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Mathematical Models For Neglected Tropical Diseases Essential Tools For Control And Elimination

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128099720
Size: 48.76 MB
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Mathematic Modelling: Improving the Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation of Interventions, Part B, the latest volume in the Advances in Parasitology series contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews in the field of mathematic modeling and its implementation within parasitology. The series includes medical studies of parasites of major influence, such as Plasmodium falciparum and trypanosomes, along with reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy, and life history, all of which shape current thinking and applications. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in mathematic modeling Contains contributions from leading authorities and industry experts Latest installment in the Advances in Parasitology series

Advances In Parasitology

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128151706
Size: 50.89 MB
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Advances in Parasitology, Volume 100, the latest in a series first published in 1963, contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on all areas of interest in contemporary parasitology. The series includes medical studies of parasites of major influence, along with reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy, and life history, which help to shape current thinking and applications. This new release includes sections on Human Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases: Heading Towards 2050, Environmental aspects, Structural and Physical Properties of Schistosome Eggs, and Interventions against parasitic diseases to safeguard childhood development. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of parasitology Includes medical studies of parasites of major influence, such as Plasmodium Falciparum and Trypanosomes Contains contributions from leading authorities and industry experts Features reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy and life history, which help to shape current thinking and applications

Hybrid Solutions For The Modelling Of Complex Environmental Systems

Author: Christian E. Vincenot
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889450554
Size: 37.82 MB
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Systems studied in environmental science, due to their structure and the heterogeneity of the entities composing them, often exhibit complex dynamics that can only be captured by hybrid modeling approaches. While several concurrent definitions of “hybrid modeling” can be found in the literature, it is defined here broadly as the approach consisting in coupling existing modelling paradigms to achieve a more accurate or efficient representation of systems. The need for hybrid models generally arises from the necessity to overcome the limitation of a single modeling technique in terms of structural flexibility, capabilities, or computational efficiency. This book brings together experts in the field of hybrid modelling to demonstrate how this approach can address the challenge of representing the complexity of natural systems. Chapters cover applied examples as well as modeling methodology.

Echinococcus And Echinococcosis

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128124008
Size: 77.26 MB
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Echinococcus and Echinococcosis, Part B, Volume 96 presents a complete synthesis on what is known about the parasitic cestode echinococcus and the disease it causes, echinococcosis (Hydatid Disease), demonstrating that, in addition to its medical, veterinary, and economic significance, it is also an intriguing biological phenomenon. Both parts build on the success of a previous volume—Echinococcus and Hydatid Disease, edited by R.C.A. Thompson and A.J. Lymbery, and published by CAB International—that details the major advances that have taken place since its release. The book remains the only comprehensive account embracing virtually all aspects of echinococcus and the disease it causes. The links between laboratory knowledge and field applications are emphasized throughout the volumes. Consequently, research workers, teachers, students of parasitology, clinicians, and field workers will find this work an indispensable source of information. Presents the expertise of contributors who are renowned in the field Covers all aspects of echinococcus and echinococcosis, from basic and applied biology, through diagnosis and control, to clinical aspects Examines major advances in the field since the last volume was published

Neglected Tropical Diseases Sub Saharan Africa

Author: John Gyapong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319254715
Size: 48.95 MB
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This book provides an overview on the major neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa, such as Leishmaniasis, Buruli Ulcer and Schistosomiasis. In well-structured chapters epidemiology and biology of these parasitic diseases will be discussed in detail. Further, diagnostics and therapeutic approaches as well as prevention strategies will be reviewed. The book will be of interest to basic researchers and clinicians engaged in infectious disease, tropical medicine, and parasitology, and a must-have for scientists specialized in the characteristics of the Sub-Saharan region.

