrbuch für Studenten bietet auch für Berufseinsteiger die Basis für Vorgehensweisen im Software Engineering. Die Kombination von praktischen Erfahrungen und methodischen Grundlagen zeigt die Anwendbarkeit der Inhalte auf. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben vertiefen das gewonnene Wissen.