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Mary Somerville

Author: Kathryn A. Neeley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521626729
Size: 10.50 MB
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A 2001 biography of the leading woman of science in Great Britain during the nineteenth century.

Women Science And Myth

Author: Sue Vilhauer Rosser
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598840959
Size: 58.62 MB
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Examines scientific and mythic beliefs about gender and the role of women in the sciences from earliest times up to the present, discussing such topics as hormones, race, feminism, and changing attitudes toward women scientists.

Femininity Mathematics And Science 1880 1914

Author: C. Jones
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230246656
Size: 55.86 MB
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Through the prism of gender, this text explores the contrasting cultures and practice of mathematics and science and asks how they impacted on women. Claire Jones assesses nineteenth-century ideas about women's intellect, femininity and masculinity, and assesses how these attitudes shaped women's experiences as students and practitioners.

Victorian Popularizers Of Science

Author: Bernard Lightman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226481174
Size: 56.71 MB
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The ideas of Charles Darwin and his fellow Victorian scientists have had an abiding effect on the modern world. But at the time The Origin of Species was published in 1859, the British public looked not to practicing scientists but to a growing group of professional writers and journalists to interpret the larger meaning of scientific theories in terms they could understand and in ways they could appreciate. Victorian Popularizers of Science focuses on this important group of men and women who wrote about science for a general audience in the second half of the nineteenth century. Bernard Lightman examines more than thirty of the most prolific, influential, and interesting popularizers of the day, investigating the dramatic lecturing techniques, vivid illustrations, and accessible literary styles they used to communicate with their audience. By focusing on a forgotten coterie of science writers, their publishers, and their public, Lightman offers new insights into the role of women in scientific inquiry, the market for scientific knowledge, tensions between religion and science, and the complexities of scientific authority in nineteenth-century Britain.

The Women Who Popularized Geology In The 19th Century

Author: Kristine Larsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319649523
Size: 24.46 MB
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The female authors highlighted in this monograph represent a special breed of science writer, women who not only synthesized the science of their day (often drawing upon their own direct experience in the laboratory, field, classroom, and/or public lecture hall), but used their works to simultaneously educate, entertain, and, in many cases, evangelize. Women played a central role in the popularization of science in the 19th century, as penning such works (written for an audience of other women and children) was considered proper "women's work." Many of these writers excelled in a particular literary technique known as the "familiar format," in which science is described in the form of a conversation between characters, especially women and children. However, the biological sciences were considered more “feminine” than the natural sciences (such as astronomy and physics), hence the number of geological “conversations” was limited. This, in turn, makes the few that were completed all the more crucial to analyze.

Queen Of Science

Author: Mary Somerville
Publisher: Canongate Books
Size: 35.50 MB
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Born in Jedburgh in 1780, Mary Fairfax was the daughter of one of Nelson's captains, and in common with most girls of her time and station she was given the kind of education which prizes gentility over ability. Nevertheless, she taught herself algebra in secret, and made her reputation in celestial mechanics with her 1831 translation of Laplace's Mécanique céleste as The Mechanism of the Heavens. As she was equally interested in art, literature, and nature Somerville's lively memoirs give a fascinating picture of her life and times from childhood in Burntisland to international recognition and retirement in Naples. She tells of her friendship with Maria Edgeworth and of her encounters with Scott and Fenimore Cooper. She remembers comets and eclipses, high society in London and Paris, Charles Babbage and his calculating engine, the Risorgimento in Italy, and the eruption of Vesuvius. Selected by her daughter and first published in 1973, these are the memoirs of a remarkable woman who became one of the most gifted mathematicians and scientists of the 19th century. Oxford's Somerville College was named after her, and the present volume, re-edited by Dorothy McMillan, draws on manuscripts owned by the college and offers the first unexpurgated edition of these revelatory writings. Edited and introduced by Dorothy McMillan.

Collected Works Of Mary Somerville

Author: Mary Somerville
Publisher: Thoemmes Pr
ISBN: 9781843710882
Size: 13.41 MB
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Mary Somerville is of central interest in gender studies, the history of nineteenth-century science and mathematics, and analyses of science and literature. The initial volume in the set includes all her published scientific papers and her review on comets, together with over thirty-five reviews of her work and life. A specially written general introduction provides an orientation to Somerville's career, work, and the broader historical setting, together with suggestions for further reading. Each of her books is introduced by an account of its composition and publishing history, together with a list of all known reviews.

Power And Protest

Author: Lori Williamson
Publisher: Rivers Oram Press
Size: 36.68 MB
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This is the first full-length biography of Frances Power Cobbe (1822-1904), Anglo-Irish reformer, feminist, and anti-vivisectionist Lori Williamson builds on original research, Cobbe's autobiography, and the work of later historians to analyze Cobbe's life as well as her ideological outlook. A workhouse visitor, Cobbe campaigned strenuously against those in power for rights of women, the poor and of animals. A prominent critic of the Poor Law, she was also the first person to draw up a petition to control cruelty to animals. Using Cobbe's thoughts and activities as a catalyst, Power and Protest explores the issues of protest, reform, hierarchy, power, and gender, the relationship between men and women, humans and animals, and includes important work on pressure-group dynamics. Given its wide-ranging scope, depiction of nineteenth-century British society and culture, and its exploration of the symbiotic relationships between ideology and the dynamics of protest, Power and Protest will attract students of history, social policy, and gender. Its emphasis on anti-vivisection activity provides a powerful basis for understanding power relations and the historical concept of rights.