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Mediaeval And Renaissance Logic

Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560854
Size: 77.38 MB
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Starting at the very beginning with Aristotle's founding contributions, logic has been graced by several periods in which the subject has flourished, attaining standards of rigour and conceptual sophistication underpinning a large and deserved reputation as a leading expression of human intellectual effort. It is widely recognized that the period from the mid-19th century until the three-quarter mark of the century just past marked one of these golden ages, a period of explosive creativity and transforming insights. It has been said that ignorance of our history is a kind of amnesia, concerning which it is wise to note that amnesia is an illness. It would be a matter for regret, if we lost contact with another of logic's golden ages, one that greatly exceeds in reach that enjoyed by mathematical symbolic logic. This is the period between the 11th and 16th centuries, loosely conceived of as the Middle Ages. The logic of this period does not have the expressive virtues afforded by the symbolic resources of uninterpreted calculi, but mediaeval logic rivals in range, originality and intellectual robustness a good deal of the modern record. The range of logic in this period is striking, extending from investigation of quantifiers and logic consequence to inquiries into logical truth; from theories of reference to accounts of identity; from work on the modalities to the stirrings of the logic of relations, from theories of meaning to analyses of the paradoxes, and more. While the scope of mediaeval logic is impressive, of greater importance is that nearly all of it can be read by the modern logician with at least some prospect of profit. The last thing that mediaeval logic is, is a museum piece. Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science and AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, philosophy, and the history of ideas. - Provides detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic

Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476001407
Size: 69.15 MB
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Das gesamte Wissen der Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie. Die Sach- und Personenartikel des Nachschlagewerks erfassen nicht nur den klassischen Bestand des philosophischen Wissens, sondern werden auch den neueren Entwicklungen in der Philosophie gerecht. Insbesondere in den Bereichen Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. Jetzt erscheint der fünfte Band der Neuauflage mit über 70 neuen Artikeln u. a. zu diesen Begriffen: antike Logik, Lüge, Macht, Medizin, Nano und Neurowissenschaften. Mit neuen Personenartikeln, darunter Luhmann, Lyotard, Maturana.

The Oxford Handbook Of Medieval Philosophy

Author: John Marenbon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190246979
Size: 18.14 MB
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This Handbook is intended to show the links between the philosophy written in the Middle Ages and that being done today. Essays by over twenty medieval specialists, who are also familiar with contemporary discussions, explore areas in logic and philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology ethics, aesthetics, political philosophy and philosophy of religion. Each topic has been chosen because it is of present philosophical interest, but a more or less similar set of questions was also discussed in the Middle Ages. No party-line has been set about the extent of the similarity. Some writers (e.g. Panaccio on Universals; Cesalli on States of Affairs) argue that there are the closest continuities. Others (e.g. Thom on Logical Form; Pink on Freedom of the Will) stress the differences. All, however, share the aim of providing new analyses of medieval texts and of writing in a manner that is clear and comprehensible to philosophers who are not medieval specialists. The Handbook begins with eleven chapters looking at the history of medieval philosophy period by period, and region by region. They constitute the fullest, most wide-ranging and up-to-date chronological survey of medieval philosophy available. All four traditions - Greek, Latin, Islamic and Jewish (in Arabic, and in Hebrew) - are considered, and the Latin tradition is traced from late antiquity through to the seventeenth century and beyond.

Grundriss Der Geschichte Der Philosophie Die Philosophie Des Mittelalters 2 Teilb Nde

Author: Alexander Brungs
Publisher: Schwabe AG
ISBN: 3796537162
Size: 36.63 MB
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Philosophie zur Zeit der Entstehung der europäischen Universität In der Historiographie der mittelalterlichen Philosophie hat das 13. Jahrhundert seit je einen besonderen Platz eingenommen. Im Zuge der institutionellen Trennung der Artistenfakultät von den höheren Fakultäten an den neu entstandenen Universitäten wurden eigenständige Curricula für die Philosophie geschaffen, deren Gegenstandsbereich, Funktion und Status sich nun grundlegend wandelte. Erstmals gab es Professoren (magistri), die sich ausschließlich mit philosophischen Texten beschäftigten, allen voran mit solchen des Aristoteles (und seiner arabischsprachigen Interpreten), dessen logische, naturphilosophische und moralphilosophische Werke man im 13. Jahrhundert zu einem umfassenden Wissenschaftssystem verband, welches erst im 17. Jahrhundert durch neue philosophische Formen verdrängt wurde. Durch die intensive Rezeption neu übersetzter und kommentierter philosophischer Quellen auch in der Theologie geriet das Verhältnis von Theologie und Philosophie zu Einem zentralen Thema und Gegenstand heftiger Auseinandersetzungen, in denen Angehörige der neuformierten Bettelorden, etwa Thomas von Aquin, oft Schlüsselrollen einnahmen. Für die Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung blieben herausragende Denker wie Thomas lange Zeit prägend, bis nicht zuletzt unter dem Einfluss der analytischen Philosophie seit Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts in intensiver Beschäftigung mit mittelalterlicher Logik und Sprachphilosophie auch andere Gelehrte verstärkt wahrgenommen wurden. Neuere Darstellungen der Philosophie des 13. Jahrhunderts konzentrieren sich entsprechend häufig auf zu heutigen Fragestellungen "anschlussfähige" Themenbereiche, sodass der nun erscheinende Band mit der Zugrundelegung eines dem Darstellungszeitraum angemessenen Philosophiebegriffs ebenso eine Lücke schließen wird wie mit der Nachzeichnung der philosophischen Entwicklung in ihrer ganzen Breite, also unter Einbezug der Schriften bislang wenig beachteter Autoren. In bewährter Grundriss-Manier liegt der Schwerpunkt des unter Mitwirkung vieler international renommierter Experten erstellten Bandes auf einer nach Regionen und einzelnen Autoren gegliederten Darstellung mit vielen Werkbeschreibungen und umfangreichen Bibliographien. Diese Kapitel sind eingerahmt von großen Abschnitten zu den institutionellen Voraussetzungen und überkommenen inhaltlichen Grundlagen des Philosophierens sowie zur systematischen Entfaltung einzelner Teilbereiche der Philosophie des 13. Jahrhunderts.

