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Mass Education And The Limits Of State Building C 1870 1930

Author: L. Brockliss
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230370217
Size: 36.95 MB
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The first comparative study of the spread of mass education around the world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this unique new book uses a bottom-up focus and demonstrates, to an extent not appreciated hitherto, the gulf between the intentions of the government and the reality on the ground.

The University Of Oxford

Author: L. W. B. Brockliss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191017302
Size: 55.77 MB
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This fresh and readable account gives a complete history of the University of Oxford, from its beginnings in the eleventh century to the present day. Written by one of the leading authorities on the history of universities internationally, it traces Oxford's improbable rise from provincial backwater to one of the world's leading centres of research and teaching. Laurence Brockliss sees Oxford's history as one of discontinuity as much as continuity, describing it in four distinct parts. First he explores Oxford as 'The Catholic University' in the centuries before the Reformation, when it was principally a clerical studium serving the needs of the Western church. Then as 'The Anglican University', in the years from 1534 to 1845 when Oxford was confessionally closed to other religions, it trained the next generation of ministers of the Church of England, and acted as a finishing school for the sons of the gentry and the well-to-do. After 1845 'The Imperial University' saw the emergence over the following century of a new Oxford - a university which was still elitist but now non-confessional; became open to women as well as men; took students from all round the Empire; and was held together at least until 1914 by a novel concept of Christian service. The final part, 'The World University', takes the story forward from 1945 to the present day, and describes Oxford's development as a modern meritocratic and secular university with an ever-growing commitment to high-quality academic research. Throughout the book, Oxford's history is placed in the wider context of the history of higher education in the UK, Europe, and the world. This helps to show how singular Oxford's evolution has been: a story not of entitlement but of hard work, difficult decisions, and a creative use of limited resources and advantages to keep its destiny in its own hands.

The Making Of The Middle Class

Author: A. Ricardo López
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822351293
Size: 36.26 MB
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The contributors question the current academic understanding of what is known as the global middle class. They see middle-class formation as transnational and they examine this group through the lenses of economics, gender, race, and religion from the mid-nineteenth century to today.

The Right Kind Of History

Author: David Cannadine
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230300873
Size: 75.37 MB
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The fruit of a two-year research project, this book aims to provide the first historical account of the teaching of history in twentieth-century England, and a series of reflections and suggestions which will inform, feed into and influence the current debate over teaching in schools, a debate which seems likely to go on for several years.

Education And State Formation

Author: A. Green
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137341750
Size: 70.79 MB
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Education has always been a key instrument of nation-building in new states. National education systems have typically been used to assimilate immigrants; to promote established religious doctrines; to spread the standard form of national languages; and to forge national identities and national cultures. They helped construct the very subjectivities of citizenship, justifying the ways of the state to the people and the duties of the people to the state. In this second edition of his seminal and widely-acclaimed book on the origins of public education in England, France, Prussia, and the USA, Andy Green shows how education has also been used as a tool of successful state formation in the developmental states of East Asia. While human capital theories have focused on how schools and colleges supply the skills for economic growth, Green shows how the forming of citizens and national identities through education has often provided the necessary condition for both economic and social development.

Funding The Rise Of Mass Schooling

Author: Johannes Westberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319404601
Size: 60.93 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts’ motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice. In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 – 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context. With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

The Young Ottomans

Author: Nazan Cicek
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857718789
Size: 37.52 MB
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The scope of the Western world’s Eastern Question in the nineteenth century loomed large, encompassing issues from the threat posed by the ‘Russian bear’ to the interests of other Great Powers in the Eastern Mediterranean, to the conditions, or rather ‘oppression’ of non-Muslims, especially Christians, under the Ottoman ‘yoke’. But the most important question of all, one that summarized the Eastern Question, was published in an anonymous pamphlet from 1850, which asked, ‘what to do with the Turk?’. He was the ‘sick man of Europe’ since his heydays came to an end in the late eighteenth century, and his possible untimely death spelled a nightmare for the crowned heads of Europe. _x000D_ In this book Nazan Çiçek narrates and analyses some salient features of the Eastern Question, or the Ottoman Empire’s ‘Western Question’, through the lenses of the Young Ottomans, the newly-rising semi-autonomous Ottoman Muslim Turkish intelligentsia. The Young Ottomans, although inwardly divided among themselves, were representative of a generation who shared a common framework of experiences and concerns that were mostly generated by the encounter of the Ottoman Empire with its ‘other’, the West. This encounter, intrinsically linked to the Eastern Question, compelled the Ottoman Empire to re-interpret its historical self-conception, to discover the qualities that rendered her different and vulnerable with regard to the West, and to seek a formula for survival in an increasingly hostile atmosphere._x000D_ The intellectual discussions offered by the Young Ottomans took a polemical stance not only on the way the Eastern Question unfolded and how it was received by the Ottomans as well as Western ruling elites and intelligentsias but also on the very legitimacy of the modernisation project initiated, manipulated and implemented by the Tanzimat regime between 1839 and 1876 and its Western backers. By considering the appearance of the Young Ottoman opposition as a site of struggle over the definition of civilisation, modernity, reform and citizenship, a struggle that was by and large engendered by the dynamics of the Ottoman Empire’s Western Question, this book narrates an alternative story of the Eastern Question as experienced by its Eastern observers and provides a fresh and original perspective on the political and intellectual history of the Ottoman Empire.

Russian Ottoman Borderlands

Author: Lucien J. Frary
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 0299298043
Size: 26.16 MB
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An innovative and ambitious reassessment of one of the most dominant political concerns of the nineteenth century: What to do about a declining Ottoman Empire? This volume brings together scholars from Russia, Turkey, Europe, and North America to take a fresh look at this significant and revealing historical issue.

Calvet S Web

Author: L. W. B. Brockliss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199247486
Size: 72.44 MB
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LWB Brocklisss study of Esprit-Claude-Francois Calvet (1728-1810), Calvets Web- Enlightenment and the Republic of Letters in Eighteenth-Century France, presents a very good picture of the life of a medical doctor and scholar. Brocklisss study is the result of extensive work in the archives thatcontain many details of Calvets life and collections...- HISTORY- Reviews of New BooksThe book differs from most studies of the Enlightenment in that its center is not the Paris salon and the philosophes who frequented it, but decentralized, epistolary community of stolid, upwardly mobile provincial scholars.-Choice