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Mechanisms Of Psychological Influence On Physical Health

Author: Laura L. Carstensen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461307759
Size: 68.67 MB
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In recent years ideas about the influence of psychological status on physical health have been elevated from intuition and clinical lore to a legitimate area of scientific study. Mechanisms of influence are, indubitably, diverse. Some of this influence is indirect, accounted for simply by the instrumental help that social engagement, associated with good mental health, affords people; for example, psychologically "healthy" people are probably more likely to comply with medication regimens and engage in other healthful behaviors to a greater extent than those who are socially withdrawn or psychologically unstable. But recent studies suggest that while the importance of these more obvious factors cannot be denied, the complete picture includes factors that are much more subtle and complex. A body of research is beginning to accumulate that suggests that all three major regulatory systems -- the central nervous system, the endocrine system, and the immune system -- are affected by cognitions, emotions and behavior. There is no doubt that a relationship between mental and physical health exists, but very little is known about the specific mechanisms by which such influence occurs. At least in part, empirical research in this area has been limited by the inherent need for an interdisciplinary approach and synthesis of collected data. Recently, a few researchers in a number of different disciplines have begun to study directly the linkage between psychological and emotional well being and health.

Adversity Stress And Psychopathology

Author: Bruce P. Dohrenwend
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195121929
Size: 25.77 MB
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The term "adversity" is used to describe exposure to unpropitious or calamitous circumstances. It occurs in extreme situations such as prolonged combat or natural disasters, both of which affect whole groups or communities of people simultaneously. It is also observed in more individually targeted events, such as child abuse, bereavement, rape, physical illness, marital separation or divorce, unemployment, and homelessness. This volume brings together contributions from leading investigators in the field. They review and analyze research on the nature of adversity and its relationship to major types of psychopathology including schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism and other substance use disorders, antisocial personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and nonspecific distress. Adversity, Stress, and Psychopathology is the only book to offer such a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the role of psychosocial stress in mental disorders. It will be welcomed by psychiatrists: psychologists, especially clinical, health and social; public health researchers, especially epidemiologists; and social scientists, especially sociologists.

Handbook Of Emotion Adult Development And Aging

Author: Carol Magai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080532776
Size: 48.92 MB
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The field of emotions research has recently seen an unexpected period of growth and expansion, both in traditional psychological literature and in gerontology. The Handbook of Emotion, Adult Development, and Aging provides a broad overview and summary of where this field stands today, specifically with reference to life course issues and aging. Written by a distinguished group of contributing authors, the text is grounded in a life span developmental framework, while advancing a multidimensional view of emotion and its development and incorporating quantitative and qualitative research findings. The book is divided into five parts. Part One discusses five major theoretical perspectives including biological, discrete emotions, ethological, humanistic, and psychosocial. Part Two on affect and cognition discusses the role of emotion in memory, problem solving, and internal perceptions of self and gender. Part Three on emotion and relationships expands on the role of emotion in sibling and parent/child relationships, as well as relationships between friends and romantic partners, and the emotional reaction to interpersonal loss across the life span. Part Four on stress, health, and psychological well-being treats issues of stress and coping, religion, personality, and quality of life. The final part on continuity and change in emotion patterns and personality discusses emotion and emotionality throughout the life span. An ideal reference source for professionals across a wide range of disciplines, the text summarizes recent important developments in this fast growing area of psychology and proposes many new directions for future research. Provides a biopsychological view on emotion in adulthood from a life span context Presents the new perspective on emotion in older adults actively engaged in emotion self-regulation Describes the intimate connection between emotion and the structure of personality Demonstrates a new perspective on what emotion is, its importance across the life span, its connections with cognition, its role in interpersonal relation, and the way it influences both stability and change in adulthood Illustrates the interpersonal nature of emotion Provides theoretically based, leading edge research from international authors Five areas of coverage include: Theoretical perspectives Affect and cognition Emotion and relationships Stress, health, and psychological well-being Continuity and change in emotion patterns and personality Coverage includes: Five major theoretical perspectives, including biological, discrete emotions, ethological, humanistic, and psychosocial The role of emotion in memory, problem-solving, and internal perceptions of self and gender The role of emotion in sibling and parent/child relationships, relationships between friends and romantic partners, and the emotional reaction to interpersonal loss across the lifespan Issues of stress and coping, religion, personality, and quality of life Emotion and emotionality throughout the lifespan

Annual Review Of Gerontology And Geriatrics Volume 11 1991

Author: K. Warner Schaie, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826197771
Size: 42.43 MB
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ìOverall this issue is well organized and informative, a welcome addition to research literature available in the field of aging.î - Educational Gerontology: Learning Resources

Stress And Health Among The Elderly

Author: May L. Wykle
Publisher: Springer Pub Co
ISBN:
Size: 34.89 MB
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An interdisciplinary volume focusing on the interaction of stress and health. Coverage includes examinations of stress/health issues among minorities, social support, adaptation to stress, and psychopharmacological management of stress.

Author: 国立国会図書館 (Japan)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 63.75 MB
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