The Geographic Spread Of Infectious Diseases

Author: Lisa Sattenspiel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069112132X
Size: 52.26 MB
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The 1918-19 influenza epidemic killed more than fifty million people worldwide. The SARS epidemic of 2002-3, by comparison, killed fewer than a thousand. The success in containing the spread of SARS was due largely to the rapid global response of public health authorities, which was aided by insights resulting from mathematical models. Models enabled authorities to better understand how the disease spread and to assess the relative effectiveness of different control strategies. In this book, Lisa Sattenspiel and Alun Lloyd provide a comprehensive introduction to mathematical models in epidemiology and show how they can be used to predict and control the geographic spread of major infectious diseases. Key concepts in infectious disease modeling are explained, readers are guided from simple mathematical models to more complex ones, and the strengths and weaknesses of these models are explored. The book highlights the breadth of techniques available to modelers today, such as population-based and individual-based models, and covers specific applications as well. Sattenspiel and Lloyd examine the powerful mathematical models that health authorities have developed to understand the spatial distribution and geographic spread of influenza, measles, foot-and-mouth disease, and SARS. Analytic methods geographers use to study human infectious diseases and the dynamics of epidemics are also discussed. A must-read for students, researchers, and practitioners, no other book provides such an accessible introduction to this exciting and fast-evolving field.

Shrinking The Malaria Map

Author: Richard G. Feachem
Publisher: Global Health Group Ucsf Global Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780615284804
Size: 72.52 MB
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"The purpose of the Guide is to provide guidance and high-level technical insight to leaders in governments that are considering or have embarked upon a national or regional strategy of malaria elimination and to the donors, agencies, and others who support them. This document is a policy digest of the Prospectus on Malaria Elimination." "[summary]"--Provided by publisher.

Models For Infectious Human Diseases

Author: Valerie Isham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521453394
Size: 68.75 MB
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Infectious disease accounts for more death and disability worldwide than either noninfectious disease or injury. This book contains a number of different quantitative approaches to understanding the patterns of such diseases in populations, and the design of control strategies to lessen their effect. The papers are written by experts with varied mathematical expertise and involvement in biological, medical and social sciences. The volume increases interaction between specialties by describing research on many infectious diseases that affect humans, including viral diseases, such as measles and AIDS, and tropical parasitic infections. Sections deal with problems relating to transmissible diseases with long development times (such as AIDS); vaccination strategies; the consequences of treatment interventions; the dynamics of immunity; heterogeneity of populations; and prediction. On each topic, the editors have chosen papers that bring together contrasting approaches via the development of theoretical results, the use of relevant knowledge from applied fields, and the analysis of data.

Investing To Overcome The Global Impact Of Neglected Tropical Diseases

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241564865
Size: 76.41 MB
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This report repositions a group of 17 neglected tropical diseases on the global development agenda at a time of profound transitions in the economies of endemic countries and in thinking about the overarching objectives of development. In doing so it reinvigorates the drive to prevent control eliminate or eradicate diseases that blind maim and disfigure making life miserable for more than a billion people. Undetected and untreated several almost invariably kill. The burden of these diseases is further amplified by the fact that many require chronic and costly care underscoring the economic as well as the health benefits of preventive chemotherapy and early detection and care. The report brings a new dimension to long-term thinking about the future approach to these diseases. For the first time it sets out financing needs options and targets for meeting WHO Roadmap goals by 2020 but also for reaching universal coverage of all people in need by 2030. The report makes one investment case for cost-effectiveness and a second investment case where equity is the focus. It sets targets for ending catastrophic health expenditures and as part of the drive to strengthen health systems for getting services closer to where people live.

The Population Dynamics Of Infectious Diseases Theory And Applications

Author: Roy M. Anderson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1489929010
Size: 74.74 MB
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Since the beginning of this century there has been a growing interest in the study of the epidemiology and population dynamics of infectious disease agents. Mathematical and statistical methods have played an important role in the development of this field and a large, and sophisticated, literature exists which is concerned with the theory of epidemiological processes in popu lations and the dynamics of epidemie and endemie disease phenomena. Much ofthis literature is, however, rather formal and abstract in character, and the field has tended to become rather detached from its empirical base. Relatively little of the literature, for example, deals with the practical issues which are of major concern to public health workers. Encouragingly, in recent years there are signs of an increased awareness amongst theoreticians of the need to confront predictions with observed epidemiological trends, and to pay elose attention to the biological details of the interaction between host and disease agent. This trend has in part been stimulated by the early work of Ross and Macdonald, on the transmission dynamics of tropical parasitic infections, but a further impetus has been the recent advances made by ecologists in blending theory and observation in the study of plant and animal populations.