Greek Indian And Arabic Logic

Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080532868
Size: 42.52 MB
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Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic marks the initial appearance of the multi-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. Additional volumes will be published when ready, rather than in strict chronological order. Soon to appear are The Rise of Modern Logic: From Leibniz to Frege. Also in preparation are Logic From Russell to Gödel, Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century, and The Many-Valued and Non-Monotonic Turn in Logic. Further volumes will follow, including Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic and Logic: A History of its Central. In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality. Logic is an indispensably important pivot of the Western intellectual tradition. But, as the chapters on Indian and Arabic logic make clear, logic's parentage extends more widely than any direct line from the Greek city states. It is hardly surprising, therefore, that for centuries logic has been an unfetteredly international enterprise, whose research programmes reach to every corner of the learned world. Like its companion volumes, Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic is the result of a design that gives to its distinguished authors as much space as would be needed to produce highly authoritative chapters, rich in detail and interpretative reach. The aim of the Editors is to have placed before the relevant intellectual communities a research tool of indispensable value. Together with the other volumes, Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic, will be essential reading for everyone with a curiosity about logic's long development, especially researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic in all its forms, argumentation theory, AI and computer science, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, linguistics, forensics, philosophy and the history of philosophy, and the history of ideas.

British Logic In The Nineteenth Century

Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080557014
Size: 21.39 MB
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The present volume of the Handbook of the History of Logic is designed to establish 19th century Britain as a substantial force in logic, developing new ideas, some of which would be overtaken by, and other that would anticipate, the century's later capitulation to the mathematization of logic. British Logic in the Nineteenth Century is indispensable reading and a definitive research resource for anyone with an interest in the history of logic. - Detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic

The Cambridge History Of Later Medieval Philosophy

Author: Norman Kretzmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521369336
Size: 35.57 MB
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This 1982 book is a history of the great age of scholastism from Abelard to the rejection of Aristotelianism in the Renaissance, combining the highest standards of medieval scholarship with a respect for the interests and insights of contemporary philosophers, particularly those working in the analytic tradition. The volume follows on chronologically from The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, though it does not continue the histories of Greek and Islamic philosophy but concentrates on the Latin Christian West. Unlike other histories of medieval philosophy that divide the subject matter by individual thinkers, it emphasises the parts of more historical and theological interest. This volume is organised by those topics in which recent philosophy has made the greatest progress.

Temporal Logic

Author: Peter Øhrstrøm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0585374635
Size: 26.41 MB
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Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence deals with the history of temporal logic as well as the crucial systematic questions within the field. The book studies the rich contributions from ancient and medieval philosophy up to the downfall of temporal logic in the Renaissance. The modern rediscovery of the subject, which is especially due to the work of A. N. Prior, is described, leading into a thorough discussion of the use of temporal logic in computer science and the understanding of natural language. Temporal Logic: From Ancient Ideas to Artificial Intelligence thus interweaves linguistic, philosophical and computational aspects into an informative and inspiring whole.

Studies In Spanish Renaissance Thought

Author: Carlos G. Noreña
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401016739
Size: 79.51 MB
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In spite of its carefully planned - and fully justified - modesty, the title of this book might very well surprise more than one potential reader. It is not normal to see such controversial concepts as "Renaissance," "Renaissance Thought," "Spanish Renaissance," or even "Spanish Thought" freely linked together in the crowded intimacy of one single printed line. The author of these essays is painfully aware of the com plexity of the ground he has dared to cover. He is also aware that all the assumptions and connotations associated with the title of this book have been the subject of great controversy among scholars of high repute who claimed (and probably had) revealing insight into human affairs and ideas. That these pages have been written at all therefore needs some justification. I am convinced that certain of the disputes among historians of ideas do not touch upon matters of substance, but rather reveal the taste and intellectual idiosyncracies of their authors. Much of the disagreement is, I think, a matter of aesthetics. Those who find special gratification in well-defined labels, clear-cut schemes, and compre hensive generalizations, can hardly bear the company of those who insist upon detail, complexity, and organic growth. The nightmarish dilemma, still unresolved, between Unity and Diversity, between the Universal and the Individual, haunts the History of Ideas.