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Medieval European Coinage Volume 6 The Iberian Peninsula

Author: Miquel Crusafont
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316506745
Size: 67.41 MB
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This volume of Medieval European Coinage is the first English-language survey to bring the latest research on the coinage of Spain and Portugal c.1000-1500 to an international audience. A major work of reference by leading numismatic experts, the volume provides an authoritative and up-to-date account of the coinages of Aragon, Catalonia, Castile, Leon, Navarre and Portugal, which have rarely been studied together. It considers how money circulated throughout the peninsula, offering new syntheses of the monetary history of the individual kingdoms, and includes an extensive catalogue of the Aragonese, Castilian, Catalan, Leonese, Navarrese and Portuguese coins in the collection of the Fitzwilliam Museum. This major contribution to the field will be a valuable point of reference for the study of medieval history, numismatics, and archaeology.

Authority And Spectacle In Medieval And Early Modern Europe

Author: Yuen-Gen Liang
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317177010
Size: 42.85 MB
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Bringing together distinguished scholars in honor of Professor Teofilo F. Ruiz, this volume presents original and innovative research on the critical and uneasy relationship between authority and spectacle in the period from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries, focusing on Spain, the Mediterranean and Latin America. Cultural scholars such as Professor Ruiz and his colleagues have challenged the notion that authority is elided with high politics, an approach that tends to be monolithic and disregards the uneven application and experience of power by elite and non-elite groups in society by highlighting the significance of spectacle. Taking such forms as ceremonies, rituals, festivals, and customs, spectacle is a medium to project and render visible power, yet it is also an ambiguous and contested setting, where participants exercise the roles of both actor and audience. Chapters in this collection consider topics such as monarchy, wealth and poverty, medieval cuisine and diet and textual and visual sources. The individual contributions in this volume collectively represent a timely re-examination of authority that brings in the insights of cultural theory, ultimately highlighting the importance of representation and projection, negotiation and ambivalence.

The Cambridge History Of Judaism Volume 6 The Middle Ages The Christian World

Author: Robert Chazan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108340199
Size: 29.75 MB
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Volume 6 examines the history of Judaism during the second half of the Middle Ages. Through the first half of the Middle Ages, the Jewish communities of western Christendom lagged well behind those of eastern Christendom and the even more impressive Jewries of the Islamic world. As Western Christendom began its remarkable surge forward in the eleventh century, this progress had an impact on the Jewish minority as well. The older Jewries of southern Europe grew and became more productive in every sense. Even more strikingly, a new set of Jewries were created across northern Europe, when this undeveloped area was strengthened demographically, economically, militarily, and culturally. From the smallest and weakest of the world's Jewish centers in the year 1000, the Jewish communities of western Christendom emerged - despite considerable obstacles - as the world's dominant Jewish center by the end of the Middle Ages. This demographic, economic, cultural, and spiritual dominance was maintained down into modernity.

The Formation Of The English Kingdom In The Tenth Century

Author: George Molyneaux
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192542931
Size: 45.73 MB
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The central argument of The Formation of the English Kingdom in the Tenth Century is that the English kingdom which existed at the time of the Norman Conquest was defined by the geographical parameters of a set of administrative reforms implemented in the mid- to late tenth century, and not by a vision of English unity going back to Alfred the Great (871-899). In the first half of the tenth century, successive members of the Cerdicing dynasty established a loose domination over the other great potentates in Britain. They were celebrated as kings of the whole island, but even in their Wessex heartlands they probably had few means to routinely regulate the conduct of the general populace. Detailed analysis of coins, shires, hundreds, and wapentakes suggests that it was only around the time of Edgar (957/9-975) that the Cerdicing kings developed the relatively standardised administrative apparatus of the so-called 'Anglo-Saxon state'. This substantially increased their ability to impinge upon the lives of ordinary people living between the Channel and the Tees, and served to mark that area off from the rest of the island. The resultant cleft undermined the idea of a pan-British realm, and demarcated the early English kingdom as a distinct and coherent political unit. In this volume, George Molyneaux places the formation of the English kingdom in a European perspective, and challenges the notion that its development was exceptional: the Cerdicings were only one of several ruling dynasties around the fringes of the former Carolingian Empire for which the late ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries were a time of territorial expansion and consolidation.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 78.52 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Fr Hmittelalterliche M Nzfunde Aus Polen

Author: Mateusz Bogucki
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788363760199
Size: 71.40 MB
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The Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology presents the Polish Early Medieval Hoards Inventories, bringing together all the hoard and single finds (500-1150) in the area of Lesser Poland and Silesia. At 500 pages the volume provides detailed lists and descriptions of hoards, coins and ornaments - a total of 231 registered finds, containing 31 921 objects. The lists are supplemented with numerous illustrations on 78 plates.

Der Plan Von St Gallen

Author: Barbara Schedl
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783205795025
Size: 67.35 MB
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Der Klosterplan von St. Gallen gehört zu den bedeutendsten Denkmälern der karolingischen Zeit. Er ist die früheste erhaltene und umfangreichste Visualisierung eines Baukomplexes und ist seit seiner Anfertigung, wohl vor 830, im Besitz der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Barbara Schedl erläutert in dieser Publikation erstmals seit Beginn der fast 400 Jahre andauernden Forschungsgeschichte zum Klosterplan das schrittweise Entstehen der Architekturzeichnung und die ursprüngliche Intention der Planverfasser. Im Mittelpunkt stehen die Herstellungs- und die dabei zu vermutenden Denkprozesse, die dem bildlichen Entwurf zugrunde liegen. Eine Textanalyse und Interpretation der im 12. Jahrhundert auf der Rückseite angebrachten Martins-Vita vom Mittelalterhistoriker Karl Brunner ergänzt die Arbeit.